You are at the A. Ol'khovatov www-page: http://olkhov.narod.ru/gr1997.htm
The last update: June 24, 2020
The file size is about 500 kb (and more with picture's downloads)
"...facts must be held superior to
the most imposing authorities."
( Please pay attention that the list of the events below is just a minor part of the events occur - just read this web-page:
Many ( if not say 'almost all' ) of the events disappeared in the past unnoticed... ).
- Underwater lightning associated with the 2011 earthquake in New Zealand
- Possible earthquake lights associated with the Dec.17,2009 earthquake in Nebraska
- Probable earthquake lights associated with the Jan.9,2009 earthquake in California
-The February, 2008 'inflaming' fireball in Argentine
-The March of 2007 event near the town of Cacoal, Brazil
- A meteorite which burnt a cottage in Germany (October 2006)
- Green fireballs appeared again in Australia (May 16, 2006) and scientific research assigns some of them to ball-lightnings!
-The March 6, 2006 "burning meteorite" event near the town of San Antonio de Jesus, Brazil
-The June 25, 2005 "glowing meteorite" event in Fairbury, NE, USA
-The April 19, 2005 inflaming fireball event in Iran
-The September 14-15, 2004 fireball's events in Argentina
-The July 4, 2004 Florida "lightning-meteorite" event
-The February 2, 2004 Peruvian geometeor event
-The January 2, 2004 Babol, Iran geometeor event and more
-The July 15, 2003 Elma geometeor event
-The March 15, 2003 Venafro event in Italy
-The February 14, 2003 earthquake lights event in Russia
-The May 26, 2002 'purple' fireball pictured in Turkey
-The February 23, 2002 event in Maryland, USA
-The February 15, 2002 event in Sweden
-The February 1, 2002 'dive attack' giant ball-lightning in Australia
-The November 30, 2001 event in Spain
-The August 22, 2001 'sounds&lights' event in Maine
-The July 31, 2001 "lightning slag" event in Arizona
-The July 17, 2001 'volcanic' fireball event in Florida
-The July 14, 2001 New Jersey flying lights
-The July 6, 2001 NNE event in Hartsville, Tennessee
-The May 28, 2001 low-flying fireball over Puerto-Rico
-The April 18, 2001 burning fireball event in Jordan
-The April 1, 2001 Alberta, Canada "cratering" event
-The December 26, 2000 NSW, Australia fireball(s)
-The December 4, 2000 Salisbury igniting fireball
-The April 11, 1925 limestone 'meteorite' with 'gloss' cover and calcareous shell inside in Sweden
-The Nov.13, 1872 meteors with cinders falling on a ship
-The May(?), 1842 geometeorite in Buffalo, USA
-The December 17, 1852 event in English Channel
-The April 9, 1879 thunderstorm's geometeorite in Chicago
-The July, 1886 probable geometeor in USA
-The July, 1896 Mexican "rain-calling meteorite"
-The March 9, 1897 geometeorite in USA
-The September 13, 1899 probable geometeorite in USA
-The November, 1902 fireballs events in Australia
-The April 24, 1903 devastating fireball event in Australia
-The 1904 "meteorite" fall on US farm
-The October 22, 1909 meteor-like ball-lightning in USA
-The February, 1910 "comet" electrifizing a ship
-A ship nearly hit by a "meteorite" in 1912
-The US town struck by a "meteor" in 1916
-The May 11, 1922 "meteorite fall" in USA
-The 1925 recurrencing fireballs in USA
-The September 21, 1927 meteor-like ball-lightning in USA
-The December 21, 1928 killing fireball in USA
-The green fireballs in late 1940s in southern USA
-The March 21, 1950 geometeorite in Mongolia
-The December 17, 1977 iron geometeorite in Iowa
-The June 30, 1978 geometeorite near Krasnoturansk, Russia
-The November 28, 1979 "almost hitting a yacht" geometeor and more
-The May 5, 1981 giant fireball explosion seen by a Soviet cosmonaut
-The October 31, 1981 "slag-meteorite" in USA
-The January 29, 1986 geometeorite in the town of Dal'negorsk, Russia
-The May 24, 1988 Gombori, USSR event
-Australian "anomalous" fireballs in 1990s
-The January 14, 1993 geophysical meteor in Poland
-The January 18, 1994 Spanish geophysical bolide
-The Aug.25, 1995 Windsor, Canada fireball event
-The Sept.15, 1995 Piaui, Brazil fireball/crater event
-The July 17, 1996 TWA Flight 800 et al.?
-The August 22, 1996 video detection of anomalous fireball
-The Oct.3-4, 1996 swarms of fireballs in the south-west of USA
-The Dec.9, 1997 Greenland and the 1996 Kaluga fireballs
-The Oct.9, 1999 Brazilian fireball event
-The Nov.16, 1999 MidWest USA fireball(s)
-The Dec.5, 1999 Alabama fireball and other December's fireballs in the south-eastern USA
-The Dec.7, 1999 Guyra, Australia event
-The Dec.20, 1999 Scandinavian fireball
-The April 28, 2000 Washington-British Columbia fireball
-The May 6, 2000 fireball near collision with an airplane
-The August 1, 2000 Kumarina, Australia event
-The August 9, 2000 Californian "earthquake lights" meteors
-The Hessdalen lights
-The September 26, 2000 Californian green fireball
-The November 8, 2000 Argentine electric fireball
This www-page is devoted to the phenomenon, which can be called "geophysical
meteors" (or "geometeors"). They are meteor-like luminous events, but of
non-meteoroidal (i.e. terrestrial) origin. Just two centuries ago every
meteor was thought to be of terrestrial origin, as "stones can not fall
from the sky", and those few, who said about stones fallen from the sky
considered as heretics.
Then it was discovered that stones can fall, and they are of extraterrestrial origin (meteorites). The previous dogma was quickly forgotten, so the pendulum has swung into the extreme opposite position, and a new dogma was born declaring that every fireball/meteor/bolide in the sky is of meteoroidal origin, and is caused by a chunk of extraterrestrial rock/ice, etc., or, at least, manmade space debris.
Just recently, the pendulum began to move to the equilibrium position. An article on the item appeared even in astronomical journal METEORITICS & PLANETARY SCIENCE (you can read the scanned article).
or my abstract:
ICOPS 2000. IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts. 27th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (Cat. No.00CH37087)
It seems that the Nature is used to keep the Truth in between!
The main problem with geophysical meteors (geometeors) is that, unlike the meteoroidal meteors (astrometeors), their physical mechanism is not known. We can just suppose that probably the origin has some resemblance with a ball-lightning. But the latter one is a problem for modern scientists too! Many scientists try to avoid the problem, just ignoring it, while groups (not very large) of enthusiasts work hard over it. Wish them success!
Let's return to geometeors. Several examples of them can be found in my tectonic Tunguska article. New ones are given below. But I will begin with discussion of their possible physical mechanisms.
Here I want to propose the simplest idea of the physical mechanism of
geometeors. In my opinion geometeors are a result of a strong coupling
between atmospheric and tectonic processes. In some of them "classic" atmospheric
factors dominate, in other tectonic ones. The real physical mechanist is
not known, but probably is is associted with electromagnetic/electric
processes. Let me explain the probable origin
of the electricity. We begin with the "atmospheric side". There are
numerous stories of a "bolt from a blue"- type discharges, which points
to a possibility of a very strong electric fields far away from a "bad
weather". There is no conventional explanation for them still. I incline
to think that there can be 2 main sources of the atmospheric electric fields:
charged atmospheric aerosol layers caused by "pure" atmospheric processes,
and the "tectonic" one, caused by emanation of aerosol from the ground
and re-distribution of electric charge in the ground. As the first, "atmospheric"
aspect of charge formation is less, or more known, I will detail the "tectonic"
I begin with famous French physicist F. Arago, who wrote that thunderstorms, and bad weather can be accompanied with subterranean disturbances. Arago gave many examples, as water in springs become muddy or "agitated", when a weather changes for the worse. Moreover, sometimes this behaviour is often a precursor of a thunderstorm. In other words, it means that atmospheric processes are strongly coupled with subterranean ones, at least sometimes. For example, a variation of atmospheric pressure changes loading to the earth's crust (ground), and can increase stress and emanation (degassing) from the ground. The emanated aerosol particles can change atmospheric conditions due to their electric charge, formation of water droplets around them, etc. In the most powerful way the influence of endogenic processes on atmospheric ones happens during increased tectonic activity, and is the most known in association with earthquakes, and partly considered in my tectonic Tunguska article. So here I just add that increased level of atmospheric aerosol, and of electric fields are measured before earthquakes. So during upsurge of tectonic activity the endogenic factor apparently is dominated over the atmospheric one. The most interesting aspect is an ejection of large electric charge of endogenic origin into the atmosphere. For example, before the Febr.4, 1975 Haicheng, China earthquake several groups of investigators measured telluric voltage as high as 10 V between two grounded electrodes with spacing 50 meters. Till now no theory can explain it, but anyway, it was one of the points, on which the earthquake was successfully predicted and many lifes were saved! In some "earthquake lights" events "boiled" sand or burnt rocks below the lights were discovered (very nice pictures of earthquakes lights and "their" burnt rocks preceding the 1999 Turkish earthquake can be seen here). It hints on a role of powerful electric currents, which can produce the effect due to their heating, or heating by secondary induced currents. And indeed, Japanese scientists, Yiri Enomoto and Zhong Zheng discovered ( see also "Geophysical Research Letters v.25, p.2721 (1998)) traces of electric current flowing through the surface (where "earthquake light" was seen during the Jan.17, 1995 Kobe earthquake) in order of 1000 A for about 10 seconds. In other words, the total electric charge transfered was in order of 10 000 Coulombs. A source of the currents is a mystery. Anyway, for a comparasion, the average charge of thundercloud is a couple dozens C. Even a small fraction of the charge can significantly alter the atmospheric conditions. So the earthquakes weather anomalies (described in the tectonic Tunguska article) are quite reasonable. On the other side, it is known that 'earthquake lights' have tendency to occur during cold front's passages.
Besides these factors, a powerful solar event, which can deposite charges and alter electric conductivity in the middle atmosphere (i.e. especially, probably solar proton event) can also contribute, but I incline to think that its direct influence is less important, than "interior" atmospheric and subterranean ones.
Thus we can see that the coupling between tectonic and atmospheric processes can produce atmospheric electric fields (or, anyway, the ball-lightning like formations, whatever their origin is).
Here I try to speculate how the mechanism can lead to geometeors. Please, imagine that due to combination of the above mentioned factors in some place on the ground or/and in atmospheric layer above it a large electric charges was formed (deposited), which also can alter air conductivity. In other words, it is something like a large electrified aerosol cloud.
In this case, in certain atmospheric conditions, various kinds of an electromagnetic phenomena can develop between surrounding area and the "cloud", as well as inside the "cloud". If the phenomena look like a rocket lightning, or fast-moving ball lightning, that will be a geophysical meteor, probably flying to/from the place. But again, it is just one of possible explanations, on which I don't insist. Moreover, I even don't have such a task to work out the physical mechanism. My task is to collect, summ up, and to analize data.
To check the possible relation geometeors with clouds, I investigated
cloudiness (and airpressure) data around times of geometeor's events.
Below is info, which I reported at the 5th International Conference on Cosmoparticle
Physics "COSMION-2001", held in Russia in May 2001.
Here is a graph of cloudiness level averaged over 7 the most reliable geometeors events (a horizontal line marks days from a geometeor's appearence, a vertical one marks total cloudiness in %).
Similar graph for average sea level airpressure (below) points that a geometeor has a tendency to occur during upsurge of local airpressure. But the relation seems to be not very strong, and often a geometeor is associated with airpressure fall or rise. I hope that a meteorologist can get even much more details from the data.
Thus possibly a geometeor is a very specific form of electromagnetic phenomenon in
the finest aerosol. Unlike a typical/classic discharge in a laboratory
(well-known from school-days) between two electrodes, there is very important
role of self-organization processes in finest atmospheric aerosol in
This is just one of the proposed mechanisms, and I don't insist on it. Possibly there are other ones, the future will show.
Anyway, till now everything points that the most important aspect of the processes is a formation of energetic localized region in atmosphere, which points to some remarkable forms of self-organization (compare it with tornado formation).
Interestingly, that despite modern science till now can tell nothing about how the forms work, it is already possible to say, that modern science can expect their presence! Indeed, now it is already more or less established that self-organization is used to take place in none-stable none-equilibrium conditions of physical medium (including gas and solid body). And meteorological conditions favorable for geometeors (see below) indeed correspond to none-stable conditions of atmosphere, whereas the favorable "tectonic" conditions correspond to instabilities in subteranean medium!I would like to add a couple of probably unusual thoughts, "food for thinking". Couldn't the high level of self-organization realizing in atmosphere somehow be induced by tectonic processes? Maybe there is something like a law of conservation of [nega]entropy?...
An intriguing aspect of geometeors is that there are rather strong
evidences, that, at least, sometimes they can transport some substance ("geometeorites").
I think that geometeorites in many cases are what is often called
'meteors wrong' (one of the most famous were Igast objects, some other
examples of 'pseudometeorites' can be read here, for example:
It is one of their most puzzling properties. It
is known, that sometimes a lightning can throw away a heavy rock for many
meters. Moreover, some scientists think that a ball lightning can transport
some substance too (this idea was especially popular a century ago, as
many facts point to it. Here you can read one example:
April 9, 1879 Chicago event (demands DJVU-plug-in, or see below). And
sometimes many terrestrial things fall from a clear sky. But a high-speed
geometeor transporting some terrestrial substance is very exciting!
What forces could be responsible for the tornado-like actions? Indeed sometimes geometeors are accompanied with localized gusts of wind (it is interesting to mention that sometimes lightning strikes can be mysteriously accompanied with gusts of hot air [see NATURE,v236,p.413]). Maybe a possible hint or even a key is in this intriguing electrostatic "invisible wall" phenomenon?
Nowadays geometeors are on the modern science frontier, or maybe even
a little beyond it. As soon as we explain ball-lightning, probably we will
have a large progress in understanding geometeors. Anyway, based on their
empirical rules/theory I publically (i.e. by posting the info in internet etc.)
made several (about 5) predictions in "meteorite fall" events about
"non-discovery of meteorites" - and all of them were confirmed! Of course,
I was a little bit lucky, as due to sparsely data and often second-hands
accounts a possibility of a mistake is rather large, but anyway, the domination
of correct predictions of the geometeor's interpretation is remarkable already,
when the theory is just in a germ state!
Anyway, as Chinese say, a long road begins with the first step, and I hope that this input can be this first step. Everybody is welcome to step forward!
3. POSSIBLE, PROBABLE, AND EVIDENT CASES OF GEOPHYSICAL METEORS
A lot of info on the events, which are probably geophysical meteors can be discovered in UFO www-sites, newspaper articles, etc.. Unfortunately, their descriptions often are not good for any solid conclusions. Anyway, in many cases the geophysical origin is very probable, and sometimes even evident. Please, pay attention that some links below are opened in new browser's windows.
This www-page becomes too large as well as the number of associated files. So I have present most of info in linked big files.
Thanks to Christine Rosinski for pointing me to this event.
Here is from http://spaceweather.com (taken on Dec.18,2009):
"It sounded like those loud grain haulers that drive by, but about five times louder," reports Laurie Riley, who lives near the epicenter. "The whole house shook. My kids came running down stairs – they were scared. It even moved my car, [which was parked outside on icy ground]."
And then the really curious thing happened.
Minutes after the quake, around 9 pm CST, lightning-like flashes lit up the skies around the area of the quake. Telephones in police departments and TV stations rang with reports of bright lights, loud rumbles and shaking ground. Sky watchers, not only in southeastern Nebraska, but also in neighboring Oklahoma, Missouri and Kansas, saw a "bright fireball" with "green streamers" moving from northwest to southeast.
Could these events be connected? Nebraska State Trooper Jerry Chab, an experienced amateur astronomer who witnessed the lights and was one of the first to report them, says no. "I think we have the most cosmic of coincidences: A bright [meteoritic] fireball around the same time as an earthquake." Indeed, eyewitness descriptions of the fireball are consistent with a meteoroid disintegrating in the atmosphere. On the other hand, several readers have pointed out scientific studies that associate lightning-like phenomena (including ball lightning) with earthquakes: #1, #2, #3. The fireball, they suggest, might have been a rare manifestation of "earthquake lightning."
More reports could help sort out the possibilities. Readers with photos or eyewitness accounts are encouraged to submit their observations.
Info about the fireball (taken on Dec.18,2009 from http://spaceweather.com/glossary/fireballreports_16dec09.htm?PHPSESSID=8mm23gjcjv5kiioi0tc3b55ea1 ):
Summary: The nature of this event is uncertain--indeed, it might be more than one event. Around 9 pm on Dec. 16th, sky watchers in southeast Nebraska saw a brilliant fireball streak across the sky. It was so bright that observers with overcast skies saw it shining through clouds. Telephones in news stations and police departments rang with reports of bright lights, loud sounds, and ground shaking. Minutes earlier, around 8:53 pm CST, the USGS says there was a magnitude 3.5 earthquake in southeastern Nebraska:
Earthquakes in Nebraska are rare, so what are the odds of one happening within minutes of a meteoritic fireball? This might be a cosmic coincidence. Or there could be some yet-to-be-explained linkage between the events. Readers with photos or eyewitness reports are invited to submit them here.
Location: 5 miles NW of Pawnee City, Nebraska
Comments: Nebraska State Trooper Jerry Chab: "At 2100 CST tonight a very bright meteor lit up the entire completely overcast sky like lightning in southeast Nebraska. It flashed for approximately 1.5-2 seconds and was followed by sonic booms and ground shaking which prompted many calls by the public to law enforcement in a three County wide area."
"I was approximately 5 miles NW of Pawnee City, Ne. when I observed the flashes," Chab continues. "It was a very bright one, the sky dimmed a bit and it was followed by another bright flash. Between the two bright flashes the sky never completely dimmed. Again, this all occurred within 1.5-2 seconds. I talked to a truck driver who was approx. 8 miles straight East of me who saw the same thing. A local Deputy was about 16 miles ENE of me and also saw it. The first 911 call came at 2201. The calls were about explosions AND earthquakes. One individual call mentioned 'two' explosions. I attributed the calls to sonic booms."
"If the Earthquake is confirmed, as it appears to be, I think we have the most cosmic of coincidences: A large fireball around the same time of an Earthquake. I am simply amazed!!"
Location: Nebraska City, Nebraska (near Auburn, Nebraska)
Comments: Laurie Riley: "It sounded like the loud grain haulers that go by but about 5 times louder. The whole house shook. The kids came running down stairs – they were scared. The only thing I noticed last night is my vehicle was moved – since it’s been snowing and ice out, I park backwards and park with two tires on my sidewalk for traction and after the quake, it shook my vehicle so the back tire slide off the sidewalk and the front tire was almost off. It lasted about 5 seconds or so. Very loud rumble."
Location: Warren County, Missouri
Comments: Doug Kniffen: "My daughter and I saw the fireball from east central Missouri (Warren County). 9:05pm on my wristwatch (set to WWV). The fireball appeared about magnitude -6, with distinctly green streamers outlining the tail. Certainly an impressive sight, sure wish I had a picture. Very low apparent altitude, would have missed it if the trees hadn't dropped their leaves. Told my daughter that there was a good chance of fresh meterorites in Nebraska. Nice to know that my estimate of a fall zone was close."
Location: Hastings, Nebraska
Comments: Rich Cartier: "Sitting in a well-lit living room watching TV, I noticed out the east-facing living room window a bright fireball heading from northwest to southeast. It lasted about 2 seconds with a bright flash at the end. It was remarkable, since it was overcast, and I was in a bright room, yet it still caught my eye."
Location: between Wichita and Andover, Kansas
Comments: Alan Howarter: "At about 9:06 pm on Wednesday, December 16, 2009 I was driving North and witnessed what appeared to be a very bright meteor toward the northeast that lit up for a couple of seconds."
Location: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Comments: Rick Foster: "I saw a huge green fireball at 9:03 pm from Oklahoma City almost due north. Very low on horizon. Looked like it was moving NW to SE. I was in my truck driving north on I-35. It was very large, green with orange sparks and very short tail."
It is interesting that there is a report of a blue bright fireball at 21.10 CST with persistent train from Jefferson City (Missouri ). The event lasted for 5 seconds and was seen to the west from obserber. The city is situated (N38.50164032, W92.15556335 ) to the south-east from the earthquake epicenter.
From http://www.amsmeteors.org/fireball/fireball_log2009.html :
Date Local Time Time Zone Name City State or Province Dir/Alt (Start/End) Magnitude Duration (Seconds) Color Persistent Train Terminal Burst Sounds Comments 680 Dec 16 2110 CST Darren Peters Jefferson City Missouri W -27 5 Blue Y - - -According to weather data, the sky was clear at Jefferson City (Missouri ) at that time.
Here are some details of the earthquake (from http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009qhaf.php ) taken on Dec.18, 2009:
Date-Time Thursday, December 17, 2009 at 02:53:42 UTC
Wednesday, December 16, 2009 at 08:53:42 PM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
Location 40.412deg. N, 95.857deg. W
Depth 5 km (3.1 miles) set by location program
Distances 3 km (2 miles) NNW (334°) from Auburn, NE
12 km (7 miles) E (90°) from Johnson, NE
12 km (7 miles) SE (131°) from Brock, NE
82 km (51 miles) ESE (122°) from Lincoln, NE
521 km (324 miles) WNW (294°) from St. Louis, MO
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 6.4 km (4.0 miles); depth fixed by location program
Parameters NST= 17, Nph= 17, Dmin=159.4 km, Rmss=0.93 sec, Gp= 50°, M-type="Nuttli" surface wave magnitude (mbLg), Version=8
Source USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID us2009qhaf
This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Did you feel it? Report shaking and damage at your location. You can also view a map displaying accumulated data from your report and others. Earthquake Summary
mbLg 3.5 (GS). Felt (IV) at Brock, Johnson, Pawnee City and Peru; (III) at Auburn, Brownville, Dunbar, Humboldt and Tecumseh; (II) at Beatrice, Cook, Elk Creek, Falls City, Nebraska City, Omaha, Plattsmouth and Superior. Also felt (III) at Hamburg, Iowa. Felt (II) at Fairfax, Kansas City and Rock Port, Missouri. Felt as far as Atlantic, Iowa; Rantoul, Kansas; Blue Springs, Missouri and Hastings, Nebraska.
EARTHQUAKES IN THE STABLE CONTINENTAL REGION
Most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains has infrequent earthquakes. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri, in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska seismic zone of eastern Quebec, in New England, in the New York - Philadelphia - Wilmington urban corridor, and elsewhere. However, most of the enormous region from the Rockies to the Atlantic can go years without an earthquake large enough to be felt, and several U.S. states have never reported a damaging earthquake. The earthquakes that do occur strike anywhere at irregular intervals.
Earthquakes east of the Rocky Mountains, although less frequent than in the West, are typically felt over a much broader region. East of the Rockies, an earthquake can be felt over an area as much as ten times larger than a similar magnitude earthquake on the west coast. A magnitude 4.0 eastern U.S. earthquake typically can be felt at many places as far as 100 km (60 mi) from where it occurred, and it infrequently causes damage near its source. A magnitude 5.5 eastern U.S. earthquake usually can be felt as far as 500 km (300 mi) from where it occurred, and sometimes causes damage as far away as 40 km (25 mi).
Earthquakes everywhere occur on faults within bedrock, usually miles deep. Most of the region's bedrock was formed as several generations of mountains rose and were eroded down again over the last billion or so years.
At well-studied plate boundaries like the San Andreas fault system in California, often scientists can determine the name of the specific fault that is responsible for an earthquake. In contrast, east of the Rocky Mountains this is rarely the case. All parts of this vast region are far from the nearest plate boundaries, which, for the U.S., are to the east in the center of the Atlantic Ocean, to the south in the Caribbean Sea, and to the west in California and offshore from Washington and Oregon. The region is laced with known faults but numerous smaller or deeply buried faults remain undetected. Even most of the known faults are poorly located at earthquake depths. Accordingly, few earthquakes east of the Rockies can be linked to named faults. It is difficult to determine if a known fault is still active and could slip and cause an earthquake. In most areas east of the Rockies, the best guide to earthquake hazards is the earthquakes themselves.
So could the luminous event be earthquake lights? Due to sparse data I am open-minded.
Some facts contra:
- the reported time of the fireball was some minutes after the earthquake, which make the 'earthquake-lights' idea less likely.
Some facts pro:
Some accounts says that the fireball was seen during overcast sky which hints that the fireball must be below clouds which is extremly unlikely for a meteoroidal bolide.
- This account:
Much detailed and solid accounts are needed for more or less solid conclusion.
"We felt the shaking and went outside and looked in the sky and there it was," said one caller to The Desert Sun. "When the shaking stopped it disappeared."
This is the journal of the Institute of Hispanic Ufology (IHU), presenting UFO and paranormal cases from Spain, South America and the Caribbean
Wednesday, February 06, 2008
Argentina: A Firestarting Bolide?
Source: El Eco Digital
Argentina: A Firestarting Bolide?
Witnesses claim that a strange object started the formidable fire in the mountains
Presence of a strange object in the sky - theory gains increasing strength
Another fire was recorded last night near Rancho de Popy, which was controlled by local firefighters, who explained that it was normal for fires to restart. For this reason they continued monitoring the area. However, witnesses claim having seen a strange object in the area ravaged by flames.
At the same time that the firefighters struggled to quench the flames, the rumor spread along the Tandil sierras that "a UFO was to blame." Others said : "It was a fireball," and still others insisted: "No, no, it was a ball of many colors that fell right in the middle of the hill."
Thus, hours have gone by and eyewitness accounts have added up right after another, increasing in sensationalism and being added to other possibilities amenable to the popular belief system, considering what could have been responsible for starting such an early morning bonfire.
El Eco de Tandil had the chance to chat with a local who preferred to remain anonymous: "Otherwise I won't be able to go outside due to the joshing I'll be subjected to," he apologized, while recounting his amazing story which led us to Route 30 on the way to Buenos Aires.
"I was with my companion on a business trip to Buenos Aires. The sky was starry on a calm early morning, almost on the verge of sunrise. We felt privileged to be able to see the phenomenon that was taking place -- all lined up we could see the Moon, Venus and Jupiter. It was remarkable to see and we felt privileged." But all of this suddenly changed when a red light -- that did not fall into anyone's plan and had not been described by the local newspapers, who had announced the alignment phenomenon --- crossed the sky at high speed.
"It all lasted between five and ten seconds. The red light travelled at great speed toward Tandil and descended toward the ground, until it vanished from our sight. It all happened so quickly that we didn't have a chance to react. As soon as we saw the light we hit the brakes and pulled over in an effort to take photos or film it with the cellphone, but I didn't even have enough time to draw the cellphone from my pocket."
At this point, the traveler suggested that "it could have been a piece of space junk, because it wasn't a star or an airplane. And I don't believe in UFOs," he said in closing. But one must add the same thing that is said of witches -- they don't exist, but they're there.
Meanwhile, the national media has also picked up the story about the events that could have started the fire that blazed a thousand hectares of the Tandil landscape. On the internet, one of the most popular news mediums, we find the digital page of renowned journalist and broadcaster Chiche Gelblung, who put up an article on his website entitled: "Is it True That A UFO Caused the Fires in Tandil?"
The article goes on to say that "only two weeks ago, a researcher interviewed by Minutouno.com had forecasted it: A UFO flap was in the works. And this is what appears to have kicked off in Tandil. Various eyewitnesses alerted the media to the fact that they had seen an enormous fireball shortly before the fire that devastated hundreds of hectares in recent hours."
Wintesses claimed over the air that an unidentified flying object crashed on Cerro de las Animas around 4 a.m. on Monday. This was the hill that caught fire this morning. To these callers, the skyfall was the cause of the fire that caused severe damage and the evacuation of homes and a hotel."
"It was like an enormous fireball and it fell behind the hill," another local told this program. Immediately, others emerged to corroborate the report, among them a worker for a local metallurgical firm, who said that the UFO gave off an intense glow and its size was similar to the that of the full Moon.
With the coincidence of the start of the the most intense fire, many felt the temptation to tie up these loose ends. However, firefighters believe that the fire began before this odd phenomenon was reported. Meanwhile, the event has become the sole topic of conversation in the town," says the otherworldly report.
FOR MORE INFORMATION: El Eco Digital - http://www.eleco.com.ar
(Translation (c) 2008, S. Corrales, IHU. Special thanks to Christian Quintero, Planeta UFO)
And here is some follow-up from http://inexplicata.blogspot.com/2008/02/argentina-more-on-alleged-firestarting.html
This is the journal of the Institute of Hispanic Ufology (IHU), presenting UFO and paranormal cases from Spain, South America and the Caribbean
Monday, February 11, 2008
Argentina: More on the Alleged Firestarting UFO
Source: Radio Tandil and Planeta UFO
Argentina: More on the Alleged Firestarting UFO
According to a metallurgist eyewitness, last week's fire in the hills of Tandilia, Province of Buenos Aires, were caused by a UFO.
Newspaper reports from Tandil suggest that a worker in the Ronicevi metallurgical plant was reporting to his shift at 4 a.m., and he claims having seen a UFO that gave off a considerable brightness and had a size similar to the full Moon.
"It was like a giant fireball and it fell behind the hill," said the local, whose testimony was corroborated spontaneously by other people. According to the story, this object fell around four o'clock in the morning on the summit of Cerro Las Animas.
The wildfire devoured a broad region, causing serious damage and the evacuation of homes and one hotel. It is said that the fire did not start on Monday, but rather on Sunday, when a new outbreak occurred.
Two weeks ago, a ufologist claimed that a UFO flap was underway. The fact of the matter is that the authorities have been able to confirm the source of the fire, and did not find the remains of the object seen by locals.
(Special thanks to Guillermo Gimenez, Planeta UFO)
And here is some background discussion from UFO-viewpoint.
This is the journal of the Institute of Hispanic Ufology (IHU), presenting UFO and paranormal cases from Spain, South America and the Caribbean
Monday, February 11, 2008
Argentina: Background on Firestarting UFOs
Argentina: Background on Firestarting UFOs
A fragment of the article "Fires of Unknown
Origin" by Scott Corrales (FATE Magazine, 2006)
When is a fire not a fire?
As night settles over the Pampa – the vast expanse of Argentinean flatland that transcends the confines of the province named after it – strange sights are seen by those who make it their business to be up after dark: hunters lying in wait for large boars to appear out of the darkness, lonely truckers making their way along unlit roads to make much-needed deliveries in small towns, and farmers looking for stray animals. The farms known as estancias pepper the emptiness much like stars filling the night sky, separated by many miles between and invisible to each other.
Sometimes, the impenetrable cloak of darkness is broken by an unearthly sight: the sudden appearance of a large dome of light that emerges from the short, scrub trees, casting a blood-red glow over the emptiness, suggesting the sudden start of a prairie fire that will devour the scrub vegetation in a matter of minutes, trapping the hapless observer in a wall of flames.
This is exactly what was reported by a group of hunters in the Pampa in August 1996: after witnessing the unearthly glow and the bloody flames, they thought their fate had been sealed by a rogue prairie fire, but as they sought a means of escape, they realized that they could not hear the trademark sign of a fire despite the approaching glow. This caused them to pause and look at the luminous dome at the center of the conflagration, which despite its reddish glow and yellow-orange core, did not produce any smoke: “the fire that is not a fire”, as it is known.
Julio Orozco, a deputy sergeant with the La Pampa police, witnessed many of these “unfires” throughout his life, mainly near his hometown of 25 de Mayo. In 1995, according to a report provided by Gaceta Ovni magazine (www.gacetaovni.com) Orozco and an assistant were patrolling some government offices in this empty region when both men noticed what appeared to be a large, raging fire in the distance. “…I saw a light that glared brighter than hell. Ordering my assistant to load shovels into the truck to fight the blaze, I phoned the firefighters in 25 de Mayo come to the scene. As I changed out of my uniform, my assistant came over to say the conflagration had put itself out. I thought it was a joke or that we had all gone crazy; a fire of that magnitude simply doesn’t snuff itself out.”
Yet Orozco struggled in vain to find the least ember of the massive dome of fire that had prompted him to call for help. After phoning the fire brigade once more to report a false alarm, he headed toward where the dome of light had been seen for a closer look.
“We went to Medanitos, to the oil fields, but saw nothing. We headed for the petrochemical plant to see if one of the burners had gone off, but nothing. No sooner did we get out of our pickup truck, a group of workers ran over to us asking if we’d seen the fire. According to them, it had been some six kilometers distant. They attested to the fact that none of the refinery’s burners were in operation at the time.”
Villagers have reported that huge trees known as ombus (phytolacca dioica) have been seen burning from their lofty crowns, consumed from above by a fire that does not involve combustion; one such tree in the province of Entre Rios was burned to the ground in such a manner, with no traces of a fire anywhere in evidence.
But strange objects have also been seen causing vast conflagrations: the fields on the city of Londres, Rioja Province, in the Andean foothills, were torched by the maneuvers of a “firestarting UFO” that disgorged a fireball on the fateful night of August 13, 1982 while two police officers looked on in utter disbelief from their patrol car. It was suggested that the unidentified object had deliberately waited for gale-force winds to blow down from the mountains before releasing the gout of flame, causing fire to devour the vineyards and groves of this largely agricultural region. The Buenos Aires’ Clarin and La Cronica newspapers covered the shocking story. Curiously enough, the ancient cultures of the Andean valleys had worshipped the fire god Pachacamac. Could the deity have come to collect his long overdue share of the harvest?
Startling though it may seem to us, the phenomenon of sudden fiery masses descending from above has been going on for centuries: La Vision de los Vencidos, the compilation of Aztec chronicles that recounts the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors and the strange omens that heralded the end of Aztec civilization include a strange account involving a "tongue of flame" (not a lightning bolt) descending from a clear night sky onto the straw-roofed temple of Huitzilopotchli, leveling the shrine and spreading panic among the citizens of Tenochtitlan. The Bible also offers us episodes in which sudden torrents of fire would descend from the heavens-- either consume a sacrifice or destroy an enemy.
In Chile, during a UFO flap that lasted from the April 25 to May 25 1977, the residents of the village of Vilcun looked on in terror as an immense "flying saucer" approached their homes at low altitude. The vehicle spun furiously on its axis and launched tongues of flame at the ground, making an "unbearable din" as it did so. The case's authenticity was verified by the GIFE (Grupo Investigativo de Fenomenos Extraterrestres). The investigators detected a sharp rise in radiation throughout the area.
In April 2006, the Institute of Hispanic Ufology reported a case involving a UFO – allegedly witnessed and photographed by police officers – that hovered over a scorched region of the Mexican state of San Luis Potosi that burned to ashes as a consequence of an overwhelming conflagration.
Cattle ranchers in the vicinity of Tamuin were bewildered by the saucer-shaped craft, which hovered in plain sight for an unspecified number of minutes. Whether the unknown object was inspecting its handiwork or just happened to be attracted by the devastation is unknown; the fact remains that the blaze on March 10, 2006 torched a thousand hectares of pastures and the small peasant settlements with their respective small farms and ranches. The losses in livestock and farm equipment were equally high.
Strange fires were also unleashed that day in Valles, San Vicente, Tamasopo, El Naranjo, Ciudad del Maiz and other municipalities, causing temperatures to rise to nearly 45 degrees Centigrade.
There was no loss of human life in any of the cases mentioned above. This, however, has not been the case in every single event of this nature…
posted by Inexplicata at 3:29 AM
Some info in English is in this post: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2006/10/28/meteorite-burns-a-german-cottage/#comment-22858
Especially, since one of the local witnesses said in an interview to the local TV that
he saw a bright object as big as a football flying towards the horizon. See also the
video in the following article:
(http://www.wdr.de/themen/panorama/brand03/troisdorf__meteorit/index.jhtml?rubrikenstyle=panorama) Interstingly enough, the eyewitness did NOT mention any noise coming
from the “meteor”.
According to the eyewitness, the object was as big as a football and flew over quite a distance when he observed it. Pranksters would have to be really talented to manage somehting like that.
The trajectory however is quite interestingly: The object landed near the meadows of the river “Sieg”. And the eyewitnesses were all living in the vicinity and told that the object was flying towards the meadows - meaning the object would have originated in the North seen from the river.
Fireballs may cause ball lightning
Wednesday, 1 December 2010 Carl Holm
Strange phenomena An astrophysicist believes he has come up with a plausible explanation to a series of strange phenomena seen four years ago, which may explain ball lightning and some UFO sightings.
On the evening of 16 May 2006 people across a wide area of Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern New South Wales saw at least three bright green fireballs streak across the sky. Similar sightings were also made from New Zealand.
A farmer from Greenmount, 28 kilometres south of Toowoomba, says after seeing one of these fireballs land behind a nearby ridge, a pale green ball rolled down a hill and "was seen to bounce over a rock".
Dr Stephen Hughes of Queensland University of Technology has investigated the phenomena and his findings appear today in Proceedings of the Royal Society A.
The farmer who observed the ball says it was approximately 30 centimetres in diameter and glowed green with the intensity of a 75 watt bulb. It descended from the ridge immediately after the fireball passed overhead. No trace of any meteoric fragments were found in the area.
Hughes says the most likely explanation he could find is that it could have been a form of ball lightning associated with the fireball.
"If it was something solid, 30 centimetres in size, it wouldn't just roll gently down the hill," hesays. "There'd be a whacking great crater there and a huge explosion.'
"It sounded almost like a very light sort of beach-ball type of movement. I thought straight away this was an electrical phenomenon. Ball lightning was the closest thing I could come up with. It's certainly not a meteorite."
He says the fireball may have momentarily provided an electrical connection between the ionosphere and the ground, thus providing energy for the ball lightning.
Hughes says that it's possible such connections could create a wide range of strange phenomena, and could be behind some hitherto unexplainable UFO sightings.
Source of the fireballs
Hughes says the green fireballs were most likely debris from a comet that had passed close to Earth several months before.
"It (the green fireballs) was definitely something from space and of meteoric origin as opposed to space junk," he says. "A green fireball is a lump of rock coming in from space, more massive than one kilogram. That's probably going to be something about the size of a lemon or an apple."
Hughes says that the fireballs were most likely debris from comet 73P Schwassmann-Wachmann 3, which had passed close to Earth about four months earlier.
"There are [Hubble] space telescope images and doppler studies, [which] were used to measure the speed of the fragments being ejected from the comet," he says.
Based on this information, Hughes says the debris would have taken about 120 days to reach Earth.
He adds given that the sightings fall in a line from New Zealand through to Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory, strengthens the suggestion Earth passed through the trail of debris.
Another news report:
Space debris may cause mysterious ball lightning 00:01 01 December 2010 by Wendy Zukerman
Space debris falling into the atmosphere may cause mysterious ball lightning.
Thousands of people have seen floating orbs of light, sometimes during thunderstorms, but their origin has never been established.
Earlier this year, scientists proposed that ball lightning was merely a hallucination caused by magnetic fluctuations during storms.
However, the weather was clear when Don Vernon, a farmer in Queensland, Australia, spotted two green balls descending from the sky on 16 May 2006. Oddly, the second rolled down a hill, bounced over a rock and then vanished.
Stephen Hughes, an astrophysicist at the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, set up an online survey to find out more. More than 100 people, scattered over a 600-kilometre-long strip along Australia's east coast, reported seeing a bright fireball like the first green ball that Vernon saw, but no else saw the bouncing ball.
The observations suggest that the first orb was probably a bright meteor caused by debris from Comet 73P, which came closer to Earth at that time than any other comet in 20 years. The second, Hughes says, was ball lightning triggered by the meteor.
The cometary debris ionised the atmospheric gas it passed through, boosting the current that normally flows between the ionosphere – an electrically charged region in the upper atmosphere – and the ground, Hughes believes.
When this "supercharged" conduit hit the soil, it formed a plasma ball, he argues. He says impacting space junk might also produce the effect.
"It is certainly plausible," says John Lattanzio, an astrophysist at Monash University in Victoria, Australia. But he adds: "It's almost impossible to prove anything with such an ephemeral event as this."
John Lowke, a ball lighting researcher at Australia's national science agency in Sydney, says space debris probably does not explain all observed ball lighting.
During a storm, when most observations have been reported, Lowke says, "it's far more likely that the electrical current is coming from a thundercloud 5 kilometres above the ground, rather than a direct line to the ionosphere 100 kilometres away."
Here is the text of the BBC news story of Dec. 1, 2010 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11877842
By Jonathan Amos Science correspondent, BBC News
A fireball is caught on camera over Brisbane
Some UFO sightings could be explained by ball lightning and other atmospheric phenomena, claims Australian astrophysicist Stephen Hughes.
The scientist has made a detailed study of an unusual event in 2006 when large meteors were observed over Brisbane.
Their appearance occurred at the same time as a brilliant green object was seen to roll over nearby mountains.
Dr Hughes has put forward a theory linking the object - presumed to be ball lighting - to the fireballs.
His idea is that one of the fireballs may have momentarily triggered an electrical connection between the upper atmosphere and the ground, providing energy for the ball lightning to appear above the hills.
He has written up his explanation in a journal of the Royal Society.
Dr Hughes says the extraordinary episode, which occurred during a night of fine weather, is just the sort of happening that might lead some to think they had witnessed UFO activity.
"If you put together inexplicable atmospheric phenomena, maybe of an electrical nature, with human psychology and the desire to see something - that could explain a lot of these UFO sightings," he told BBC News.
The scientist, who is a senior lecturer at the Queensland University of Technology, initiated the study after being called in by the local TV station to look over and explain photos of the fireballs captured by members of the public on camera phones.
Fireballs are exceptionally bright meteors and are produced by fragments of space rock larger than the sand-grain-sized particles responsible for shooting stars; but like shooting stars they cross the sky at great speed.
It seems at least three individual fireballs were seen on the night of 16 May 2006.
A subsequent survey organised by the university brought forward many more eyewitnesses, including a farmer who recalled seeing a luminous green ball rolling down a slope of the Great Divide, a mountainous ridge about 120km west of Brisbane.
This object described as being about 30cm in diameter appeared to jump over some rocks and follow the path of a metal fence for "some minutes". The farmer said he saw the green object come into view just after a fireball had passed overhead.
He thought at first he was witnessing a plane crash and called the police, but a search the following day found no wreckage.
Ball lightning seems an obvious explanation, says Dr Hughes. These bright, hovering spheres of light are not fully understood. They are known to be associated with thunderstorms, but not always, and there was certainly no electrical storm activity in the vicinity of the Great Divide.
Dr Hughes does not offer a new explanation for the causes of ball lightning, merely how enough energy might have been put into the ground to trigger it.
He proposes that the natural flow of current that exists between the upper-most reaches of the atmosphere, the ionosphere, and the ground was increased by the passage of the meteor that streamed charged particles and other conductive materials in its wake.
"Could it be that the meteor descending through the atmosphere, having passed through the ionosphere, actually created a transient conductive connection between the ionosphere and the ground, even if it was only for a few seconds? Was that enough to put charge into the ground, and then with the discharge form some kind of plasma ball above?
"Think of the ionosphere and the ground as the terminals on the battery and you put a wire between those two terminals and current flows, and literally you get a spark."
Other scientists have suggested that charges dissipating through the ground can create balls of glowing ionised gas above it.
Dr John Abrahamson from the University of Canterbury, NZ, championed the idea 10 years ago that ball lightning consisted of vaporised mineral grains kicked out of the soil by a conventional lightning strike, an idea later tested with some success by Brazilian researchers.
He described Dr Hughes' work as "relatively feasible" and something which made "interesting connections".
"There's a long way to go before everyone will be happy and satisfied that we have a full solution," he told BBC News.
Dr Hughes said his publication in Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences was intended to start a debate.
"It's not a vigorous theory; it's more a suggestion that may be worth exploring," he said.
Hughes, Stephen W. (2010) Green fireballs and ball lightning. Royal Society of London. Proceedings A. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. (In Press)
This paper presents evidence of an apparent connection between ball lightning and a green fireball. On the evening of the 16th May 2006 at least three fireballs were seen by many people in the skies of Queensland, Australia. One of the fireballs was seen passing over the Great Divide about 120 km west of Brisbane, and soon after, a luminous green ball about 30 cm in diameter was seen rolling down the slope of the Great Divide. A detailed description given by a witness indicates that the phenomenon was probably a highly luminous form of ball lightning. An hypothesis presented in this paper is that the passage of the Queensland fireball meteor created an electrically conductive path between the ionosphere and ground, providing energy for the ball lightning phenomenon. A strong similarity is noted between the Queensland fireball and the Pasamonte fireball seen in New Mexico in 1933. Both meteors exhibit a twist in the tail that could be explained by hydrodynamic forces. The possibility that multiple sightings of fireballs across South East Queensland were produced owing to fragments from comet 73P Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 is discussed.
Mystery surrounds green 'comet'
May 17, 2006
By ninemsn staff
An unidentified green object streaked across the Queensland sky last night, before landing on a property between Toowoomba and Warwick near the Great Dividing Range.
Farmer Don Vernon lives on the property next to where the object hit the ground, and watched it come in to land.
"I was finished on the farm and driving home, and as I came in the gate I faced this enormous green ball of light with a white centre.
"It disappeared behind a ridge and I immediately drove out over the ridge without stopping so I was there in a few minutes.
"When I turned the lights off the car I saw a glowing green ball up on the ridge three-quarters of a mile away and a smaller piece was rolling down the side of the ridge. They were both glowing green," he said.
Mr Vernon, who is in his seventies, said the object landed on a steep section of land that was covered in undergrowth and was not easily accessible.
"It was a brilliant light before it landed," he says. "A bit like a green sun. I rang a neighbour and asked if he had found superman."
Astronomers are uncertain whether the object was a piece of space junk or a meteorite, however Jim Barclay from the Maidenwell Observatory suspects it was part of a satellite or some rocket casing.
"The description that I received from phone calls was that it was of a greeny blue colour which typically suggests something metallic," Mr Barclay said.
"Over 20,000 pieces of space junk are currently hurtling around the earth and they have to come back down. If this had landed on someone's house though it could have killed someone," he said.
The object, which looked like a comet, was spotted by hundreds of people and airport control towers across south-east Queensland at around 6:30pm last night.
My comments: Here I don't comment on the 'comet produced ball-lightning' idea. Similar ideas appeared from time to time. In my opinion in the Australian 2006 event it would be more plausible to propose that all the green objects were ball-lightning-like, i.e. geophysical fireballs (meteors), than to say that a green 'cometary-origin' fireball produced another green fireball but of 'geophysical nature'.
Anyway in my opinion this research is a step forward to understanding that some 'meteors' are geophysical origin! By the way there was a swarn of unexplained green fireballs in the south-western USA in the late 1940s-early 1950s. The Australian research could help better understand them.
Here I just add some total cloudiness data from nomad3.ncep.noaa.gov . As it can be seen the event occured near the (slow advancing) cloudiness's border.
00Z, May 16
06Z, May 16
12Z, May 16
The event took place near the Brazilian town of Santo Antonio de Jesus ( 13.0S, 39.3W) about
22.20 UTC on March 6, 2006.
Here is a summary of the witness's accounts based on the abovementioned sources.
Some families in the region met the dawn without a sleep with fear of what they had seen.
An immense fireball crossed the sky. After it fell a fire reached at least 30 meters of height.
Initially, the residents thought that a small airplane had fallen in the region, provoking the fire that burnt part of the vegetation.
After searching the area, military policemen had evidenced that the accident had been provoked for the fall of a meteorite.
"The impact was so great that trees had been broken and five holes had appeared in the ground", said lieutenant David Borges, who commanded the operation. The fall area is in dense bush.
The agricultora Paulina de Jesus, who saw the fire during the fall of the meteorite, said to the policy that she was very scared. "Vi with clarity an immense fire ball crossing the sky, close to my house. When it fell, everything was very fast, and soon the fire reached at least 30 meters of height."
Two astronomers of the Antares Observatory (from the not-far-away town of Feira de Santana) had searched the area for the meteorite, but has found no any meteorites. According to some accounts the fireball splitted/divided into two. One of them had fallen over trees and bushes and started a large fire at once. The other one kept flying and disapeared over a hill, leaving behind the site where the first fireball had fallen.
Now let's look at the associated cloudiness data.
Below are GOES-12 satellite infrared (band 4) pictures for the region (taken from www.class.noaa.gov) centered at the fall point.
9.45Z, March 6
13.15Z, March 6
17.45Z, March 6
18.45Z, March 6
19.15Z, March 6
19.45Z, March 6
20.15Z, March 6
20.45Z, March 6
21.15Z, March 6
21.45Z, March 6
22.15Z, March 6
22.45Z, March 6
23.15Z, March 6
23.45Z, March 6
00.45Z, March 7
01.15Z, March 7
01.45Z, March 7
02.15Z, March 7
03.45Z, March 7
07.15Z, March 7
10.15Z, March 7
It can be seen that a border of a large cloud's formation was just to the west of the area of the event at about the time of the event.
http://www.theomahachannel.com/news/4672177/detail.html Fairbury Man Says He Was Nearly Hit By Meteorite NU Professors Examining Rock The Omaha Channel (Nebraska) June 30, 2005 FAIRBURY, Neb. -- A Fairbury man was watering his yard last week when he had a very rare and close encounter with a possible meteorite. Brad Kinzie was out watering his yard in the wee hours of the morning Saturday -- trying to avoid the hottest period of the day -- when an object whizzed by his head and landed. "It came over my head, probably, about a foot and a half. I could feel the breeze," Kinzie said. "It was silver and it kind of had red and black on the back of it and smoke." The object landed about 65 feet from where Kinzie was watering. "I stood ... here looking at it, 'cause it was still glowing. I says, 'Wow,'" Kinzie said. Kinzie left it there to cool off, and made two wishes on his falling star. "One of my wishes came true. My oldest brother wasn't speaking to my sister for two years. They got back together," he said. Kinzie is checking with University of Nebraska astronomy professors to see if it is a real meteorite. If it is, Kinzie is in very rare company. The chances of this close of an encounter are one in 100 billion, expert said.. "I just been busy, people calling me on the phone," Kinzie said. Kinzie wouldn't say what his second wish is. After all, he said, it hasn't come true yet. "Only once in a 100 billion years, and it will probably never happen to me again," he said. Kinzie said if it is a meteorite, he will probably sell it. Collectors have been known to pay thousands of dollars for rare meteorites.And here is the follow-up:
http://www.journalstar.com/articles/2005/08/26/local/doc430e8e857fc80624684544.txt Expert: Object is no meteorite By JONNIE TATE FINN Lincoln Journal Star (Nebraska) August 26, 2005 Brad Kinzie's life was changed when something glowing and smoking whizzed over his head in the early morning hours of June 24. The 50-year-old Fairbury man thought it was a meteorite. Others thought something just might have hit him in the head. Local TV news crews and radio talk show hosts speculated on the object's authenticity, while representatives from NASA and universities across the country called to confirm Kinzie's story. He stood by it. "They made jokes about me on the radio," Kinzie said. "But I didn't care. What? They think someone just threw a burning rock at me in the middle of the night?" Kinzie believed the meteorite theory so much he stored it in a safety deposit box at a Fairbury bank. "I heard it could be worth thousands," Kinzie said. "You only live once. That's why I want to see if I can sell it, you know, after I get it tested at the university." So Kinzie scheduled an appointment to have the rock analyzed by a technician Thursday at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. This was to be the object's first test. But after Kinzie drove the 70 miles from Fairbury, the small, porous object was not examined as he was told it would be. Instead, UNL emeritus professor Sam Treves, who studies the structure, composition and classification of rocks, told Kinzie the technician who was to test the specimen was on another assignment. But Treves prodded the object, examined it under a hand lens and concluded Kinzie's sample was probably not a meteorite. He showed Kinzie examples of genuine space rock. "See," said Treves, holding up the smooth, heavy form of an iron meteorite. "The external features on a meteorite are very distinctive, because they're ablating as they enter Earth's atmosphere and that creates that smooth surface." Treves said Kinzie's object closely resembled volcanic rock because of its porous and glassy look. However, volcanic rock doesn't drop from the sky and isn't found naturally in a place like Fairbury. "I can tell you where to get other opinions," Treves told Kinzie, handing back the rock. "The fact that it was a fall and not a find is very important. "One thing is for sure: It's not an iron meteorite. I'm sorry." Treves said technicians would still analyze the specimen to see if it's a stony meteorite. A sample will be cut from the rock and ground down to 30 microns - really thin. They will look for chondrules, which are grainlike structures embedded in some stony meteorites. "I'm going to find out for sure if it is or isn't," a disappointed Kinzie said as he walked out of Morrill Hall. "It just has to be."
Here is a couple of the regional maps
Local weather from the nearest meteo-station is here for: June 24, and June 25
GOES-12 satellite infrared (~ 10 micron - band 4) pictures (taken from www.class.noaa.gov) show that the event occured when the place was near a border of a cloud's field. Below are the pictures centered at the place and taken at about:
20.40 Z, June 24
00.45 Z, June 25
03.31 Z, June 25
04.31 Z, June 25
05.31 Z, June 25
05.45 Z, June 25
06.15 Z, June 25
06.31 Z, June 25
06.45 Z, June 25
07.01 Z, June 25
07.15 Z, June 25
07.31 Z, June 25
08.31 Z, June 25
09.31 Z, June 25
12.45 Z, June 25
15.25 Z, June 25
Reading a news item abute falling of a suspected
shooting star, I commenced researching on the topic.
Investigate it hardly fortunately, my native friend
(Reza Tayyeb Taher) sent me the considerable results.
What happened in "SHUSHTAR" - KHOZESTAN province - in
the South West of Iran - in "SHO'EY'BIEH" area.
On April.19, around 5 a.m, household woke up suddenly with a harsh, shocking explosion noise. Begin shocked and confused, they found the adjacent room in the blaze.
After while the fire was put out, but the roof collapsed.
Though investigating the rains, they could find nothing as a cavse.
Not hint of any blow to the roof, curvature, melting, etc was discovered.
What did the witness see?
A man who lived in a neighboving home said: he was sleeping in the yard, when he saw a shining object of diameter 15cm which passed about 8 meters from above his head and moved quickly towards that room in horizontal direction.
According to his statement, the object pass the wall then exploded and set the room in fire.
The eye witness described the aforementioned object as follow:
a) It was a shining, hit ball-like with a dark light which did not attract the eyes.
b) It also caused a whistle sound and moved very fast.
c) The man managed only two observe ten meters of the ball's route.
d) It is estimated intensity of the light that was around -6.
e) After entering the room the ball blows up and caved the fire.
Differences between this event and the event in
1- Unlike this case in which the speed was hight, in Babol event the speed was too low and the ball was almost floating above the ground and spread some sparkles around.
2- The ball size of Babol's event was about 30cm.
3- It was reported movement of ball in Babol's case was in vertical direction.
On my request Iman Naderi also sent me some meteorological data.
The weather report of the event day is follow: Location HVAZ (20Km) HUSHTAR (10Km) SHO'EY'BIEH Date 19.Apr 19.Apr 19.Apr Time 7:30am 7:30am 6:30am Air pressure(hPa) 1011.7 1006.0 --- emperature(dry)(Deg. C) 19.2 21.0 13.4 Temperature(wet)(Deg. C) 13.2 13.0 12.2 Cloudy 0% 0% 25% Humidity 46% 34% 87%
Here are my comments. First, it is nice to know that Iranian researchers got
interested in such phenomena. By the way, this also shows that such phenomena
may be not rare.
Please pay attention that in the West the town is used to be known as Shooshtar (32.04 N, 48.86E). Here is some more weather info for nearby towns:
Ahwaz (31.3 N, 48.7 E)
Ali-Goodarz (32.4 N, 49.7 E)
Masjed-Soleyman (32.0 N, 49.3 E)
Safi-Abad Dezful (32.3 N, 48.4 E)
Below is cloudiness in the region averaged for
18-24 Z, April 18
0-6 Z, April 19
6-12 Z, April 19
12-18 Z, April 19
As can be seen, the cloudiness gradually raised after the event, but I can't say that the upsurge was strong. Possibly the most important is that the event took place at the time of high relative humidity. If so, this could explain why reported "not-bad weather" events (see also the Babol event of Jan.2, 2004) in Iran happened in the very early morning, as local temperature often has a minimum at that time, and so relative humidity is often the highest.
Here is from http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/2004/sep/m17-013.shtml
Source: El Sureno http://www.surenio.com.ar/index.php?s=ARligwdw$$diarios/veo$WWW514sykpc3vct Date: September 15, 2004 Witnesses Claim Seeing Fireball Crash Behind The Martial Glacier ***In Ushuaia*** This occurred last night and could be seen from various parts of the city. A witness who was able to see the phenomenon is a scientist with CONICET. The possibility of a flare was dismissed due to its size. Numerous phone calls were made to Civil Defense. USHUAIA - Several residents of the city of Ushuaia saw a fireball fall from the sky last night after 20:00 hrs., resulting in an incessant number of phone calls to emergency services centers. One of these witnesses happneed to be Dr. Rogelio Acevedo, a geologist who is a scientific researchers with CONICET, whom at the time was taking his son to School No. 13 and saw the "bolide" at the level of the Martial Glacier but behind it. The scientist said that it was a mass of white, green and yellow hues, although this is the least important aspect. Regarding the possibility that it could be a flare, he dismissed it on account of its size. But this man, an expert in the field, was not the only witness to the space phenomenon. Although many people contacted the Municipal Civil Defense to ask questions, they said the colors were of different shades. Again, not a significant consideration. A resident of the outskirts of Ushuaia maintained that he can determine the area where this object fell, since he has cattle in the area. The man claimed having heard an explosion after seeing this object fall. The possibility that it could have been a meteorite has not been dismissed. The possibility of a rescue group visiting the site to ascertain the nature of the object was being discussed last night. Translation (c) 2004 Scott Corrales IHU Special thanks to Guillermo Gimenez - Planeta UFO
And here is from http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/2004/sep/m22-018.shtml
Source: El Sureno (newspaper) Date: September 17, 2004 Unlikely Objects Found in Area Where 'Fireballs' Fell The elements were recovered by members of the Special Services Division of the Police, who took photographs of the Valle de Andora region. Experts from CADIC shall try to ascertain their origin. USHUAIA -- Unlikely objects were found in the forested area located behind the Le Martial Glacier, where the luminous objects reported late Tuesday and Wednesday allegedly fell. The objects were recovered by personnel of the Special Services Division of the provincial police, who scoured the area. The objects and some photos taken in the area shall be submitted for analysis by experts of the Centro Austral de Investigaciones Cientificas (CADIC). No details on the items found were put forth, but it was learned that they did not correspond to the characteristics of the area. The survey in Valle Andorra and the Le Martial Grlacier - indicated as the sites of the fireball impacts - will continue today, weather permitting. Strong winds are forecasted for today, according to the weather report issued by official agencies. The new projected expedition may include scientists from CADIC interested in discovering "in situ" the conditions under which the strange elements were found, and which drew the attention of police researchers. It is worth noting that Dr. Acevedo, a member of this research center, was one of the witnesses to the fall of strange luminous bodies over the skies of Ushuaia. Acevedo suspects that the objects could be the remains of a meteorite or otherwise of a satellite tha burned out upon reentry into Earth's atmosphere. Readers will remember that on Tuesday night, almost at the same time -- between 20:30 and 21:00, over a hundred residents of Ushuaia alerted the Civil Defense and the Police about "fireballs" falling behind the Martial Glacier. The phenomenon was also seen on Wednesday by residents of the city of Rio Grande. There were even rumors yesterday that new luminous objects had fallen from the sky around 9:00 o'clock at night. Translation (C) 2004 Scott Corrales IHU Special thanks to Guillermo Gimenez, Planeta UFO
And from http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/2004/sep/m22-019.shtml
Source: El Sure=F1o (Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego) - Argentina Date: September 19, 2004 **Behind Le Martial Glacier** Part Of Forest Destroyed By Mysterious 'Fireballs' Traces of destruction in a forested area measuring 150 square meters: that is what was found in the area in which the mysterious "fireballs" impacted. Sheared pastures were found in another area. The most curious detail, which was made known yesterday, is that the damage was caused in the upper part of the trees -- some eight meters above the ground -- and that no prints were found on the ground that could serve as evidence for the collision of some strange object. This appeared in a report broadcast by the "Botella al Mar" news portal based on an expedition conducted by two individuals to the alleged "fireball" impact site. The report mentions Fernando Garc=EDa and Roberto Ceballos, who were in a forested area located behind the Le Martial Glacier and who took photos of the damage inflicted upon some 40 trees. The expeditionaries ascertained the existence of some "thirty or forty uprooted trees, some of them broken in half and others exploded, all of them lying on the ground in a south-north direction." It should be noted that a group of policemen from the Special Services Division also took photos at the site where the "fireballs" allegedly fell. It is reported that pasture areas appear as though having been cut by a lawnmower, and that the imprint of a long trail was left behind, as if an object had been dragged along several meters. Translation (c) 2004 Scott Corrales Institute of Hispanic Ufology Special thanks to Christian Quintero, Planeta UFO
And here is from http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/2004/sep/m22-001.shtml
Source: La Otra Realidad Date: September 20, 2004 Argentina: Shattered Trees Found At Impact Area Expedition found no craters and the mystery increases 9-20-2004 - (17:05) - The strange object that fell from the sky a few days ago behind the mountain range of the Martial Glacier, and which was seen by at least a dozen residents of the city of Ushuaia, caused damage to at least 150 square meters of forested area within the National Park, but no visible marks were found on the ground following the impact. This has increased the mystery surrounding the celestial event that caused wonder among the Fuegian population. The "fireball", described thus by the press to counter act the lack of scientific details on the nature of the phenomenon, destroyed a considerable number of trees as it feel toward the Earth's surface, converting the impact site into a tree-clearing location. Some trees were sheared off at a height of some eight meters. But researchers would like to double-check this information and shall set out tomorrow toward the site that was first surveyed by a police patrol that took photos and some soil samples. One of the investigators to visit the site will be Daniel Acevedo, a witness to the episode that captured the public's imagination. He plans to collect samples of the local sandstone to ascertain if there are pieces of metal or any material foreign to the Fuegian geography. Acevedo will visit the epicenter of the crash accompanied by a forestry engineer who will determine if the condition in which the trees were found, in an area measuring "more or less forty meters across", as described by witnesses, correspond to human intervention, wind action or the consequences of the phenomenon being investigated. For the time being, scientists have dismissed the possibility that it could have been a meteorite, since the impact would have involved a rock that usually leaves unconceivable traces of its impact against our planet. Nor have they discarded the possibility that Earth may have traversed the path of some comet and that these "fireballs" could be part of the evidence. The survey headed by experts from the Centro Austral de Investigations Cientificas (Cadic) shall be essential to define the characteristics of the event and put an end to this week- long mystery. A five-hour long expedition on foot conducted by Fernando Garcia and Roberto Ceballos, authors of the photographs published in today's issue of Botella al mar, verified the existence of "thirty to forty uprooted trees, some shattered in half and others exploded, all of them lying on the ground in a south- north direction." It would seem that Garcia and Ceballos reached the same spot discovered by a local police patrol, but with a difference of a few meters. This means that there are at least two impact sites and this increases the number of traces of the event to be confirmed. It should be recalled that residents of Ushuaia witnessed - on two consecutive nights - how two strange objects fell to the ground. Numerous phone calls were made to the Municipal Office of the Civil Defense and the Police to report the sighting, which was described at the time as "a multicolored fireball that fell behind the Martial Glacier." Translation (c) 2004 Scott Corrales Institute of Hispanic Ufology (IHU) Special thanks to Jose Mart=EDnez E.
And here are several pictures of the area taken from http://www.infobae.com/notas/nota.php?Idx=141808&IdxSeccion=100459
and a couple of larger pictures from
It looks like the area of damaged trees shown is larger than reported 150 square meters, but it is hard to judge from the pictures.
And here is from http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/2004/sep/m23-002.shtml
Source: Botella al Mar.com Date: 9-22-04 Fireball Crash Site: "There's a rage in that place" One of the expedtionaries who walked to the site where the strange objects fell from the sky on Tuesday and Wednesday last week held an extensive chat with a journalist from Botella al Mar. Fernando Garcia described his journey to the mouth of Caaadon Negro in Valle de Andorra and the discovery of a 150 square meter area with trees found in positions that are hard to interpret. While the conclusions reached by CADIC scientists who also visited the impact site are expected, the following is the transcript of the interview with the Ushuaia resident. What made you go to the alleged crash site? Like everyone else in the city, I heard the story of lights falling from the sky last Tuesday and Wednesday. The fact is that I didn't give it much importance. On Saturday I heard a journalist explain that the police officers who'd visited the site hadn't found anything strange, but had indeed found flattened trees. And that was strange to me. Then I phoned my friend Roberto (Ceballos) a backwoodsman who knows the area well, and asked him to come with me. Just out of mere curiosity? Exactly, nothing more. Above all because the toppled trees intrigued me. Why did that suprise you? It gave the story a certain veracity. If people saw fireballs come down and there are toppled trees, then there is a certain coherence [to the story] and it was necessary to take a look. That's why on Saturday night we got everything ready and we went out on Sunday at 7:30 a.m.. Which is the exact site? It's the mouth of Canadon Negro en Valle de Andorra. I wouldn't like to give much more detail until the scientists have been. How long did you walk to get there? Once you know the place you can get there faster. We had no clues to go by and were just looking for something strange. But I figure that we walked some two and a half to three hours. Can the site be clearly made out? Clearly. The sensation upon reaching the site is that a plane crashed there, and you're expecting to see bits of metal plating dangling from the trees. That's the image. What's incredible is that when you penetrate the place, there's nothing at all to be found. There's nothing strange within the strangeness. Only 150 square meters of toppled woods. Imagine four walls and in the middle, all of the trees are overturned, fallen, all of them piled exactly from north to south. All of them toward the same place. In the north, where the object presumably fell, the tree trunks are sheared off at a height of six to eight meters, from greater to lesser, as though the object came in at a slant. Your opinion is that an object fell? Yes, yes, but it's odd, because the fallen trunks are in perfect state, as though the object hadn't quite finished falling yet. Their bark is intact. There is no trace of anything being burned, no dust, nothing. Could the wind have toppled the trees? I don't think so, because in one of the photos I took, and in which I asked my companion to stand beside a trunk as a reference, it can be seen that the trees had diameter of 70 centimieter. If there had been wind, it is hard to understand the direction of the gusts. The site isn't like a letter "U", with an entrance leading to the valley. It's an enclosure. It's as if a giant dinosaur had placed its giant foot in the middle of a forest, but never quite finished setting it down. The only possibility I can think of is that a tornado or whirlwind entered the area, caused the damage, and retreated in the contrary direction. A tornado? Yes, but that wasn't it, because it would have scattered branches everywhere, not piled from north to south. If the wind was responsible, the ground vegetation would have been damaged, and it was in perfect conditions. Would it be easy to see the area from the air? Of course, because it is easy to see that the breaks in the trees are no more than four days old. In some parts you could see tree sap, because the trunks had exploded. For this reason the collapse of tree-trunks in a domino-like arrangement would have to be discarded, because the trees are very close to each other. The first one can fall to the side and strike a second and then a third, but that's where the chain reaction stops. This is different: there are tree-trunks that appear to have been blown away from within by a stick of dynamite. All of the trunks are frayed on the same side. If there was such great external pressure, at least the roots would have moved. None of that happened. Translation (c) 2004 Scott Corrales Institute of Hispanic Ufology Special thanks to Christian Quintero, Planeta UFO
And here is some development from http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/updates/2004/sep/m27-014.shtml
Source: Las Ultimas Noticias (LUN) Date: September 26, 2004 Talk of tornadoes, fallen satellites and saucer crashes Mysterious Treefalls in Patagonian Forest Sunday, September 26, 2004 The forest woke up on the ground. That simple, that strange. All of the trees occupying a space equivalent to a city block in that forest near Ushuaia had been uprooted, piled from north to south as if pointing toward the same location. Of course, speculation on what could have caused the strange phenomenon commenced immediately, according to INFOBAE.com According to the first explorers to reach the site, it seemed as if an aircraft had collided, with the exception that there was no fuselage lost among the branches. Locals told of having seen fireballs plunging from the sky days earlier, which - according to them - could have been the answer to the mystery. But none of the trees is burned. In the northern part of the now-mysterious site, the tree trunks had been severed at a height of six to seven meters, which validated for several witnesses the theory that the impact had been something - meteorite, UFO, satellite - falling from the sky. The Centro Austral de Investigaciones Cientificas tried to appease the excitement saying it could have been a volteo (overturning), in other words, "a kind of tornado that uproots trees," according to the explanation given by Rogelio Acevedo. But Acevedo acknowledged that research must go on, since the winds in the area weren't strong enough to uproot the trees. Translation (c) 2004 Scott Corrales IHU Special thanks to Guillermo Gimenez, Planeta UFO
Let's check whether meteorological situation was favourable for geophysical
meteors. Here is averaged and smoothed total (including all heights)
18-24 Z September 14
0-6 Z September 15
The pictures show that the cloudiness decreased after the event, which points to favourable conditions for geometeor's appearence.
I can't say that the meteorological situation was very favourable, as the drop of the cloudiness was not as sharp as in some other cases of geometeors, however it is remarkable that the place of the event was in a local [spatial] minimum of cloudiness after the event.
Data from Ushuaia meteorological station confirms the cloudiness decrease and reveals such details as that the event took place during the cloudiness's decline (in pdf-format and so demands free Adobe Acrobat Reader):
for September 14
for September 15
for September 16
So, what it could be?
From the limited data I have, for me the next explanations are the most probable:
- The forest-fall was not related with the fireball and was caused "just
by wind". As it is seen in the data of the Ushuaia meteo-station, there
was a wind blowing from NNW to SSE at about
the time of the event. This is in agreement that the trees put down from
N to S. But the problem is that the wind registered was too weak to
produce such a damage and that the damage was very localized. So
it should be proposed that there were some very strong and very localized
streams inside the wind. A shortcoming of the latter proposal is that the
meteo-station did not reported strong gusts of the wind, which are to be
expected in such case, and moreover such wind would produce many similar
forest-falls in the region. With the limited info
I have, it looks like this was not.
So while such a possibility can't be ruled out completely (with the limited info I have at least), it makes the idea not very likely (while a possibility of a solitary/rare strong localized downdraft like so called "burst swath" etc. should be checked by a meteorologist).
- The forest-fall was related with the fireball. The only practical
realization of this idea is a geophysical meteor. In reality this
explanation is not very far from the wind's one, and overcomes shortcoming
of the latter. Indeed, as observational data shows, a geophysical meteor
could be related with localized gusts of wind. It this case, probably
both phenomena are manifestations of some poorly understood processes
in the atmosphere.
By the way, it is important to mention that a ball-lightning could cut out trees (sometimes without any visible traces of a burn).
What to do?
- I think that it would be important to calculate a trajectory of the fireball from the witness'accounts to check whether it is in agreement with the forest-fall position. If it is in the agreement, it could be a crucial argument in favour of the geometeor explanation.
- Also the aerial survey of the forest-fall and the region is very desirable to understand details of the forest-fall, as well as presence or absence other similar forest-fall in the region.
- It would be reasonable to check conditions of the trees damaged to estimate the wind speed which could do the damage.
- It would be plausible if an experinced meteorologist check whether meteorological sitiation was favourable for the downdrafts (as "burst swath", etc.).
Hoping that this could help to find the answer.
Here is from http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2004-July/142363.html
I live in Casselberry, Seminole County, Florida. Whilst visiting my daughter on Sunday, July Fourth, 2004, and during a terrific lightning and tropical rainstorm, the lightning had died down, when suddenly, at about 8 p.m., a HUGE thundering sound rattled all the windows! It had been preceeded by an extremely bright light, that was golden instead of the usual whitish glare that is typical of a lightning bolt. A meteorite about the size of a VW (?) hit two miles West of our location, on Dog Track Road, near Highway 17-92, in Longwood, Seminole County, Florida. It hit in an open lot, but, the blast caused all of the glass in surrounding homes to blast out of the frames. Luckily, no one was injured! Finally, this morning, July 8, 2004, WDBO AM radio mentioned the 'big boom' on the Fourth of July, in their traffic report at 07:35 a.m.! We noted that lots of FBI agents had blocked off the area, and that it wasn't until Tuesday, July 6th, that NASA came in from the East Coast, and started poking around with their radiometers, in their decon suits. I cannot find any info anywhere on the Internet, local news channels, or on Cable TV! Doesn't anyone care? Last week, a meterorite the size of a bowling ball crashed into a yard and THAT was all over the news!
Patrick Berry, USAF (Retired) http://www.af.mil
Registered Linux User #65411 http://lugww.counter.li.org
http://knopper.net/knoppix http://distrowatch.com http://sourceforge.net
http://www.gpstudio.com/stux/downloads.html News-story appeared soon afterwards (http://www.wesh.com/news/3537421/detail.html):
Did Meteorite Strike Central Florida?
July 16, 2004
CASSELBERRY, Fla. -- Speculation about a July Fourth meteorite strike in
Seminole County has many area residents searching their yards for answers.
From Oviedo, to Maitland, to Casselberry, witnesses claim to have heard a large boom and saw bright flashes of light across the evening holiday skies, WESH NewsChannel 2 reported.
It's creating a meteorite buzz on local radio stations, WESH NewsChannel 2 reported.
"I saw this crazy light, and it was really bright," said Casselberry resident Diana Felise. "The entire house was rattling. We thought the pictures were going to fall off the wall."
If a meteor did strike the area, it is believed to have hit somewhere around Red Bug Road and state Road 434, but Casselberry police officials said they're convinced it was nothing more than a big bolt of lightning since there was a severe storm in the area that night.
"Lightning, thunderstorms, welcome to Florida," said Lt. Dennis Stewart of the Casselberry Police Department.
Many residents, however, still believe it was a meteorite. Rick Wega shot video of the bright lights and remains convinced it was not a storm-induced effect.
"The way it shook the ground isn't like no other lightning," said Wega, "I've been around a lot of lightning."
Experts, on the other hand, said that until someone finds a piece of a meteorite in the area, it will remain an unsolved mystery.
A meteorite is a small particle of matter that falls to Earth, and the last one to reportedly strike the area hit in Lake County in 1918. Because of such rarity, meteorites are very valuable, and in some cases, one gram of a meteorite can be valued at $10,000.
Analysis of meteorological data (see here)
shows that meteorological situation was favourable for geophysical meteors.
It would be interesting to check seismic station's data (whether some seismic disturbance was detected), and data of a lightning detection network.
Here is electronic (a little bit cleaned up) translation from Russian into English from Russian news-agency http://www.newsinfo.ru/?a=radio&sa=view_new&id=48229&y=x
Below is info I was able to collect in the Peruvian mass-media. As the later
is in Spanish, I translated it into English electronically by
Please, pay attention, that in some of the info also an appearence of a large hole/crater in the ground is mentioned. The latter one took place in the near-by (to the place of the Febr.2 event) province of Peru on January 31, and later the crater's appearence was determined to be of karst-like origin.
Also I marked some interesting places of the info by bold letters.
They do not find meteorite signs
WITH HOPE. Minaya engineer trusts the settled down coordinates and equipment GPS to find the place of the impact. MARCELO RODRIGUEZ In the next days will return with other equipment to install a camping bases APLAO. It is necessary to walk six hours to find the supposed meteorite that - according to witnesses Monday 2 fell the past in annexed the Castle. The group of specialists who traveled to the zone to confirm the fact could not arrive the last Friday at the place determined by the coordinates settled down from an earthquake from 3.8 Ritcher degrees. Integrated by engineers of the Geophysical Institute of the Peru and the Geophysical Institute of the National University of San Agustin the team of four people it was divided to cover the area with the help of GPS without being able to obtain his objective, in spite of the will and to the unfolded physical effort. After surpassing hills and hills, the specialists, accompanied by journalists, they met in Aplao (Castile), where engineer Arming Minaya, director of the Institute of the UNSA raised the necessity to retake the search in days. "It will be necessary to return, but this time with equipment and elements necessary to establish a camping base that, in at least two days, allows us to investigate", it needed Minaya.
They discard that meteorite has caused forado
ASI QUEDO. La presencia de aguas subterraneas produce vacios en el interior de las areas sedimentarias. Ello habria provocado el hundimiento. BERNABE CALDERON/ARCHIVO
In Arequipa the authorities still do not confirm supposed meteorite fall The presumed fall of a celestial body in the cultures of the sector of Chillapuquio, the last Saturday, was discarded yesterday by specialists of Civil defense, who attribute the forado formation to him of the enormous one of about thirty meters of length to the establishment of the ground, due to the water presence in the subsoil.
Guido Huaman, geologist of the mentioned organization, indicated that the subsoil of the small farm of the farmer Miguel Huaman presents/displays filter galleries that have generated establishments. This phenomenon would have given origin to the enormous hole that is observed.
The specialist, who directed the studies of evaluation in Chillapuquio, bases her conclusions on the fact that were not indications of scents, temperatures and own burns of a meteorite.
Nine years ago in the same zone they appeared forados that were consequence of filter galleries, remembered the engineer. Huaman does not discard just that by this zone similar phenomena take place, in this season of rains.
Of another side in Arequipa, until the closing of this edition it had not returned the equipment of specialists of the Geophysical Institute of the National University of San Agustin, that traveled to the district of Huancarqui, in the province of Castile, to verify the supposed fall of a meteorite the last Monday.
According to the version of the inhabitants of the place, that day they observed a luminous body, simultaneously who felt an earthquake.
Presumed meteorite causes to alarm in town arequipeno
What it happened afternoon of Monday in a small town of the department of Arequipa never will be forgotten by the hundreds of inhabitants of the zone.
According to Luis Alfredo Chavez Yanes informed, mayor of the province of Aplao, 300 families of the town of Castile, to 8 kilometers of Aplao, agreed in affirming that they had seen fall what would be a meteorite in the center of two hills difficult and that it is to several hours of way.
In declarations to Confirmed of TNP, Chavez Yanes he said that after the impact one took place polvareda tremendous. It added that according to the Geophysical Institute of the National University of San Agustin at that precise moment a small earthquake took place.
Finally, it said that Anita Arguedas, female leader of the Civil defense of Arequipa, indicated that today, Thursday, an equipment of the University of San Agustin would arrive at Castile to move to the place where the supposed meteorite would have fallen.
Also, agency EFE informed that the director of the Geophysical Institute of of the university arequipena of San Agustin, Arming Minaya, said that Peruvian scientists investigate if the luminous object could cause the earthquake at the time of crashing.
Sources of the Geophysical Institute of Peru confirmed that to the 12,30 hours of that Monday an earthquake of 3.5 degrees of magnitude in the scale of Richter was registered to 16 kilometers to the south of the rural districts of Huancarqui and Aplao, in Arequipa.
After the telluric movement settler of small villages bordering they called to the authorities of the university of San Agustin to affirm that they had seen in the sky a "incandescent ball" that hit in an uninhabited one and caused "tremendous polvareda".
The director of the Geophysical Institute of of the university San Agustin said to EFE that as a result of the testimonies was decided to send to two scientists to the zone to confirm if the sighted object were a meteorite. Also, it said that today, Thursday, will leave to a group formed by other two geologists and two geophysicists to that region, to which is only possible to be arrived at foot after six hours of long walk.
On the other hand, representatives of the Geophysical Institute of Peru asserted that the characteristics of the earthquake do not correspond to a movement caused by an impact, but to one related to a geologic fault that there is in the zone, but they admitted that is possible that the impact of an extraterrestrial object of great dimensions can activate the geologic fault.
Presumed meteorite causes alarm
Authorities and specialists are transferred to Huancarqui to confirm the fact Shocked two thousand settlers of the district of Huancarqui are about, in Castile, due to the supposed fall of a strange body from the firmament, the same one that would have hurried - according to they say surrounded in flames.
The fact - that it would have been observed by a reduced group of people it happened at noon of the last Monday and would be unnoticed pass of not being because at that precise moment an earthquake of 3.8 degrees in the scale of Richter felt, that was registered by the Geophysical Institute of the National University of San Agustin.
Huancarqui is a town of healers and wizards. His mayor, Jhonny Cardinal red, said yesterday that he had perceived the earthquake and received the versions of the supposed fall of the strange body, reason for which communicated the fact to Civil defense and the police. A police contingent went to the zone where apparently the object fell, but yesterday did not find sign some. Sources of Civil defense indicated that not they had information on the matter, whereas a technician of the University San Agustin needed that he could be a meteorite, although denied his relation with the earthquake.
This last one discarded the fire fall, because it would have caused a nonsingle disaster and an earthquake. Civil defense, the police and the own university will send personnel to the place to determine the veracity of the facts.
(Febr 5 issue)
Fire ball falls in hill of Arequipa
By GESSLER OJEDA
Arequipa. - The settlers Scientific Martin Fernandez show fragments of a meteorite. they saw an enormous fire ball that broke through thick by one and dark mass of clouds in the sector of the Castle, district of Aplao, province of Castile. The strange object hurried at great speed and hit in a distant hill causing a powerful roar and the terror of the settlers. Remezon felt. It was like an earthquake, said the villagers when they appeared in the police station of Aplao, capital of the province, to report the strange phenomenon. Others called to the Geophysical Institute of the National University of San Agustin (Unsa) to investigate more on the fact than it happened Monday to 12:30 the past hours. The Geophysical Institute informed that they cannot affirm nor discard that is a meteorite, but accept that the ivestigacion is handled in that sense. The data of the Scientific Department of the Unsa are not contradicted with the versions that arrived from Aplao.
REMEZON OF 3.8 DEGREES Registered in their censors a seismic movement of 3.8 degrees in the scale of Ritcher to 12:30:38 hours of last Monday. The place - according to the Geophysical Institute 111 km to the northeast of the university base are located, in the province of Castile, to little kilometers of Aplao.
DATA AGREE Most of data agrees with the versions of the settlers. The scientists need that the data make suppose that it would be a meteorite that managed to exceed the atmosphere and to make contact with enemy with the terrestrial crust. Personal POLICIA OF APLAO of the police station of Aplao received the information and it immediately tried to arrive until the place. He left to 3 of afternoon and advanced near 10 km, but he did not find anything. Passed the 6 of afternoon, because it grew dark, it could not advance more and the expedition was suspended. Yesterday in Aplao, the authorities and the population were organized in groups to look for the precise place where the strange object would have fallen.
Meteorite falls in Arequipa causing fear in the population
The settlers of the province arequipena of Castile, are scared by the fall of which according to them it is a meteorite. According to a report of the Geophysical Institute of Characo of the University San Agustin, Monday last when mediating the noon fell a meteorite in the district of Huancarqui and that caused a tremor of 3.6 in the scale of Mercali. Other towns that also assure to have seen the fall of the meteorite were those of Aplao and Tipan. The authorities of these towns immediately requested the support of Civil defense and to the government of the region.
Another meteorite falls in Peruvian territory
A second luminous object has fallen in less than four days in Peruvian territory. Monday was Arequipa and this Thursday touched to the Cusco. In this last case, the correspondent of 90 Seconds, and many people have been able to arrive until the place that is to only 45 kilometers of the Imperial City in the province of Anta. In the place it has been left an impressive one forado, which according to they indicate the settlers of the place, would have been caused by a meteorite that fell in night of Wednesday. The orifice formed in the Earth has a dimension of 20 meters of diameter and 50 meters of depth. The meteorite fell in the community of Chillapucyo to 45 kilometers, to the north of the city of the Cusco, in the denominated sector Chacan province of Anta. At the time of taking place the fall of the celestial object, the settlers assure to have felt that the Earth shook as if an earthquake to regulate intensity was tried. Soon a deafening noise was listened to. Some witnesses informed that two years ago also it happened a similar case in the district of Chincheros. The authorities of the department of the Cusco, in their eagerness to avoid misfortunes, surrounded the zone with a red tape, nevertheless, the peculiar ones do not let go to the place where the enormous hollow is located where some arrive walking and others in vehicles.
After the happened thing in Arequipa and Cusco, 90 Seconds everything
informs to him on meteorites
In this week two meteorites in the South zone of the country have fallen. The scientists consider that it is not necessary to be alarmed because daily thousands of them fall on the planet. But as an equipment informs into 90 Seconds, the meteorites, celestial bodies that fall in the Earth every year are able to change the course of the history of the universe. In Germany, a group of scientists has concluded who makes 65 million years, the fall in Mexico of a meteorite of 14 kilometers of diameter triggered an explosion that caused the extinction of the 70 percent of the species animals, among them, the dinosaurios. After the catastrophe the human species arose. It does few days, in Aplao, Arequipa, the comuneros assured to have been present at the fall of a meteorite. In the locality of Chillapucllo in Cusco, the Earth shook and soon it appeared a crater. Nevertheless, there were no greater damages. One would be small meteorites, that do not cause any climatic change or greater damage if it is than does not hit in populated places. By his speed, it is impossible to predict when and where exactly a meteorite will fall. Nevertheless, the scientists are conceited that greatest, those than weigh more than one ton, hurry to the Earth each four million years. The Moral geologist Guillermo has in his power a segment of which was discovered greater meteorite in Peru in the decade of the 60. It is a mixture of Nickel and Iron, found it in Ayacucho and weighed 141 kilograms. It is presumed that there is more in our country than they fall every year, but the evidence by lack of specialized investigation is not had. In its orbit around the sun, the Earth happens through zones with dispersed particles that by the rubbing, penetrate to the atmosphere, becoming meteorites. They travel to 39,600 kilometers per hour. Some are shining like which they were seen in Spanish sky at the beginning of January. A few undo in the sky, but others fall on the terrestrial surface, leaving to craters ten times greater than their length. Hopefully no never causes damages in populated places.
Geologists initiate search of possible meteorite sighted in Arequipa
Four engineer geologists of the National University of San Agustin, initiated the search of a supposed meteorite that would have fallen last Monday in the province of Castile of this region, inquired today. Arming Minaya, head of the Geophysical Institute of the National University of San Agustin, has initiated with his work group the search of the meteorite, having used the coordinates generated by a registered earthquake the same rememberance day of the space object. The celestial body was seen by tens of settlers of the district of Huancarqui, who also are collaborating with data for their location. "we have determined the coordinates with the purpose of locating this body, that has hit the Earth. We hoped to arrive at the zone since they indicate to us that he is rustic ", commented Minaya. It indicated that the reference coordinates have been determined in 72.3709 of west longitude 15,9885 South latitude, to calculated data on the base of stations of the university San Agustin. It recommended the settlers of the place who have had the possibility of sighting the object to move away of the place because the element could contain radioactive elements and affect the human being.
Another presumed meteorite falls in the Cusco
For the authorities one would be water filtrations. The settlers of the Cusco do not leave their astonishment. The farmers of the communities of Chacan and Huallpapuccllo assure that the enormous crater that appeared in its earth must to the impact of a meteorite. The inhabitants of the zone do not know how to explain in that circumstances the forado one of twenty meters of radio took place enormous and three of depth. The zone is well-known as Chillapuccllo and is located to only 50 kilometers of the city of the Cusco. The comuneros are frightened by the finding and they attribute it to a meteorite that fell of the sky. Nevertheless, the authorities are conceited that it is a collapse problem by the water filtration. According to his settlers, days ago they felt a slight tremor that remecio the zone. When they were until the place they encontaron enormous the forado one.
Fire ball falls in hill of Arequipa
An enormous fire ball that broke through by a mass of clouds fell in a hill, in the sector of the Castle, district of Aplao, Arequipa. The strange object that alarmed the settlers precipitated in a distant hill causing a powerful roar. The Geophysical Institute informed that they cannot affirm nor discard that is a meteorite, but accept that the ivestigacion is handled in that sense. The personnel of the police station of Aplao received the information and tried to arrive until the place. He only crossed 10 kilometers, but he did not find anything.
Let's consider two probable explanations of the event:
1) It was a large iron (or stony-iron, at least) meteorite. Arguments
against this are:
- just a very large meteorite could produce M=3.8 earthquake (for a comparasion: several kt-of-TNT-sized surface explosions are to produce such earthquakes with football-field crater left). Such giant meteoroid would produce various numerous manifestations, which were not reported.
- the earthquake signal does not conform with an impact. This argument alone is enough to rule out the meteorite fall;
2) It was a geometeor, which in this case can be called as an earthquake light. Indeed, as it can be seen here geophysical situation was very favourable for a geometeor.
So all known info points to a geophysical meteor.
TEHRAN (Reuters) - A meteorite has hit northern Iran causing minor damage to property but there were no immediate reports of casualties, state radio has said.
It said the impact sent locals in panic onto the streets in the northern town of Babol in Mazandaran province.
"A meteorite which hit Babol on Friday morning caused only some minor damage to residential units," radio said, without giving further details or citing any source.
It said the impact was felt up to one kilometre away.
Iranians are currently mourning at least 30,000 people killed by an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale which struck southeastern Iran on December 26.
Tehran, Jan 4(IranMania) - The fall of a comet on a residential unit in Babol, Northern Iran on Friday morning spread a wave of fear in the entire district.
A member of the family on whose house the comet fell tells the story:
"I woke up in the morning and suddenly saw an amazing light which was moving toward the house, just then I heard a horrible crash and when I came to myself I found our house totally destroyed."
Following the incident, the house of this Baboli family was ruined and damages were inflicted on the neighboring houses.
However no casualty has been reported.
Soon I got an e-mail from Mr.Pouria Nazemi (Jam-e-Jam Daily Science
Journalist www.jamejamdaily.net, Nojum Magazine News Editor www.nojum.net,
Tel: +98 (021) 737 97 44, P.O.Box:16535-479 , Tehran,Iran). Pouria helps
me a lot to obtain info on the event.
According to the Pouria's info (e-mailed on January 3, 2004), at about 5:30 Friday morning (2 a.m UTC) a great explosion happened in the big house in the Moalem kelay in north of Babol. There are 9 people live in this home and one of them waked up before this event. She said that she had seen a very bright white light IN and out of house and she had heard an increasing sound and then a great shake happened. Other people in the house and other neighborhoods woke up in panic and thought that an earthquake happened. The people felt this shake in a radius of 1 Km from the house and many glasses were broke in a few 100 meters around. In the house there are some sign as if a great source of heat acted, but every gas lines and electric instruments are good and don't have any problem. Also no fire happened.
Some people saw a great fire ball that passing sky from top to the house.
It is very important that source of explosion must be in the house because of direction of destroyed instruments to out of home. One of Nojum reporters that visited the place said that it is like that you put an unlimited energy in the room and closed all the doors and this energy would like to free itself. This reporter is an active amateur astronomer and recorded and photographed all meteor showers.
Another important thing, according to Pouria, that the reporter can't found ANY EVIDENCE OF METEORE REMINDS OR IT'S CRATER. There is no hole on the roof or walls. Also it wasn't from normal explosion like gas or oil or other things like this ( there is no fire reported).
Pouria also e-mailed me photos from this place which his friend Iman Naderi took on January 3 (thanks to Iman Naderi for his permission to use them here!). You can see the photos below. Naderi went there with the order of government for searching the place.
Finaly Iman, Pouria and me compiled the following preliminary brief description of the event (below), based on witness' accounts.
WITNESSES WHO WERE IN THE HOUSE SAID THE FOLLOWING:
On January 2, 2004 a woman in the house woke up before 5 am local time (1.30
am UTC), because her baby was crying and she was going to get milk to him.
After a short time she saw that the space of room became bright, but she did not see the source of the light. She inclines to think that it was outside her home. She says that her impression is that the source of the light was approaching the ground and closer to her house with increasing of illlumination in her room (however there is some possibility that the illumination of the room at least partly was caused by glowing of the air inside the room, but currently this can not be proved now).
After she saw the light for about 2-4 seconds, the ground became to shake. About 2-3 seconds later the shaking increased significantly, and an explosion occured, which damaged the house.
Other people in the house (a family of 8) woke up with the explosion (they said that they were thrown up from ground with the power of the ground shaking).
When a father of the family and his great son woke up and felt that the ground continued to shake, they guided other members of family out of the house. Within 4-5 seconds the great son ran to the yard before other family to switch off gas, and other members of the family followed him in a few seconds.
In the yard they saw a very bright red fireball (about 2 meter in diametre) that was firing in the yard at the height of 1.5 to 2.5 meter above the ground ground. It looked like a small volcano, and many small bright particles were falling out from it.
Also they felt a kind of heat on their faces. The great son, who was the first in the yard felt it especially strong (they can't remember feeling of the heat being inside the house, because they were in shock). The feeling of the heat continued with the great son for several days later at least. The great son felt heat on his face like a kind of sunburn.
The ground shaking continued in the yard too. Members of the family who woke up with the sound of the explosion said that ground shake accompanied with low sounds continued for about 10 sec. in total. And no any smell.
Finally the shaking stopped, and the fireball disappeared.
WITNESSES WHO WERE OUTSIDE THE HOUSE SAID:
Research discovered only two persons who saw this event from out of the
house and what is one of them said. His house is about 500 meter far from
the main (damaged) house. He was sleeping when his wife woke up him with
squeaking 'earthquake!'. Then they heard a loud sound of an explosion and
felt that shaking of the ground increased after the explosion. So in
3-5 second after the explosion, he ran on a balcony of his house, and from
there he saw a bright object that was falling down vertically with high
speed into approximate position of the above-mentioned 'main' house.
Apparently he can saw the last part of this object moving for about 1-2 sec. The fireball fall was accompanied with continuous monotonous loud sound without increase or decrease. The fireball left no trail. (There is also another witness who saw the fireball fall, accompanied with the sound.)
Many hoses at the distances up to several hundered meters from the 'main' one were slightly damaged (glasses broken, etc.). Damage of the 'main' house is seen on the photoes. It should be marked that there are numerous signs of a heat in the 'main' house and in the yard. For example, many plastics tools were crumpled.
Also, it is interesting, that no damage on electric and radioelectronic devices was discovered. No apparent damage was discovered in an antenna attached to the house, and in a small transistor radio, which was in the house.
And a map of the damage in the house (e-mailed me on Jan.4 by Pouria) is below.
The description of the event is in an agreement with an idea that it was a geometeor event. And indeed geophysical circumstances were favourable for geometeor's appearence.
And here is some follow-up (possibly is still here: http://www.nojum.net/news/newse.asp?newsid=34 ):
PRESS-RELEASE: Feb 8, 2004
CONTACTS: Mr. Pouria Nazemi,
Tel: +98 (021) 827 0029
E mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
On January 2, 2004 a report appeared about a meteorite fall on the town
of Babol, Iran. A group of Iranian experts associated with Nojum (Astronomy) magazine began to investigate. The group consisted of Mr. Pouria Nazemi, who has a large expertise in seeking scientific news and contacted many organizations to collect more information and also a science journalist (Mathematics BSc.), Miss Mohaddesseh Azimlu who was looking for physical explanation for such events since the previous one in some months ago (Physics Ms.)
Mr. Iman Naderi, a serious amateur astronomer who didn't miss a moment to reach the place and make early report and photos, Mr. Siavash Safarianpour who organizes a daily live TV program in popular astronomy and Mr. Oshin Zakarian, a nature and night sky photographer.
Witnesses reported that the event started with seismic, and sound phenomena, which were followed by unordinary light inside house and explosion with a loud sound and ended by falling of a fireball which threw out sparks and was described as a " suspended lightning "about 2 meters in diameter and disappeared spontaneously. The boy who came out first and saw the ball had burnt his face, but nobody else was hurt.
Despite that the investigation continues, already now it is possible to state that the event had nothing to do with a fall of an extraterrestrial body, and evidently was of geophysical origin. Investigation of damage in the town caused by the event reveals that a house, which was in the epicenter of the explosion, was badly damaged by the explosion, and many houses within several hundred meters from it have some minor damage. No traces of meteorite or any other object fallen were discovered. The damage of the house partly was as caused by some energy source inside the house, while possibility of a gas explosion etc. can be excluded.
After coming to conclusion that the event was caused neither by a meteorite, nor by any known made object, the Iranian experts contacted Dr. Andrei Ol'khovatov from Moscow, Russia. He has a special web-page ( http://olkhov.narod.ru/gr1997.htm ) , devoted to similar unexplained fireball falls, which have nothing to do with meteorite falls, but are of geophysical origin. Dr. Ol'khovatov prefers to call them geophysical meteors or just geometeors. According to him, these events are poorly known, and little plausible physical mechanism was proposed for them yet, but observational data points that geometeors in many aspects resemble an energetic high-speed "ball-lightning". Anyway, a statistical analysis conducted by Dr. Ol'khovatov revealed that geometeors have a tendency to occur in some special geophysical situations.
So Dr. Ol'khovatov has joined the group of Iranian researchers in investigation of the Babol event. One of the tasks was to check whether geophysical situation of the Babol event was favorable for geometeors, especially in an aspect of cloudiness development in the region. It was checked through satellite meteorological diagrams and however it didn't show any cloud in the region, but starting changes in weather condition.
The Babol fireball was neither the first nor the last one in Iran. Some months ago Nojum received a report about observing a fire ball on May 23, 2003 in Marzanabad, in North of Iran. It was in a rainy evening and big thunders occurred continuously. Witnesses saw a high speed fireball hit two old big trees, broke them with a very loud sound and continued its way. The electricity broke in village for a few hours.
On January 21, 2004 another fireball came to visit an Iranian village in North West, near MeshkinShahr in Ardabil state. It was again a stormy night that a white fireball, bigger than full moon appeared in the sky and after few minutes disappeared. Simultaneously electricity broke in the whole area for several hours and a house was damaged. A part of roof covering was disappeared and a wall and door was broken with a loud sound.
As both these two events have happened in stormy weather with thunders and lightning, investigators come to conclude that they should be ordinary "ball lightnings" that may be produced in such conditions. During natural lightning a part of air molecules become ionized (which is called plasma) and shine as a flash in a moment and come back to ordinary state (we saw it as the path of lightning); but in rarely conditions that we still don't know completely this plasma is caught in a ball shape and if hits anything may release a lot of energy like a lightning with same loud sound and destruction. We know very little about natural ball lightnings, but can make them artificially in very small size in laboratory.
Anyway, the investigation continues, as those events and specially that one in Babol gives a rare possibility to get a lot of data about such poorly known meteorological or geophysical phenomena.
Group members are also waiting for your reports about any similar observations at email@example.com.
Here I would like to add some comments on other mentioned in the press-release events (thanks to Pouria Nazemi and Mohaddesseh Azimlu for additional info).
The May 23, 2003 event took place at about 36.5 N and 51.3 E at about 11.30 UTC (=Z)
Comparing averaged and smoothed cloudiness maps for
6-12 Z and
12-18 Z clearly
shows that the event took place during upsurge of cloudiness, and the "weather
worsening". The latter is especially well-seen on the precipitation (rain)
rate maps for
12-18 Z and
A neighbouring region can be seen on NOAA POES satellite infrared pictures taken at appr. 9.50 Z, 12.00 Z, 13.40 Z,
The "damaging" fireball was indeed a sign of a bad weather!
Now about the January 21 Meshkin Shahr (or Meshgin Shahr), which took place
at 38.4N; 47.67E at about 18 UTC (see a map below).
Formally it was not a geometeor, as it was not seen fast moving. Possibly we could call it as a "classic ball-lightning". Anyway, as term "fast" isn't well-defined, let's check cloudiness. Cloudiness is below on infrared images of METEOSAT-5 satellite:
16.00 Z, 17.00 Z, 18.00 Z, 19.00 Z, 20.00 Z,
It looks like in this case also the event took place when diffused edges of cloud cover passed over the place of the event.
And now about what happened. Here is THE DAILY WORLD article (WA, USA) ( http://www.thedailyworld.com/daily/2003/Jul-15-Tue-2003/news/news1.html ) on the item:
ELMA - Elma High School Senior Brian Reed was bored,
just taking a night drive through Elma's dark, deserted
streets. Closing on 1 a.m., he, his cousin Scott Reed and
fellow Elma Senior Dan Raney hadn't found any more
excitement after midnight than before it.
Then, Reed says, a meteor tore open the night sky.
"We were just driving down the road, and I just saw this big, bright flash," the 18 - year - old said. "At first, I thought it was a shooting star or a falling star or something.
"It looked like fireworks, but it had a tail about six or seven - feet long."
Reed said the falling rock appeared to break apart as it approached the earth, exploding before impact.
The young men decided to investigate, and headed from the freeway toward Elma High School, where they believed the fragments struck.
"We went out there and started looking around, and we saw a bunch of divot holes in the sand of the track out there," Reed said. "We looked for a while, then we went and got a couple of cops."
Raney, 17, said he tried to pick up a piece of the still - hot rock and burned his hand.
Soon police joined the young men's investigation, examining the pock - marked asphalt and dinged ground.
Toby Smith, a University of Washington astronomy lecturer and meteorite researcher, said Reed's description of events matches with the stories told by others who have seen falling meteors.
"It sort of has the hallmarks of being a classic meteorite fall," Smith said. "It's actually very rare (to see a meteor strike the earth), but, as the population density grows, we get more people reporting seeing this type of thing.
"These types of meteorite fall are reported about once or twice a year."
After flagging down a Grays Harbor County Sheriff's Deputy, Reed called his mother and contacted the Elma Police Department. Working a graveyard shift, Elma Officer Travis Bealert took the call.
According to Elma Police sources, the officer arrived at the scene to find the young men searching for pieces of rock. After examining the site himself, Bealert apparently continued on his patrol.
Bealert's shift ended early Tuesday and attempts to contact him were unsuccessful.
Though more than 20,000 tons of material strike the earth's atmosphere annually, Smith said nearly all of it burns up before it strikes the ground. Very rarely is material that actually strikes the earth actually seen.
If the Elma meteorites are extraterrestrial, Smith said he believes it may be the first meteor strike witnessed in Washington's history. Six other meteorites have been recovered in Washington.
Smith said a similar strike was witnessed near a Chicago suburb last year.
"These things are seen to happen," he said. "Meteorites are very, very rare things, but a lot of them fall."
The astronomer said meteors passing through the earth's atmosphere usually burn and deform, leaving a dark, glassy skin on the rock.
"It really looks like a burnt crust. That's usually a dead giveaway," Smith said. "If they have the crusts on them, there's a very good possibility that these could be meteorites."
Until the rock has been examined, however, Smith said it is difficult to be certain of its origin.
But, how do three young men of Elma top off their out - of - this - world night? Snacks, of course.
"We went down to the store behind the bowling alley ... and got something to eat," Reed said. "We were still pretty excited."
ELMA - There's an out of this world mystery in Grays Harbor County.
Three teenage boys saw a fireball plummeting to Earth early Tuesday morning. Now their meteor, or the story of it, is the biggest thing to hit Elma.
"I looked over and I saw this bright streak through the sky," says Brian Reed. "It had a tail that was probably six or seven feet long and at the end it was glowing red. It was good size."
Brian's cousin Scott Reed also saw it. He says they watched the fireball disappear in the direction of their high school and then saw a cloud of dust go up in the air.
"We came down here and looked," explains Scott, "and all there was, was little holes and craters. We just started digging around right there, moving gravel, and we found little pieces that looked different."
The boys collected handfuls of tiny black rocks. One was so hot, it burned their friend Dan's thumb and finger.
The story of the meteorite crash spread through town, and soon everyone was sifting through the gravel looking for evidence.
"I never would've expected an asteroid or meteor would land in Elma," said one young girl.
And it's starting to look like one didn't.
Meteorite hunters from the Seattle area came to Elma after hearing the story, and they delivered bad news. "We don't have a sample of it yet," says collector Blake Johnson. "If it stuck to a magnet I'd get pretty excited." "They might be picking up the wrong rocks," adds collector Adam Hupe. "There might be some real meteorites mixed in there. I don't know. We've got to look at every single one." The glassy black rocks could be worn asphalt or pieces of the old high school track. Any promising samples will go to scientists at the University of Washington to see if they're genuine. But even if they're not, imaginations are free to run wild.
"We'll still think that it's awesome," smiles Scott Reed. "We'll still have it in our minds that we started something really big here." And he adds, "I think it was a meteorite."
KOMO 4 News also received a handful of e-mail from other independent viewers saying they too saw the fireball streak across the sky shortly before 1 a.m.
ELMA - A meteorite is a seductive thing. It draws people towards it, pulls the obsessed to distant corners of the world.
Meteorites have drawn brothers Adam and Greg Hupe from their home in Renton to Africa and Europe. Tuesday they were drawn to Elma to examine the rocks three young men found early Tuesday morning after seeing something they believe to be a meteor heading toward the Elma High School athletic fields.
Unfortunately for Elma residents who've caught meteorite fever, the Hupe brothers had little good news.
"It doesn't look good at this point, but that doesn't mean you won't find something," Adam Hupe told the three young men.
Hupe said he will pass the rocks on to University of Washington professor Tony Irving, a former research scientist with the NASA who often works with the brothers, for further testing. He doesn't, however, hold out much hope that the small, black rocks are of extra - terrestrial origin.
Speaking with the three might - be witnesses, the Hupes said nothing to the young men to cast doubt on what the teens say they saw, only that the rocks they believed to be meteoritic were not.
It was a welcome change for Elma Senior Brian Reed, who said he feels many onlookers believe he and his friends are "full of it." To the critics and cameras, Brian Reed, his cousin Scott Reed and friend Dan Raney could do little but repeat their mantra - "We know what we seen."
While driving on Vance Creek Road just after 12 a.m. Tuesday, the three bored teen - agers saw a fireball with a tail streaking out of the sky followed by a flash. It looked like it was headed toward the Elma track and the young men went for a look.
Once there, they say they examined the apparently pock - marked shotput pit with a tiny, squeezable flashlight. They found glassy black rocks they thought were space rock. Excited, Brian called his mother, then the police for assistance.
Now, it appears those rocks were not out of this world, but the Hupes encouraged the young men and other would - be meteorite hounds to keep searching.
The area where the young men grabbed what they thought were meteorites was swarming with children and adults from all over the Harbor. They sifted through the pea - gravel and combed the grass looking for the extraordinary.
The brothers showed the searchers sample meteorites from other expeditions, hoping to give locals a better picture of their quarry.
It's the same routine they went through last March, when a meteorite came down in Chicago's southside neighborhood.
Hours after hearing about the strike, Adam was on a plane on his way to Chicago. A meteorite had smashed through residents' homes, breaking windows and piercing roofs.
Once on the lookout, locals started bringing in everything from gravel to large chunks of asphalt.
"We went to Chicago and about 90 percent of the rocks people brought to us weren't meteorites," he said.
"But once we showed people what real meteorites look like, they started bringing them in.
"That's what we're here for, to show people what to look for."
Greg Hupe said he and his brother do similar "show - and - tell" demonstrations when they travel to Saharan Africa, training nomadic Bedouin to search for the world's oldest rocks. Dan Raney said the Hupes impressed him a great deal.
"Those guys are cool," Elma Senior Dan Raney said. "They're just awesome, really laid back." After spending hours talking about treasure hunting with them, the Hupe brothers gave the three young men small meteorites. Their cores sparked with elemental iron, the matte black rocks have a strangeness about them. Taking the thumb - size meteorites, the young men carefully pocket them only a little less entranced than when they saw what they saw two nights before.
1) The fireball was extraterrestrial/meteoroidal origin, which flew away, and
the remnants discovered have nothing to do with the fireball (they were
accidental artefacts of some industrial/human activity, etc.).
This interpretation has several large problems:
a) What kind of the alleged acitivity could produce the numerous hot rocks spread in the area?
b) As the small rocks were so hot that they even burnt skin, so the alleged activity must seized immediatedly before the event, which occured after local midnight.
c)As I know, some rocks hit a set of aluminum bleachers and made small dents. Other rocks hit the asphalt walkway and melted. And one even was embedded into a telephone pole.
I can not imagine any possible industrial/human activity, which could explain this - and what about you?
2)It was a hoax. It is "the last chance" explanation, which is often being put forward, when there are problems with other explanations. In the Elma event, taking into account the above-mentioned, I can not imagine, how great number of people must be involved. I consider this very unlikely. Anyway, if anybody has any real evidences of the "plot", he must state them, otherwise, the "hoax-explanation" is not worth to consider.
3) It was a geometeor. Or in other words - a
large ball-lightning like object (which I prefer to call a "geophysical meteor"
or "geometeor"). Also if the discovered "remnants" weren't of local origin, so
it is possible that they were carried by the geometeor. In the latter case
we could call it as "geometeorite" (see also below).
Just a few remarks supporting the idea:
- The largest confirmed case (a photo) of a ball-lightning was about 100 meters in diameter.
- During the January 18, 1994 Spanish geophysical bolide (see above), which was surely non-meteoroidal, its altitude was as high as at least 25 km, and its speed was several km/s.
- Ball-lightnings are known sometimes to divide into several parts.
- Currently the origin of the deposited "remnants" is not known. They could be of local origin or from somewhere outside. Anyway, a possibility of a ball-lightning depositing some substance was confirmed by outstanding French astronomer Camille Flammarion (after whom a Moon crater was named). Unfortunately, most of modern experts pay a little attention to this aspect of a ball-lightning.
Here we are a little beyond our modern science frontiers. Just a few cases of such events are documented in published scientific literature (but many more in this www-page), so a scientist must has some brevity to talk about this, as a conservative part of scientific society doesn't like "these ball-lightnings and other anomalies"...
So, let's check the possibility of a geometeor/geometeorite. As we
found out, an empirical rule shows that geometeors have a
tendency to occur in relation with instabilities in atmosphere, including
cloudiness formation/dissipation (and in boundary regions
of a cloud's field). Let's check how it went in the Elma event. The associated
meteorological info is here, and you can check
yourself that the event occured when a "wet" air-stream was passing over the
region, accompanied with variations of cloudiness. Also at the time of the
event a dense cloud cover to the south from the event's area was swiftly
fading away, and has disappeared almost completely in a couple of hours.
So the meteorological situation was favourable for appearence of a geometeor, and the geometeor/geometeorite interpretation looks rather plausible.
Also it is possible to add that there is an increased level of tectonic activity in the region, where weak earthquakes occur from time to time.
Let's now try to answer on a question - what is the origin of the
"meteorite" remnants (rocks) discovered? First possibility could be that
a fragment (or fragments) of the fireball, which separated from the main
fireball hit the ground in Elma and 'sprayed' some local substance.
Another possibility is that is was a geometeorite, so the substance was transported by the fireball. If the fireball was indeed flying from rather far away, and as it was reported flying from the south to the north. So in this case, the substance could be taken somewhere to the south from Elma (and the cloudiness activity was larger in the bound). There is a volcanic province in this bound.
Results of the chemicalt analysis could help to choose between these possibilities. And of course, something else cannot be excluded, as we are 'beyond our science frontiers'.
So, it looks like currently (with the info on the event I was able to obtain till now) the geometeorite explanation is the best one (at least, others are worse...).
LATER ADDITION: some pictures of the 'Elma remnants' are here:
and some additional info is on my new web-page www.tunguska.eu5.org/tunguska.htm (as the text in there is rather large then you could use search for 'elma' in the text).
Let me underline that other examples of 'meteorites' are known with 'glossy' crust and even with with calcareus shells inside! See this 1947 publication:
A FALLEN OBJECT IN MOLISE? According to a report by the prefecture of Isernia, numerous observations during the late evening of Saturday, 15 March, were received by the Isernia Police Department's provincial command switchboard in regards to an unidentified flying object which had fallen in a wooded area near the town of Venafro, setting off a fire which was rapidly brought under control by firecrews. No object was found in the area, and snowfalls over the ensuing days impeded further investigations thereafter. Initially, the authorities were worried about a public furor, denying that the fire had been caused by a meteorite or a piece of space wreckage, and suggesting instead that the incident had to do with a lightning strike. As a rebuttal to such statements, motorists have meanwhile come forth with testimony whereby they claim to have distinctly observed a long, fiery trail of an orange color, passing overhead from a southerly direction and then falling into the woods of Monte Corno where, immediately following the impact, the witnesses saw flames break out. [ANSA, Il Giornale del Molise, La Stampa and other dailies, 17 and 18 March; collaboration by Renzo Cabassi, Roberto Labantiand Gildo Persone']Mr Giuseppe Stilo ( CISU - Progetto CRASHCAT Pinerolo, Turin, Italy) kindly informed me about a time of the event - about 21.00 Italian one (i.e. about 20.00 GMT), and that the object said to have fallen on Mount Corno (a place in Venafro county, in the province of Isernia, in the Molise region, southern Italy).
Despite that sometimes the translation is hard to understand, the general picture of the event is evident. Interestingly, that it resembles the April 18, 2001 event in Jordan (see below).
The town of Venafro is appr. 41.5 N and 14.0 E (see MapBlast maps below).
The story resembles a 'classic' geometeor! So let's check meteorological data. And indeed, the event occurred during a period of weather worsening (you could read details here). Thus currently all the info I have pointed to a geophysical meteor. It looks like these two proposed by Italians explanations - that it was a lightning and it was a meteor (meteorite) are both correct - it was a geometeor!
According to Turkey UFO and Paranormal Events Research Org. [TUVPO], this
mysterious object was filmed by chance crashing into the Marmora Sea, off the
coast of Instanbul, Turkey on May 26.
TUVPO reports that witnesses say the brightly-colored object was travelling at extreme speed and caused panic among local fishermen who witnessed it, along with a amateur cameraman who was lucky enough to record the event.
Currently the film is being examined by Turkey's National Observatory and military, plus members of TUVPO.
A full resolution picture can be viewed in the members section of TUVPO at, http://www.tuvpo.com
Several days afterwards Prof.Dr. Mehmet Emin Ozel of the Turkish Astronomical
Observatory confirmed reality of the story to me.
Looking at the pictures, it is already clear that the luminous body could not have been a meteoroidal bolide, as it was below rather low clouds. Also absence of any trail and unusual color points against meteoroidal fireball. And it resembles a geometeor.
According to www.tuvpo.com the event took place about 5.25 pm (apparently local) time, and I have checked weather, and indeed, it was very favourable for a geometeor. You could check this yourself, looking at meteorological data from The Weather Underground, Inc. here. You can see that an appearence of the fireball coincided with strong worsening of the weather. So evidently it was just an usual geometeor!
Anyway, the event is so remarkable, that I would like to get its details very much!
Rock: If scientists confirm Dale Pearce's find, the plum-sized meteorite would be
the fifth found in the state.
By Frank D. Roylance
February 28, 2002
Dale Pearce took a rock to work Tuesday and told his co-workers it fell out of the
sky Saturday night, and he found it in the woods behind his Pasadena home.
Sure, Dale.They didn't believe him at first. But Pearce may get the last laugh.
The plum-sized rock that he says blazed out of the sky and smacked into the ground
behind the Pasadena Crossroads Shopping Center has been identified by a NASA
scientist as a genuine stony meteorite.
Pearce and his rock were due at the Smithsonian Institution this morning, where experts will cut a slice from it to confirm and classify the discovery. If that proves it's the real thing, the meteorite would become only the fifth known to have been found in Maryland, and the first in 83 years. Following astronomical custom, it would be named after the U.S. post office nearest the fall. That would appear to make it the "Glen Burnie Meteorite," although Pearce favors Pasadena.
A 40-year-old painter with the Baltimore City housing department, Pearce hopes to sell the space rock and make a down payment on a house for himself, his wife, Michelle, and their two sons, Brad, 10, and Collin, 6. Turning the dark reddish-brown rock over in his hand yesterday, he said he didn't blame people for doubting his story. "It's kind of hard to believe I'd seen a shooting star and actually found it, and here's the rock. I'd be a skeptic, too." But Michael J. Mumma, chief scientist for planetary research at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, has seen the rock, and the spot where it fell. And
he's a believer. Mumma got involved Sunday after Pearce showed his find to a friend, Terry Kimmel, a dentist who lives in Arnold. Kimmel was impressed enough to phone his friend - Mumma - who studies comets and other "primitive" relics of the early solar system. Mumma invited them to his house in Glen Oban, near Annapolis. "As soon as I saw the stone it was immediately obvious to me it was a meteorite," Mumma said. The saddle-shaped rock shows no sign of weathering, fracturing or tampering. Most tellingly, it has a smooth, black sheen on one side that scientists call a fusion crust - a thin layer melted briefly by friction as a meteor blazes through the atmosphere. It has evidence of chondrules - tiny spherical globs of minerals that condensed 4 1/2 billion years ago in the disk of gas and dust that formed the sun and planets. "This was another indication this was a chondritic meteorite," a stony type and the most common found in observed meteor falls, Mumma said. Iron-metal meteorites, and carbonaceous types are rarer, more valuable to collectors and important to science.
If the rock's interior reveals chondrules, that should clinch the identification, Mumma said.
Pearce led Mumma to the impact site Monday morning. The grapefruit-sized crater also appeared genuine, Mumma said. "There was a rather small hole in ground, which was well-fitted to the size of the meteorite," he said. It was surrounded by a foot-wide fan of loose dirt.
Scientists say meteors this size enter the atmosphere at 18 miles per second. But they're slowed by the atmosphere and usually strike the surface at about 200 mph. "I asked him to put the stone in the hole exactly where he found it so I could photograph it. He put it in with the fusion side down, which is exactly what it should be."
Pearce said he had just gotten into his van about 9:10 p.m. Saturday, preparing to drive from his Kellington Drive home to pick up a tool at his brother-in-law's house. "I had the key in the ignition, and I looked up and saw a streak of light," he said. In a "split second," it flashed from north to south, trailing a column of blue, green and red light. It passed behind the tower on the Kaiser Permanente building in the 8000 block of Ritchie Highway, and vanished into the woods behind.
"A falling star - that's the first thing that came to my mind, although it was the first time I had ever witnessed one," Pearce said. He might not be the only one who spotted it. A Lutherville resident telephoned The Sun on Monday morning and said he was startled by a bright shooting star toward the southeast about 9:15 p.m. Saturday. He said it had a tail of blue, yellow and red light.
Pearce noted where the meteor vanished. The next afternoon, he headed into the woods with his sons. He told them it was a treasure hunt. "I thought we were going to find a star," said Collin.
Pearce has walked these woods often with his boys, and knows them well. It's a large patch of young poplars, gum, beech and pine trees, thick with sticker bushes and vines. It took Pearce and his sons 20 minutes to find the stone, resting in its little crater beside a deer trail.
"He was really excited," his wife said. "How many times in your life do you find something like this? I'm really happy for him." Tim McCoy, curator of meteorites at the Smithsonian's Museum of Natural History in Washington, gets his first look at the stone today. "We get probably 200 specimens a year that people think are meteorites. If we're lucky, one or two actually turn out to be meteorites." But fakery is rare, he said.
Based on Mumma's photos, McCoy gives Pearce's rock better than the normal odds of being a meteorite. "This one I'd say was better than 25 percent, but ... it's so hard to tell anything from pictures."
Dale Pearce's dreams of cashing in the "Glen Burnie Meteorite" for a down
payment on a house for his family crashed and burned yesterday in
The odd stone that the Pasadena house painter and a NASA scientist thought was the meteor that shot across the sky Saturday night is just a common rock.
"It's an iron oxide, cemented sandstone," said Tim McCoy, curator of meteorites at the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of Natural History in Washington. He examined the stone yesterday.
"These rocks are very common in the Eastern United States, and they are commonly confused with meteorites," McCoy said. "We put it under the microscope, but there was never really any question in our mind once we got it out of the bag."
Pearce, who found the stone Sunday, will continue to rent.
"I did get to learn a lot," he said. "I guess I'll look at it as a good experience. I saw a falling star; I'm not sure where it landed, though."
The commercial value of an authentic meteorite can vary widely depending on size and type, but can be worth thousands of dollars.
But his sons may yet own a real meteorite. A collector called from Virginia and said he would send them one found in Africa.
Pearce's big adventure in science began about 9 p.m. Saturday when he saw a colorful meteor streak across the sky behind his home. Callers to The Sun from Lutherville and Hanover, Pa., said they saw it, too.
On Sunday, Pearce said, he and his two young sons searched woods near their home and found a plum-sized stone in a hole, surrounded by fresh dirt. Pearce picked it up and showed it to a friend. The friend called Michael J. Mumma, an acquaintance who is also chief scientist for planetary research at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt.
It looked like a meteorite to Mumma, too. So he arranged to have the stone examined at the Smithsonian, and escorted Pearce and the rock to Washington.
Mumma, who said his expertise runs more to comets than asteroids, acknowledged his surprise at the results yesterday. "It fooled us all there for a while. ... I thought it was a meteorite," he said. "I looked very carefully at the impact site and for signs that it might not be natural, and didn't find any. ... I'm puzzled, frankly."
McCoy wasn't. The overall shape of the rock and its weathering could easily be confused with the real thing, he said. "Among all the ones I've looked at that turned out not to be meteorites, this was one of the more convincing," he said.
But closer examination revealed the stone was 80 to 90 percent quartz, which is almost never found in meteorites, he said. And, it was rich in iron oxides - also absent in freshly fallen meteorites.
McCoy said the stone's surface, despite appearances, "had not been melted. The outside was just a weathered version of the inside."
But Pearce and Mumma did the right thing, McCoy said. "It's better to bring it in and have it looked at than to wonder forever," he said.
For their trouble, Pearce and his family got to examine meteorites at the Smithsonian. His son Collin, 6, held a meteorite from Mars - one of 15 known to science.
Mumma has no regrets. "That's the way science goes," he said. "I was glad to have had the opportunity to do this, and I would do it again. Had it been something important, this is how we would have obtained a sample for scientific use."
KBWI 232354Z 01004KT 10SM SCT200 06/M09 A3013 RMK AO2 SLP205 T00561089 10089 20056 53018 KBWI 240054Z VRB05KT 10SM SCT200 05/M09 A3014 RMK AO2 SLP206 T00501094 KBWI 240154Z 00000KT 10SM SCT200 02/M09 A3016 RMK AO2 SLP215 T00221089 KBWI 240354Z 32004KT 10SM BKN200 M02/M08 A3016 RMK AO2 SLP214 T10171078 KBWI 240454Z 24003KT 10SM SCT200 M02/M08 A3017 RMK AO2 SLP217 T10171078 400891039 KBWI 240554Z 00000KT 10SM CLR M02/M09 A3016 RMK AO2 SLP215 T10221089 10056 21033 56001 KBWI 240654Z 00000KT 10SM CLR M03/M08 A3017 RMK AO2 SLP216 T10331078 KBWI 240754Z 32004KT 10SM CLR M04/M08 A3017 RMK AO2 SLP217 T10391083 KBWI 240854Z 00000KT 10SM CLR M04/M08 A3019 RMK AO2 SLP226 T10391083 53010 KBWI 240954Z 00000KT 10SM CLR M04/M08 A3021 RMK AO2 SLP231 T10391083 KBWI 241054Z 32003KT 10SM CLR M05/M08 A3023 RMK AO2 SLP238 T10501083 KBWI 241154Z 34003KT 10SM FEW200 M05/M08 A3025 RMK AO2 SLP246 T10501083 11022 21067 53020 KBWI 241254Z 33003KT 10SM CLR M01/M06 A3027 RMK AO2 SLP251 T10111056 KBWI 241354Z 02004KT 10SM CLR 03/M07 A3028 RMK AO2 SLP256 T00331072 KBWI 241454Z VRB04KT 10SM CLR 05/M09 A3028 RMK AO2 SLP256 T00501094 51010 KBWI 241554Z 00000KT 10SM CLR 06/M11 A3028 RMK AO2 SLP256 T00611111 KBWI 241654Z 08005KT 10SM CLR 07/M12 A3027 RMK AO2 SLP252 T00721117 KBWI 241754Z 00000KT 10SM CLR 08/M12 A3025 RMK AO2 SLP244 T00831122 10089 21050 58011 KBWI 241854Z VRB04KT 10SM CLR 10/M13 A3024 RMK AO2 SLP241 T01001133 KBWI 241954Z 08008KT 10SM CLR 11/M11 A3023 RMK AO2 SLP238 T01111111 KBWI 242054Z 07006KT 10SM FEW200 11/M11 A3024 RMK AO2 SLP240 T01061106 55004 KBWI 242154Z 12006KT 10SM FEW200 10/M10 A3023 RMK AO2 SLP238 T01001100 KBWI 242254Z 13005KT 10SM FEW200 08/M11 A3024 RMK AO2 SLP242 T00831106A remarkable rather sharp upsurge of airpressure, which is sometimes associated with a geometeor is seen.
Of course, it could not be rejected completely that the discovered meteorite was a hoax/joke, or something similar, but anyway, I think the event is worth to be mentioned as a possible geometeor.
The shallowness of the earthquakes admits that some of them could be mine-blasts, but the night occurence some of them makes this unlikely.
Bulletin of the
International Seismological Centre
Database Access Program
The American Geophysical Union has added the ISC to the list of data centres that can be included in reference lists of AGU journals. The ISC may be cited as both the institutional author of the Bulletin and the source from which the data can be retrieved. A citation should show how the data were retrieved and, if they are from a short time span, the Bulletin issues in which the data were originally published. The format of these references can be seen at http://www.isc.ac.uk/Cite/cite.htmlPlease note that the end date has been modified: Requested date 02-04-2000 24:00:00 -> 03-04-2000 00:00:00
The search will be for events between 01-01-1990 00:00:00 and 03-04-2000 00:00:00 of all hypocentre data: Location within latitude 62 to 64 and longitude 13 to 14.2 or of unknown depth. or with no magnitude. or hypocenters with an undefined number of phases. or hypocenters with an undefined number of amplitudes.Description DATA_TYPE EVENT IMS1.0 ISC Bulletin for the time period 01-01-1990 00:00:00 to 03-04-2000 00:00:00, 5 events were found. Event 97731 Sweden Date Time Err RMS Latitude Longitude Smaj Smin Az Depth Err Ndef Nsta Gap mdist Mdist Qual Author OrigID 1995/06/09 00:29:58.50 63.5400 14.2200 0.0 4 uk EIDC 224960 1995/06/09 00:30:02.10 63.4540 14.1730 0.1 uk BER 224961 1995/06/09 00:29:57.84 0.77 0.54 63.4730 14.5002 9.4 7.9 90 0.0F 8 8 107 2.00 7.00 m i uk ISC 224962 Magnitude Err Nsta Author OrigID mL 3.2 3 EIDC 224960 Event 97928 Sweden Date Time Err RMS Latitude Longitude Smaj Smin Az Depth Err Ndef Nsta Gap mdist Mdist Qual Author OrigID 1995/06/10 02:59:59.80 63.3900 14.1800 0.0 4 uk EIDC 225397 1995/06/10 03:00:01.40 63.4260 13.9940 0.1 uk BER 225398 1995/06/10 02:59:58.09 0.78 1.10 63.5045 14.3365 9.7 7.9 90 0.0F 8 8 109 1.00 8.00 m i uk ISC 225399 Magnitude Err Nsta Author OrigID mL 3.2 3 EIDC 225397 Event 98536 Sweden Date Time Err RMS Latitude Longitude Smaj Smin Az Depth Err Ndef Nsta Gap mdist Mdist Qual Author OrigID 1995/06/13 19:59:59.60 63.4100 14.1400 0.0 4 uk EIDC 226784 1995/06/13 19:59:58.54 1.01 0.76 63.4360 14.3696 13.9 9.8 90 0.0F 5 5 110 2.00 15.00 m i uk ISC 226785 Magnitude Err Nsta Author OrigID mL 3.2 2 EIDC 226784 Event 81372 Sweden Date Time Err RMS Latitude Longitude Smaj Smin Az Depth Err Ndef Nsta Gap mdist Mdist Qual Author OrigID 1995/10/27 12:50:40.20 63.5500 13.6000 0.0 4 uk EIDC 187591 1995/10/27 12:50:34.43 1.15 1.17 63.7935 13.0863 11.3 12.6 90 0.0F 6 6 149 3.00 8.00 m i uk ISC 187592 Magnitude Err Nsta Author OrigID mL 2.3 2 EIDC 187591 Event 966769 Sweden Date Time Err RMS Latitude Longitude Smaj Smin Az Depth Err Ndef Nsta Gap mdist Mdist Qual Author OrigID 1996/05/30 18:37:53.90 63.4800 14.1700 0.0 3 uk EIDC 2084491 1996/05/30 18:37:56.70 63.5680 12.9640 0.0 uk BER 2084492 1996/05/30 18:37:51.33 1.09 1.25 63.5981 13.3682 14.9 8.8 90 0.0F 6 6 143 1.00 8.00 m i uk ISC 2084493 Magnitude Err Nsta Author OrigID mL 2.4 3 EIDC 2084491 md 2.4 BER 2084492 STOP Summary of data from the query: the number of events = 5 the number of hypocentres = 13 the number of magnitudes = 6 the number of phases = 77 from 33 readings
Recently I got info from Sweden stating that no "meteorites" were discovered in the crater.
PRACTICALLY DISCARDED NATURE METEORITICA.
The possibility that it was a meteorite woke up the interest of means and the population but from the first moments thought very improbable by several weighty arguments:
The search of the unit between the extracted mud to facilitate the works has been unfruitful although it would be to hope a piece from surroundings to 1 to 3 kg to at heart explain the formation of such hole of the drain.
The fall of the object pointed by the witness was totally vertical, something nothing usual for a meteorite that, generally reaches the ground with a certain angle of incidence, depending on the orbital geometry of its orbit and the terrestrial one.
Nobody in the province of Castellon nor bordering observed in the indicated date (nor later) a luminous phenomenon able to generate meteorites. Such events are autenticamente impressive and receive the superbolide name by the fact that they can produce meteorites. Generally so that an incident body survives its passage by the atmosphere (at typical speeds between 11 and 30 kilometros/segundo) giving rise to a meteorite of the pointed mass previously it must have a mass next to the ton when entering the termosfera. In fact most of the times they get to lose more of 90% of its mass in the friction with the atmosphere. The " fire balls " that produce such events cannot happen unnoticed to the population. In addition such superbolides generate in zones next to the fall of tremendous meteorites sonic explosions that take place when reaching the lowest layers of the atmosphere to supersonic speeds. In spite of the deceleration some meteorites even affect those regions surpassing ten times the sonic speed.
A superbolide cannot happen unnoticed. Image video of Jiri Fabig of the superbolide produced by the Moravka meteorite when entering the atmosphere on Moravia (Czech Republic). It can unload the complete animation HERE . Courtesy of the Astronomical Institute of Ondrejov, pertaining to the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.
All these facts next to the absence of unit in analyzed muds day 8 of December make us practically discard that the hole in the mud was produced by a meteorite. Nevertheless and to corroborate these ideas we have decided to make a mineralogico analysis (by means of X ray diffraction) of mud next to an multielementary analysis with ICP. If it were necessary we would raise to make a granoseleccion and levigating of mud to verify if microparticles existed or esferulas of meteoritica nature.
DIFICILMENTE COULD TAKE PLACE LIKE FRUIT OF A SURGENCIA.
A hypothesis also pointed in the last days is that it was a surgencia or "
ullal ". The presence of emanations of underground currents is common in the
" fens " of Castellon and Valencia but they around generate another type of
structures to his. In fact it seems improbable that the " pseudocrater " was
generated by a surgencia since usually they less do not give rise to
circular structures and with edge high and extension towards the
proportional outside to the size of the hole. In addition in the analysis in
situ made in the first moments nobody it at heart observed and center of the
pseudocrater no orifice nor detail of interest that could support this
The hole in the mud of the drain could create a surgencia. Although a circular structure as the observed one is not common in such emanations not can discard completely. Image Josep M. Trigo (Network of Investigation on Bolides and Meteorites).
WHAT COULD CAUSE PSEUDOCRATER.
The witness affirms that vio to fall a body of bluish tonality from the terrace of his house, located to about 200 meters of the drain at issue. Nevertheless, he directly did not observe his fall in the drain nor so at least heard nothing. In order to appreciate it from that distance at the hands the object he must have a considerable diameter (at the most something inferior to the diameter of the pseudocrater) and is strange this version. The absence of no solid piece that could explain the observed structure makes us doubt again although it is not possible either to be discarded that it was an ice block like which they fell in January of 2000 in the Southeastern of the peninsula. In such case it would be impossible to recover it and given to his ice composition of water and microparticles he will be impossible to verify it.
Our equipment to interdiscipline will continue analyzing with detail all the possibilities and in the next weeks public will do the results of the analyses and the request of images from satellite made to the European Fireball Network. In any case we suspected that, before the absence of more data and to our grief, the event happened in the Borrasa game will not much more provoke scientific interest that the merely anecdotal one.
ADDITIONAL IMAGES TO HI-RES.
First image taken from the surroundings on 13h of day 5 of December. In means of the drain the pseudocrater is appraised. Image JMT (Network of Investigation on bolides and meteorites).
Detailed image of the circular structure that as much has since to speak . At first sight it already makes suspect that one is not a meteoritico crater because it at heart seems a simple collapse of the present mud of the pool. Image JMT (Network of Investigation on bolides and meteorites).
According to the info above, the event took place in 40 N, 0 E at
about 16.50 Z. November 30, 2001. Here are infrared satellite pictures for
16 Z, November 30, and the same for
16 Z, December 1, and
18 Z, December 1.
You can see appearence of an interesting cloud's formation and (jet's contrails?)
on the latter photoes.
An alternative could be an ice-block fall, but it probably would to produce some sounds, while the witness heard nothing. But the choice between these two possibilities is open.
Explanations for the freak phenomenon are few and far between.
The light of Thursday morning brought no explanations for a widely reported
phenomenon in the sky the night before.
No commercial airplanes had flight paths through the area. The National Guard and local naval air stations reported having no crafts in the air here. Freak weather patterns were all but ruled out.
Yet by Thursday afternoon, more and more people were talking about bright lights, rumbling sounds and rattling buildings. The reports came from all over the area. Dozens of reports. People from Lewiston, Auburn, Sabattus, Greene, Leeds, Monmouth and Minot called police or the newspaper.
"It was a long rumbling. It sounded like a huge, huge object," said 59-year-old Lynn Madelyn Bailey. "I was afraid to go out on my deck. It sounded like it was right over my house."
Bailey lives on Brighton Hill in Minot. Like others, she said the sound was like none she has ever heard before. It was felt as much as heard.
"It was eerie," she said. "It was scary."
Some reported the sounds and lights coming to a sudden halt, only to begin again with more fury. Many said it shook their trailers or houses. It ended as fast and mysteriously as it began.
Skeptics were having a hard time explaining the mystery Thursday.
After fielding several inquiries, Lewiston police Sgt. Michael McGonagle took pains to find the source of the phenomenon.
"I called everybody," he said.
The Federal Aviation Administration said there was no flight activity to or from the Auburn-Lewiston Airport. No other flights had routes through the area. He checked with the National Guard and Maine Drug Enforcement Agency. There were no marijuana eradication helicopters out and about.
Naval air stations in Brunswick and Bangor said they had no craft in this area. If they did, they would not be flying below 2,000 feet.
How about an earthquake, known to cause eerie lights as well as the rumbling and rattling?
"I lived in California for 20 years," said Bailey. "I know what an earthquake sounds like. This was not one."
Meteorologists agree. The Gray station monitors U.S. Geological Survey seismic information and Lacroix said there was no seismic activity in the area Wednesday night. The last reported tremors here were on Aug. 10, more than a week prior to Wednesday's freak occurrence.
"You've got me stumped. Something doesn't add up," said Tony Lacroix, a meteorologist at the National Weather Service in Gray. "If there are that many reports, you cannot brush it off."
Some people reported intensely bright lights accompanying the noise. Some saw a streak of light and then a flash. All of the people who experienced it mentioned the unusual nature of the noise.
"I was actually slightly scared and alarmed," said Denise Morin, of Sabattus. "But it was odd to me that the noise just ended abruptly. It didn't fade away."
A little known fact Wednesday is that the International Space Station passed over Maine Wednesday. However at more than 200 miles above the earth, the station would be hard to spot, let alone hear, according to Lacroix.
Speculation continued to abound throughout the day. Theories were exchanged, answers sought. Did dozens of people experience a close encounter of the first kind?
"We'd like to get to find out what it was and put some closure to it," McGonagle said. "I don't believe in aliens so I don't think it was the mothership."
Others would disagree. After all logical explanations fail, what else is there to consider but something from beyond this world, something extraterrestrial?
"I think it's a high probability," said former Bates College psychology professor Bud Bechtel. "I'm satisfied those people are telling the truth. The explanation for this case is elusive."
Bechtel is not only a professor but a member of the national organization MUFON. That stands for the Mutual UFO Network and they take phenomenon seriously. Bechtel, in fact, is not afraid to use the term UFO - he has been with the organization for two decades.
Living in Weld, Bechtel said he did not experience anything out of the ordinary Wednesday night. However, he was happy to hear that some people were at least considering explanations from outer space.
"It's amazing. That's wonderful," he said. "I'm glad people have reported it. Many people are more open minded about it these days. They dare to talk about it."
The buzz over Wednesday night's sky phenomenon intensified Friday as more and
more people reported their experiences. Accounts of strange, loud noises and
mysterious lights in the sky were coming from a wider area.
And as the mystery gained more attention, the number of theories grew. An astronomer in Greene suggested meteor fragments burning up in the atmosphere were the likely cause. Another Greene man was convinced the military was at the root of the phenomenon. And two men, including one who used to work on military craft, spotted jet fighters in the sky the night of the event.
There also were plenty of people who said they had not ruled out the possibility of the presence of beings from another planet.
As the range of reports of the event widened, folks from Wayne and Litchfield contacted the newspaper to relate their experiences. Those accounts were consistent with those from all over Androscoggin County - men and women, young and old told of a roar from the sky so loud it rattled their homes. Some reported bright flares of light that made the night look like daytime. Some were curious, many afraid.
"It sounded like it was right over my house, and it was loud," said 35-year-old Karen Kenbrous, who lives in East Auburn. "I didn't go outside. I was nervous. I was expecting something to explode."
A doctor who lives in Auburn reported his experience with the phenomenon in a few terse but ominous sentences.
"That sound made me consider the end of the world," said John Comis. "I am not glad I heard it. But I never would have believed in it had I not."
People were openly talking about UFOs and motherships. Some were joking, some not. Others scoffed. And some solid theories were emerging.
"I believe that your observers were treated to an especially fine display of some tardy Perseid meteors," said John Neal, an amateur astronomer in Greene.
The Perseid meteor shower peaked the weekend of Aug. 11 and 12. Neal explained that bolides - extremely bright meteors leftover from that shower - may be the culprits responsible for Wednesday's display.
"These fireballs or bolides are in fact extremely common," Neal said. "But most of them occur over the oceans, and many occur during daylight hours and so are not usually seen."
The bolides "can be isolated phenomena or can occur when the earth's orbit crosses the orbit of a comet," Neal said. "And it is in fact this latter circumstance which I believe is the cause of the recent unexplained lights and noises in the sky."
Others suspect military officials are simply not talking about aircraft they had in the sky Wednesday night.
"A friend of mine down the road, he saw it. It was a KC135 cargo jet," said Arthur Gagne, who lives in Greene. "He said it went right over the trees."
The jet may have been revving its engines as it prepared to land, Gagne said. And he suggested the military would not likely admit it had some massive aircraft flying so low.
Maurice Gauthier of Greene used to work on F-106 jet fighters in the U.S. Air Force. On Wednesday night, he said, several fighters flew over Sabattus, headed toward Greene.
"If they're in stealth mode, they probably didn't even show up on the radar," Gauthier said.
He described a maneuver in which the jet engine's thrust and an "after burner" propels the craft at amazing speeds, fire blazing from the rear of the plane.
"You get a rumble, and it lights up quite a bit," Gauthier said.
He agreed with Gagne that military officials might not readily admit to having jets in the area even though they were asked after Wednesday night's reports. On Thursday military officials in Maine said they had no aircraft in the area at the time of the reports, about 10:30 p.m. Wednesday.
A report from Chris Jordan, who lives in a remote area of Turner, backs up Gauthier's account. He said at about that time, his house was shaken. When he went outside, he saw two fighter jets flying side by side.
"They were humming right along," Jordan said. "They turned, they crossed paths and then they flew off in different directions."
In spite of those accounts, suggestions of other world visitors persisted among some on Friday.
Stephanie Kelley-Romano, a professor at Bates College in Lewiston, has interviewed people who claim to have been abducted by aliens. She is teaching a course on it. She has been to Roswell, N.M., the site of the notorious Area 51, a military base where many believe an alien spacecraft landed decades ago. And she believes there is something to reports of extraterrestrial craft visiting the planet.
"It's always worth keeping an open mind," she said.
But Kelley-Romano is not convinced what dozens of people saw Wednesday night was necessarily a visitor from another world.
"What was reported doesn't necessarily appear to be the result of something intelligent. It didn't have deliberate movement," she said. "What would excite me is a light that will go left or right and then back again."
In East Auburn, Keneborus' daughter was outside Friday looking for meteor fragments, or anything that might be left behind by whatever caused the sensation. Keneborus herself was not discounting beings from another planet. But she was expecting a more earthly explanation.
"Well, you know that's always a possibility. I'm open minded," she said. "But if I had to pick a side of that fence, I'd say it was something other than extraterrestrial. Either way, the people who heard it will never forget it. There's no closure."
Name: Linda Atkins; location: Litchfield, Maine (44.1 N; 70.0 W).
Linda stated that on the evening of August 22, 2001, at about 10:30 pm she awoke very startled by a loud rumbling, vibrating noise that shook the house with the intensity of what she described to be like a freight train passing over her. The loud vibrating sound felt like it was about 20 feet above her house and the sound was heard to be coming from a wide area all around her and not from a specific direction.
The duration of the sound was approximately 15 seconds, when it suddenly stopped and approximately 10 seconds later there was a similiar deep rumbling vibrating noise of shorter duration and of lesser intensity that was heard from a southeast direction as if above a field southeast of her house.
Linda also stated that two bright flashes of white light were observed at the same time as the first loud rumbling vibrating noise and the flashes appeared to light up the sky from her north facing window. The duration of the flashes were short, approximately 2 seconds long and she said similar to what heat lightning looks like. There were no flashes of light observed with the second loud noise. The sky was clear at the time and stars were easily observable.
And here is another account:
Name: Dana Merrill; location: Greene, Maine (44.2 N; 70.1 W).
Dana Merrill of Greene, Maine stated that on the evening of August 22, 2001, at about 10:30 pm, Dana and his wife heard a very loud rumbling vibrating noise, which shook the trailer that they live in and at first thought that it must have been a loud freight train, except that the loud sound came from directly above them and felt low in origin. The total duration of the first sound seemed to last about 30 seconds during which Dana and his wife ran outside to see what could be the cause and observed at the same time as the loud noise, what appeared to be a white beam of light that was spread out at the width of about 60 feet and was low and lit up the sky as a white blinding light. Then the light streaked upward within a few seconds and became approximately 2 feet wide, then it got as small and circular as a "hockey puck" as it continued to move up. The last thing that Dana observed of the light was a blinking, and then observed red, green and blue lights before the light went completely out and at the same time the loud vibrating noise stopped abruptly. A couple of seconds later, the second loud rumbling noise started up with the same intensity with no flashes of light observed and then the noise abruptly stopped. The total duration of the white light that was observed was approximately 30 seconds in from the time it was first seen until it disappeared.
The weather was warm to start out with but became cooler at the time that the noise was heard and the light was observed. There was no interference with electrical equipment noted.
Here are meteorological conditions of the event. On maps of
23 Z August 22,
3 Z August 23,
2 Z August 24 it is well-seen that the event
took place after a rather powerful cloudiness dissipation, and before
another cloudiness upsurge less than 24 hours later, i.e. as geometeors
are used to do.
And one more interesting aspect. The event coincided with commencement of strong mist/fog in the region of Maine. You can see you this from meteorological reports of KLEW meteorological station (44.0 N; 70.3 W), which is situated in the area of the event.
It is interesting that the mist/fog reported by KLEW was one of the most densest, or maybe even the most densest, as other Maine's meteorological stations have reported much weaker mist/fog, as a rule.
In the area of the event relative humidity raised to about 94% and more. And it is known from laboratory experiments that in the narrow relative humidity meanings 95-97% often rather long-living (and relatively cool) plasma formations appear during experiments.
Anyway, are the geophysical lights "plasma" or not (we don't know their physical mechanism and can just propose "plasma"), they have a tendency to appear after cloudiness fading away, before another cloudiness upsurge (maybe it is caused by the above-mentioned relation with relative humidity). The Maine lights appeared after a cloudiness fading away and right at the time of the another "cloudiness" ("low" cloudiness in the form of mist and fog) appearence.
Below is a list of earthquakes detected in the area since 1990. It is seen, that the area has some level of tectonic activity.
Search parameters are: catalog=CNSS start_time=1990/01/01,00:00:00 end_time=2001/10/20,00:00:00 minimum_latitude=43.5 maximum_latitude=44.5 minimum_longitude=-70.5 maximum_longitude=-69.5 minimum_magnitude=0.0 maximum_magnitude=10 event_type=E include events with no magnitude Date Time Lat Lon Depth Mag Magt Nst Gap Clo RMS SRC Event ID ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995/02/12 16:44:31.15 44.2670 -70.2500 5.00 2.80 un 3 0.00 WES 199502124047 1995/02/17 01:13:16.20 44.1730 -70.2360 8.00 2.70 un 8 0.00 WES 199502174003 1999/02/26 03:38:43.00 44.4800 -69.5200 3.20 3.80 Mlg 8 0.00 WES 199902261013 2000/01/03 21:05:50.00 44.3100 -70.1700 9.70 3.50 Mlg 10 0.00 WES 200001034032
The jet-like sounds accompanied a fireball were associated with still
not-completely-understood explosion near Russian town of Sasovo in 1991.
Despite that there was no complete consensus in scientific community on
"what it was", majority of scientific publications (and a mine among them)
point to probably poorly understood manifestation of tectonic processes.
I would like to get first-hands accounts of the Maine event. Anyway, now it is possible to say that the geophysical situation was favourable for geometeors: meteorological situation and presence of tectonic faults in the ground (as earthquakes occur in the area from time to time).
Interestingly, that there was another bright light in the region just 3 days earlier. Here is from American Meteor Society www-site (http://www.amsmeteors.org/fireball/fireball_log.html):
Late-night Carteret light show a mystery
BY DORE CARROLL STAR-LEDGER STAFF
A drowsy mother in Carteret saw the flickering golden lights in
the sky and ran for her camera. A hard-boiled Navy veteran
traveling the New Jersey Turnpike spotted the slow-moving,
bright-yellow V-formation and pulled his car to the shoulder to
get a better look. Police officers on patrol at 12:40 a.m. yesterday couldn't
believe their eyes.Within the hour, Carteret police dispatchers said they heard
from at least 15 callers reporting strange orange flares blazing
high above the Arthur Kill. The eerie glow had people at
backyard barbecues mesmerized, with heads upturned and mouths
agape. Almost 75 vehicles pulled over on the New Jersey Turnpike
to watch the spectacle.But no one seems to know what caused the luminous vision.
Police could not identify the source of the lights, and Newark
International Airport authorities reported no unusual flight
patterns. A meteorologist with the National Weather Service said
nothing in the atmosphere would have caused the bright
disturbance, and an airman at McGuire Air Force Base said none
of their military planes were in the air at that hour.
Whatever it was that lit up the sky above Carteret was by alla ccounts weird.
"It wasn't fireworks, and it couldn't have been a hot-air balloon, not at night near the airfield," said Steven Vannoy, who pulled over on the turnpike with his girlfriend on their way home to Perth Amboy. "What we saw last night qualifies as a UFO. It was an unidentifiable flying object."
A Carteret police sergeant on duty called the State Police and neighboring departments in Linden and Woodbridge to find out what was causing the strange glow, but he said none had received reports of the lights.
Bob Wanton, a National Weather Service meteorologist in Mount Holly, had no explanation for the lights. "Weatherwise, there was nothing that would have caused it," he said.
The aurora borealis, a spectacular show of light high in the northern hemisphere, is seldom visible in New Jersey, said Wanton. The lights normally appear in the winter, he said. "It's very unusual for the northern lights to come down this far, especially at this time of year," he said.
On Staten Island, a spokeswoman for the 123rd precinct in the Tottenville section suggested the display might have come from a nightclub on Arthur Kill Road that frequently uses search lights for promotions. The club had been ordered closed by a judge on July 11 and its phone was disconnected yesterday.
Airman First Class Andre Steverson said no planes from McGuire Air Force Base were flying at that time.
An operations manager at Newark International Airport said there were no reports of unusual activity and said the lights "could have been almost anything," from a group of military helicopters on flight exercises to a blimp.
Maybe, said David Stich, who saw the bursts of light from his back yard in Carteret. But those flares didn't look to him like spotlights or anything else he could recognize.
"I never in my life saw anything like it," said Stich, a lifelong Carteret resident accustomed to the roar and flight path of aircraft from Newark. He compared the lights to volleyballs, dwarfing the surrounding stars, and said they clearly moved in formation.
Around the corner, Pam Russell's husband woke her to see the show. She saw a diamond-shaped pattern in the sky and noticed smaller lights leading the pack and bringing up the rear. "I ran for my camera," said Russell. "But they disappeared." Afterward, she said, the skies were dark and silent.
An Enigma Shines Light On Carteret
BY ALICIA GREY STAR-LEDGER STAFF
When it comes to those mysterious lights seen hovering
over Carteret last weekend, the truth is out there --somewhere.
The problem is, no one can say for sure what that truth might be.
Some think the lights were candles in dark balloons, or
optical illusions caused by swamp gas or chemical
releases from oil refineries near the New Jersey Turnpike.
Others say the only logical explanation is a UFO.
Carteret Police Chief John Pieczyski thinks that in the end,
all the excitement will be for naught.
"I think we're going to see that it was all a hoax. . . . Someone set something up" such as a balloon, Pieczyski said. "If someone did do it (as a prank), they won't keep ita secret."
But that hasn't stopped the legion of reporters, talk show hosts and UFO chasers who have descended upon the gritty Middlesex County borough since early Sunday, when dozens of people reported seeing yellowish-orange lights, traveling in a V-formation across the sky and then slowly fading out. Even the National UFO Reporting Center in Seattle and the National Institute for Discovery Science in Las Vegas are hot on the case. The reporting center has been "flooded" with calls, but director Peter Davenport says it's too soon to determine what people actually saw. But the reports have been so intriguing that Davenport has asked a Medford-based investigator for the Mutual UFO Network of Littleton, Colo., to investigate.
"We don't know what it was, but it deserves our attention,"Davenport said. Davenport said the first call came into to the Seattle center at 2 a.m. EST from a South Plainfield woman who reported that she and her boyfriend stopped along the Turnpike to get a closer look at the strange lights.
Research scientist Colm Kelleher, a deputy administrator at the National Institute for Discovery Science, which uses scientific methods to investigate such phenomena, said his team is eager to track down eyewitnesses.
While he's not ruling anything out, Kelleher said his first hunch is that people actually saw fire balloons, the most common kind of UFO hoax. Such balloons -- made of anything from a hot air balloon to a garbage bag -- are filled with candles and then let go. They can rise up to 2,000 feet in the air. Detective Lt. Daniel Tarrant of the Carteret police was among the dozens who stared into the dark sky around 12:20 a.m. Sunday to catch a glimpse after his daughter -- who was out with friends -- called to tell him to take a look outside. Tarrant said he saw 16 yellowish-orange lights pass over his house. "As I watched them coming overhead, some were burning out and breaking into pieces. Three were left burning," he said. Tarrant believes it was "some sort of debris." Curious people in and around Carteret weren't the only ones who saw something strange in the night sky. Al and Wendy Draina of East Amwell were on the road in Hunterdon County at 11:30 p.m. Saturday when they saw something. "We saw it very briefly," Al Draina said. "We realized it was something unusual. At first we thought it was fireworks. . . . I've never seen anything like it."
Bob Buenzly of Allentown, Pa., and his family said they saw something similar in the sky around 11 p.m. Monday while vacationing at Lavallette in Ocean County. "I have no clue what it could be," said Buenzly's 16-year-old son, Shaun. "But it was definitely not stars." Although a lot of aircraft fly over Carteret -- mostly to and from Newark International Airport -- the Federal Aviation Administration had no report of any "unusual activities" in the area on Sunday or Monday, said spokesman Jim Peters.
"There were planes in that area, but that doesn't mean the aircraft were the cause of what people were seeing at thattime," he said. The National Weather Service said nothing in the atmosphere that night would have caused the bright disturbance. And the lights weren't from military planes either, said Staff Sgt. Michael O'Connor, spokesman for McGuire Air Force Base. The attention this mystery is causing is nothing unusual for Carteret, a small working-class town whose colorful political characters have put it on the map many times. Mayor James Failace pulled over along the Turnpike early Sunday to watch what he described as 15 to 20 lights flying overhead. They were "slowly coming down from the sky. . . . I tell you it was very strange."Failace's explanation? "The only thing I can figure out is that they had heard about me on other planets and they were coming to see what I was doing."
On the Sunday (July 22, 2001) issue of STAR LEDGER (NJ) the following letter was published
Carol Giroux,Edison, [NJ]
But many other witnesses and people, who saw video of the lights reject the airplane explanation. Moreover appeared-later data makes the airplane explanation rather unlikely. Here is from www.nidsci.org/news/newjersey_contents.html :
On July 25, 2001, NIDS sent a FOIA request to the FAA requesting radar tapes
(Tracon) for the July 14-15, 2001 timeframe around the Carteret UFO incident.
NIDS also requested the tower voice tapes for the same time period from Newark
Prior to receiving the FOIA data, NIDS received a preliminary analytical report that details unidentified flying objects without transponders detected on air traffic control radar in the airspace around Newark International Airport on the night of July 14-15, 2001. The report is summarized in table form below.
The following points are to be noted:
All times in the report are Zulu time (GMT). Subtract 4 hours to get Carteret time for each data point.
Speed of the different objects is measured in knots (kts).
EWR refers to Newark International Airport.
NONE of the objects in the table below had transponders.
By far the most noteworthy aspect of this communication is the large number of objects detected that DO NOT have transponders (all commercial aircraft have transponders) in the airspace around Newark International at the same time that an estimated seventy eyewitnesses on the New Jersey Turnpike and a further fifty (estimated) witnesses from Staten Island reported unidentified lights in the same area of sky.
A request to randomly check for aircraft without transponders at the same time on a DIFFERENT night produced the result that there were no objects without transponders in the air around Newark International airport on that second, randomly chosen, night. This "control" study lends support to the notion that such a large profusion of objects without transponders in the air around one of the busiest international airports in the world is unusual. Secondly, the fact that multiple objects without transponders were in the same airspace while over one hundred eyewitnesses on the ground were watching several unidentified objects over Carteret may be of interest.
So let's check a geophysical interpretation.
Here are weather conditions of the KEWR meteorological station (40 degr.41 min. N; 74 degr.10 min. W) based in the area of the lights.
You can see that the lights were associated with air-pressure variations. At least once a weather map shows a trough at these times.
From the cloudiness aspect, the event was associated with rather fast dissipating phase of cloudiness in the area. Here is smoothed and averaged cloudiness for 0-6 Z, July 15, and for 6-12 Z, July 15.
In other words, the weather conditions were favourable for geophysical meteors.
And one more interesting thing: Here are results of investigation of local seismicity:
Date Time Lat Lon Depth Mag Magt Nst Gap Clo RMS SRC Event ID ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1992/01/09 08:50:45.22 40.3630 -74.3410 7.90 3.10 un 12 0.00 PAL 199201094015 1997/01/01 10:50:16.93 41.0090 -73.8578 6.22 1.00 Mc 11 226 4 0.10 LD 1997/03/11 18:31:46.43 40.4093 -74.6278 5.00 0.00 Mc 16 185 69 0.15 LD 1997/06/27 20:58:25.01 40.9423 -74.5097 2.17 1.55 Mc 10 304 9 0.10 LD 1997/07/15 17:29:48.87 40.4100 -74.5420 5.00 2.30 Mc 13 290 85 0.18 LD 1997/10/21 01:10:41.23 41.0032 -74.0863 14.34 0.50 Mc 8 184 14 0.14 LD 1997/10/24 03:32:29.78 40.7645 -74.0690 7.03 0.50 Mc 9 276 30 0.17 LD 1998/06/20 12:54:06.80 40.9565 -74.3490 7.08 1.20 Mc 8 253 12 0.66 LD 1998/08/12 19:30:54.82 41.0100 -73.9285 -0.28 0.00 Mc 9 161 2 0.43 LD 1998/10/08 08:50:59.32 41.0422 -74.3313 2.25 0.00 Mc 5 160 11 0.04 LD 1998/10/08 16:49:00.28 41.0787 -74.3275 1.75 0.00 Mc 6 156 11 0.04 LD 1998/10/09 15:16:01.74 41.0925 -74.3450 3.65 0.00 Mc 9 169 12 0.12 LD 1999/01/12 05:45:14.73 40.8722 -74.1763 7.02 1.40 Mc 10 249 27 0.17 LD 1999/08/10 19:18:36.69 41.1430 -73.9218 5.72 0.00 Mc 6 150 10 0.09 LD 2000/02/16 17:42:13.92 41.0350 -74.3332 0.00 0.00 Mc 6 165 11 0.04 LD 2001/01/17 12:34:22.59 40.7765 -73.9543 7.36 2.40 Mc 16 272 26 0.23 LD 2001/01/19 15:04:42.83 40.7752 -73.9563 5.20 1.20 Mc 11 272 26 0.31 LD 2001/01/25 17:25:40.78 40.9850 -74.3160 0.00 D 2001/03/02 20:19:15.89 40.8930 -74.3720 0.00 LD 2001/04/02 22:14:17.91 40.9320 -74.4870 0.00 LD 2001/04/03 17:14:26.13 41.1790 -73.9420 0.00 LD 2001/04/04 14:00:03.73 40.9950 -74.2610 0.00 D 2001/04/06 14:59:19.78 40.5810 -74.5630 0.00 LD 2001/04/06 18:32:43.65 41.0230 -74.6300 0.00 LD 2001/05/25 17:55:02.79 41.1090 -73.9310 0.00 D 2001/05/31 15:15:01.25 40.8660 -74.2640 0.00 D 2001/06/07 19:31:47.82 41.0140 -74.4570 0.00 LD 2001/06/15 17:37:09.57 40.9600 -74.5410 0.00 LD 2001/06/26 15:19:50.40 41.1760 -74.5710 0.00 D 2001/07/14 20:08:29.39 40.9600 -74.3700 7.00 LD
Below I show hints that the event was probably NNE.
Let's begin with geological conditions. Search for earthquakes in the area gives the following result:
Search parameters are:
include events with no magnitude
Date Time Lat Lon Depth Mag Magt Nst Gap Clo RMS SRC Event ID ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1990/06/16 23:00:00.30 35.4340 -85.2050 16.60 1.40 Mc 13 107 30 0.20 SE 1990/08/16 10:20:40.30 35.4320 -85.1520 22.50 1.50 Mc 12 159 26 0.20 SE 1991/11/21 05:09:42.80 35.2980 -85.5350 10.70 2.00 Mc 16 86 29 0.20 SE 1991/11/25 20:15:51.90 35.4580 -85.0080 6.60 2.30 Mc 9 94 23 0.20 SE 1991/12/10 22:09:53.70 35.5420 -85.1930 10.50 2.50 Mc 18 65 38 0.20 SE 1992/03/30 09:20:30.20 35.5160 -85.0820 18.50 0.50 Mc 11 204 32 0.10 SE 1992/08/01 09:19:45.50 35.3720 -85.2120 12.60 0.30 Mc 5 291 58 0.10 SE 1992/12/14 08:55:02.00 35.1220 -85.5480 7.40 1.50 Mc 9 129 32 0.10 SE 1993/01/15 02:02:50.90 35.0390 -85.0250 8.10 3.10 Mlg 34 136 24 0.30 SE 1993/01/15 05:45:17.00 35.1040 -85.0820 2.70 1.70 Mc 8 201 19 0.20 SE 1993/01/28 06:12:43.80 36.1530 -86.5710 6.40 1.80 Mc 15 100 51 0.30 SE 1993/06/07 10:35:06.00 35.0300 -85.5170 12.60 1.60 Mc 17 122 41 0.20 SE 1993/12/29 02:48:54.40 35.0640 -85.4460 18.80 1.60 Mc 16 182 40 0.10 SE 1994/02/19 08:12:49.80 35.4710 -85.1210 18.50 1.30 Mc 10 89 36 0.10 SE 1994/08/29 07:10:17.30 35.0620 -85.4500 13.90 0.70 Mc 8 173 49 0.10 SE 1994/09/25 05:54:54.20 35.6100 -86.7360 14.80 1.30 Mc 10 121 64 0.30 SE 1997/06/04 23:07:30.60 35.4970 -85.1140 23.80 2.40 Mc 25 83 71 0.30 SE 1997/07/27 08:52:08.90 35.0860 -85.1360 10.10 1.80 Mc 16 169 68 0.30 SE 1997/09/17 03:40:24.10 35.6010 -86.4230 1.50 1.70 Mc 11 96 43 0.20 SE 1997/09/29 19:46:54.90 35.4750 -85.0760 4.70 1.50 Mc 15 165 74 0.30 SE 1997/10/14 06:16:23.40 35.4630 -85.1700 6.40 1.70 Mc 20 164 65 0.20 SE 1997/11/23 13:02:43.60 35.5720 -86.0350 0.00 1.50 Mc 10 128 35 0.80 SE 1997/12/08 06:36:48.30 35.8830 -86.3400 0.00 2.60 Mc 25 87 21 0.50 SE 1997/12/24 01:35:49.40 35.4930 -85.1250 6.50 1.60 Mc 11 162 70 0.30 SE 1998/02/02 07:05:33.10 35.1230 -85.7540 6.70 1.80 Mc 16 230 19 0.40 SE 1998/02/12 07:28:02.80 35.4960 -85.0120 2.10 1.70 Mc 8 172 79 0.20 SE 1998/03/12 10:45:24.60 35.4650 -85.1790 29.70 1.70 Mc 16 130 65 0.30 SE 1998/04/03 01:25:35.50 35.2470 -86.1900 6.30 1.80 Mc 18 108 31 0.20 SE 1998/04/15 00:20:18.50 35.8440 -86.6040 0.00 1.70 Mc 15 128 45 0.50 SE 1998/04/26 06:02:27.40 35.5520 -85.2190 3.10 2.20 Mc 25 108 65 0.40 SE 1998/05/17 15:12:28.70 36.1370 -86.0090 10.60 1.60 Mc 10 159 29 0.20 SE 1998/05/31 10:43:19.90 36.0060 -86.6250 1.90 1.90 Mc 13 98 48 0.30 SE 1998/06/19 01:02:58.60 35.1800 -85.3200 14.90 1.90 Mc 11 186 49 0.10 SE 1998/07/03 13:06:49.50 35.2700 -85.1000 12.10 1.60 Mc 11 123 68 0.20 SE 1998/07/12 22:06:41.70 35.1630 -85.7950 5.00 1.70 Mc 7 276 13 0.10 SE 1998/11/13 22:28:48.60 35.4000 -85.2110 14.00 1.70 Mc 19 110 33 0.30 SE 1999/01/18 17:02:52.20 35.2810 -85.2790 21.70 1.70 Mc 15 109 30 0.20 SE 1999/02/03 16:13:04.50 35.0520 -86.5010 9.10 1.90 Mc 12 147 28 0.20 SE 1999/05/28 12:11:57.90 35.1630 -85.5710 7.90 1.40 Mc 10 136 28 0.20 SE 1999/06/28 01:53:03.90 35.3430 -85.0720 10.00 1.10 Mc 13 95 17 0.30 SE 1999/09/02 21:48:49.70 35.1820 -85.3950 15.80 1.70 Mc 17 137 34 0.40 SEYou see that there were a couple weak earthquakes not far the place of the event, pointing on tectonic fault, and on some level of tectonic activity in the area.
Williamson County residents who heard a loud rumbling sound early this month
probably heard an earthquake five to 10 kilometers underground about four
miles southeast of Franklin.
"Our assessment is that it was a shallow earthquake and not a cave collapse, but we can't rule out that it was a collapse," says University of Tennessee geophysics Professor Rick Williams.
Tennessee Valley Authority seismographs measured the "felt earthquake" at 2.6 on the Richter scale at 10:05 p.m. July 7. TVA's monitors automatically page an official when the measurement is more than 3.0 on the Richter scale. Since the tremor 18 days ago was lower, no page was issued and the record was reviewed later.
A map issued with a TVA report on the earthquake indicates the epicenter of the seismic activity was northeast of Carothers Road and west of Arno Road. Clearview Drive and Saddleview Lane are in that area some four miles southeast of Franklin.
"The earthquake that occurred near Franklin is of interest because it's unusual," Williams said. "And it was looked at relatively closely to see if it was caused by other things."
The seismograph reading rules out sonic boom, the professor said.
"In most cases we can tell the difference," Williams said. "In the first place, sounds in the area - sonic booms, setting off dynamite, rumbles of thunder - don't normally register very well in our seismic network.
"Things in the air don't normally couple with things in rock. The fact that we can see it [on the meter's record] seems to rule that out."
Residents hearing the rumble heard a result of the movement of rock. Compared to other earthquakes, which would be some 20 kilometers deep, this one was shallow. The movement of rock starts a sound wave which travels upward and is carried further by the air.
Since the event was at about 10:05 p.m., there were few other sounds to compete with the sound of the earthquake, so more people heard it. Typically, people call law enforcement agencies which forward the reports to other agencies and those are called "felt earthquake" reports.
"About half turn out not to be earthquakes," Williams said. "In most cases, we try not to run those down and occasionally we are successful. Several years ago, a Space Shuttle landing sonic boom was tracked down."
Sonic booms, however, would result in a series of reports in a line which would approximate the path of the aircraft.
"This event ... was unusual," Williams said.
Tennessee has two major seismic zones. One in the west, the New Madrid seismic zone, is named after New Madrid, Mo., because of an historic event which created Reelfoot Lake.
The other seismic zone is the East Tennessee seismic zone, which is disconnected from the New Madrid zone.
The two are not connected, so the July 7 event is unusual," Williams said.
"I don't know if this event was large enough to create any special concern," he said. "For an event this small, we would not conduct any aftershock studies." Because this area is not recognized as having a propensity for earthquakes, the premiums on earthquake insurance here are inexpensive.
However, the Middle Tennessee area has Karst topography, meaning it has caves, so the collapse of a cave roof to its floor is a possibility, Williams said.
"We record those kinds of things on our seismic network and sometimes they can be relatively large in terms of the seismic effect," he said.
However, seismic monitors aren't in this area. One would need to be closer than 10 miles to get a good measurement of the depth of rock shifting underground.
"We cannot rule out a cave collapse, but we can rule out a sonic boom.
Meanwhile, "Karst can be serious business, not because of earthquake but because it affects the surface, with some possibility of a house being damaged by the falling of the ground. That's not an earthquake. That would be a sinkhole, a cave that fell in."
That can be very expensive for a homeowner, and it's not covered by earthquake insurance, he said.
"Our assessment was that it was a shallow earthquake and not a collapse," he said. "But we can't completely rule out that it was a collapse."
Please, pay attention that Franklin (35.9 N; 86.9 W) is less than 100 km from
Investigation of another aspect of NNE (the meteorological one) shows that meteorological conditions were favourable for NNE. Meteorological maps shows slow-moving atmospheric cold front in the region at about the time of the event. Just look at the map for 16 Z (the front position is given for 15 Z).
It is very important that the event took place right after disappearience of strong cloud's cover over the place (see meteodata below). Moreover, the data demonstrates, that the event took place at the time of the air-pressure maximum, i.e the same, as the Tunguska event, and geometeors in general! Here is meteorological data for a meteostation in the Nashville area (36.1 N, 86.7 W), not far from the place of the event.
There was an interesting follow-up of the event, which I don't comment (thanks to Elias for pointing me to it). From http://www.ecologynews.com/cuenews31.html
HARTSVILLE, TENN - Newly released documentary and eyewitness evidence now links an apparent July 6, 2001 electronic warfare attack on a radio station and weekly newspaper in Hartsville, Tennessee to a nearby unacknowledged secret access project (USAP). This secret project, eyewitnesses say, includes the U.S. Air Force as paymaster, U.S. government aircraft as transportation and security craft; military troops in black uniforms; and black unmarked triangular aircraft. The project may also include a secret electronic warfare unit capable of disabling nearby media outlets with destructive electromagnetic energy.
It has now known that an official U.S. Air Force cheque was used to pay for the clandestine installation of massive telephone switching equipment at a defunct Tennessee Valley Authority nuclear power plant about five miles from the target media outlets. The private contractor who installed the unusually large switching system at a former nuclear power plant that is still officially defunct reported this to the WJKM investigators on condition of anonymity.
Historically, the U.S Air Force has pioneered in the development and use of electronic warfare against civilian targets and populations, notably in the NATO war in Yugoslavia.
Speaking to a live radio audience on July 21, WJKM general manager Ted Randall for the first time publicly released the results on his station's official on-going investigation of the attack. Dan Fluehe and Matt Aaron of WJKM, host Clyde Lewis along with this reporter, Alfred Webre, participated in the radio program.
WJKM's investigation has eliminated other possible causes of the electromagnetic blast, such as power transformer malfunction caused by birds or internal mechanical problems. Centrexnews reporter Joel Skousen, who initially reported that birds caused the electronic attack, declined to participate in the radio program.
Although the nuclear facility has been officially closed for some time, eyewitnesses now testify to clandestine activities going on at the site. These include sightings of tractor-trailer trucks entering and leaving the former nuclear power plant at 2 or 3 AM; sightings of C-130 military aircraft flying over the facility as if to land; sightings of unmarked black helicopters monitoring the area; sightings of military troops in unmarked black uniforms; and - yes - multiple witness reports of black triangular craft hovering over the former power plant. Civilians venturing near the site have also reported being aggressively ejected by a private police force of about 30 plain-clothes men.
Randall presented live and audiotaped eyewitness testimony of the destructive effects of the electronic attack, including a tell-tale flashing blue pulse that accompanied the destruction, and usually accompanies the discharge of electromagnetic pulse weapons. He also presented audio recordings of the audible electronic hum that accompanied the alleged attack, a clear electronic signature of an electromagnetic weapon attack.
The accompanying surges during the event fit the pattern of an electronic attack. According to WJKM, " These surges are not just coming into the power lines. They are also entering the radio station through phone lines and the antenna system. This is evident in blown telephone equipment. Sometimes the equipment is not destroyed but the program settings are scrambled or wiped out."
On the air, Randall described photographs of dead, electronically-fried birds that littered a mile-square area around the radio station, now posted on the station's Internet website at http://www.1090wjkm.com/
Randall stated that local residents are experiencing adverse health effects. Randall said, "It is also interesting that according listeners have called in, there has apparently been an increase in what they are calling fibromyalgia. This is a disease name appointed to the unexplainable severe and disabling pain throughout the entire body over recent years, as well as, an increase in headaches mimicking migraines that are not actual migraines."
Randall documented the 2.4 Richter underground seismic earthquake that struck the area on July 7, the day after the electronic attack, from 10-10:30 PM.
Randall also posted the HAARP magnetometer readings on the WJKM website for the two days - July 6 and July 7. Both the electronic attack and the unusual earthquake were accompanied by massive, anomalous bursts of electromagnetic pulse energy from HAARP, the U.S. Navy's electromagnetic pulse military facility and possible environmental weapons system in Gakona, Alaska. Coincidentally (and perhaps causally) HAARP's magnetometer showed massive spikes of electromagnetic energy for both days.
According to Randall, " At about 10:45 AM Friday [July 6], radio station WJKM and CMR (Country Music Radio), with studios in Hartsville, Tennessee was knocked off the air by a very powerful strange energy blast! There was a crystal clear blue sky, no clouds or rain. It was not lightning"
According to WJKM, in the attack, "All the radio station's lines were knocked out. Several power transformers were blown several blocks away from the studios (smoke seen billowing out of one). All phone lines at the newspaper (The Hartsville Vidette), the local farm co-op and all other phones in this small radius were knocked out! Radio station transmitter lost all MOSFETS and the output - tuning network. All computers at WJKM lost motherboards, network cards etc. ISDN was knocked out. Most all the equipment Zephyr codec and EAS all knocked out."
These effects on radio transmission systems closely resemble the effects on urban radio, television, power transmission and generation facilities attacked by U.S. Air Force electronic bombing in electronic warfare missions in recent military operations worldwide, including Yugoslavia and Iraq.
How and why was electronic warfare carried out in rural Tennessee?
From the known profile of electronic weaponry, the electronic attack upon WJKM appears to have been caused by a tactical electromagnetic weapon, emitting a directed electromagnetic plasma, beam, pulse, etc. at the target. Electronic weapons with this capability are known, and can be land mounted in a facility like the former power plant, mounted in portable facilities like vans, trucks, helicopters or airplanes.
Electronic weapons may even be space-based, on satellite platforms. This reporter has personally met with an Assistant Secretary of Defense at the Pentagon who confirmed the existence of such secret space-based weapons as early as 1977.
An alternative electronic warfare delivery system may involve newly constructed relays for the HAARP installation in Alaska. The potential tactical electronic warfare applications of HAARP are under investigation. Serious public interest researchers maintain that HAARP's electromagnetic energy may cause effects such as earthquakes, such as occurred on July 7 in Hartsville. Electromagnetic weapons have been used in tectonic warfare, intentionally causing earthquakes. Electromagnetic pulse energy accompanies most earthquakes. Research shows that ultra low frequencies emitted by the HAARP installation may affect the human limbic system, and be used for mood management and mind control.
The close resemblance of the Hartsville attack to other U.S. Air Force electronic warfare led to speculation that radio station WJKM may have been chosen as a test target for a clandestine electronic warfare unit located within the power facility, or to which the power facility serves as electronic relay point. The likelihood that the electronic attack was accidental, rather than an intentional military test, is low, given that the targets were media outlets.
One purpose of such test could be to evaluate the physical impact of electronic warfare on U.S. domestic radio installations, a well as the impact of intimidating the local community, as well as the U.S. media reporting of such attacks. The U.S. military has a long history of secretly testing weapons on its unsuspecting civilian population, a practice that is illegal.
Another clue to the motive behind the disinformation attacks may lie in eyewitness accounts of military troops in black uniforms, wearing light blue patches, and military vehicles bearing license plates with the letters "UN" on them. This scenario would be consistent with a disinformation mission, in which United States government troops would be disguised with mock United Nations insignia in order to spread propaganda rumours regarding the actual source of this state terror. In fact, it would appear that U.S. paramilitary troops are carrying out military attacks on the U.S. civilian population. This modus operandi has been characteristic of Central Intelligence Agency sponsored warfare in developing countries, notably Guatemala.
Randall, Dan Fluehe, Clyde Lewis, and this reporter, Alfred Webre, all noted that the electronic attacks targeted two media offices directly - a radio station and a newspaper - both protected entities under the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
Randall indicated that station WJKM and its parent corporation are pursuing an official investigation of the electronic attack, including surveillance of activities at the former TVA power plant. The U.S. Congress has legislative oversight over the many federal agencies that may be involved in this secret project, including the U.S. Air Force, the Tennessee Valley Authority, and other defense "black budget" agencies.
Asked if his company intended to contact its members of Congress to seek a congressional investigation, Randall responded that WJKM is taking this attack and its investigation most seriously. WJKM's Congressperson is Bart Gordon, Dean of the Tennessee Delegation, and currently serving his ninth term in Congress, representing the Sixth District, which includes 15 Middle Tennessee counties.
It is seen that the fireball appeared after fading away of large cloud's formation and before slight cloudiness upsurge. This hints that probably it was caused by self-organization phenomena in finest atmospheric aerosol, as I mentioned earlier. In other words, probably pure meteorological processes were responsible for the fireball. But on the other side, of course, role of endogenic processes can not be ruled out completely, as shallow weak earthquakes occur in the place from time to time.
AMMAN (AFP) - Residents of a Jordanian village attending a funeral got an unwelcome surprise when a fiery meteorite crashed down in their midst, one of them told AFP Monday. "More than 100 of us were gathered Wednesday at sundown to bury a village resident when we saw a strange object that looked like a ball of fire," said Mohammed Nawaf Mikdadi, mayor of Beit Eidess, some 85 kilometers north of Amman. "The meteor shot through the sky from west to east before a part of it came down a half kilometer (quarter mile) from the village, sparking an explosion and then a fire with four-meter flames for 10 meters straight," Mikdadi told AFP. "The villagers thought it was a missile, but when we went to the spot there weren't any metal scraps," he said. The mayor expressed relief the meteorite fell on a rocky area near Beit Eidess and not in a nearby forest, which could have spelled disaster for the village.
Geophysical data reveals several interesting features.
First, weak shallow earthquakes occur from time-to-time in the area of the event, pointing on increased level of tectonic activity in there. Especially on April 25 an earthquake took place not far from the impact place. Below are results of search for similar or stronger earthquakes through catalog of the Seismology Division of the Geophysical Institute of Israel in the area +-0.4 degrees around the impact site for the last decade. The results speak for themself.
|Table of seismic data adhering to search criteria (4 events):|
Between dates : 01 /05 /1991 To: 01 /05 /2001
From long: 35.41 E To long: 36.01 E From lat: 32.13 N To lat: 32.73N
From ML: 3.3 To ML: 8.0
From MSK: 0
Anyway, let's look at the meteorological situation.
Here is meteorological data for Amman and Ben-Gurion Int. Airport from The Weather Underground Inc. (apparently times are local? = UT+3 hours). Please pay attention that the latter data sometimes looks a little bit strange (garbled?).
Here is averaged and smoothed surface temperature's map of the region
Infrared [METEOSAT] satellite picture at 16 UT shows some (low?) clouds in the region. And indeed NOAA (POES) satellite's radiometer data show some areas with temperature of about 0 C in the area of the event pointing that some relatively low clouds were in the region.
Here are for a comparasion pictures taken by NOAA (POES) satellite:
at 10.57z April 18 in visible spectrum/band,
at 10.57z April 18 in far infrared band (channel 4),
at 13.18z April 18 in far infrared band (channel 4),
at 14.03z April 18 in far infrared band (channel 4),
at 14.58z April 18 in far infrared band (channel 4),
at 16.17z April 18 in the infrared channel 4,
at 16.17z April 18 in another infrared channel 5,
The event occured during fading away cloudiness's phase in the region.
I am searching for more detailed geophysical data on the event.
Also it would be very interesting to know, did the fireball deposit any substance?
On May 10, 2002, I got e-mail from Dr. Claude Perron (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire de Mineralogie, Paris, France), who analysed the event soil samples. He wrote that the samples seem to be combustion residues (carbon) and ashes (calcium and potassium carbonate), together with local stones. What caused the fire, he has no idea. but he added that it is certainly not a meteorite.
Did a meteorite make the crater that was found in an Etzikom field this past
April? No one seems to know for sure.
Last month, Dr. Pano Karkanis from the Department of Geology at the University of Lethbridge released his report on the crater. It stated that the 12-foot crater-like formation that farmer Ken Masson found in his field was probably a meteorite that crashed to the ground and sunk into the soil.
However, not all experts agree.
Karkanis did a variety of tests, including microscope testing and soil analysis and nothing proved that a meteorite fell from the sky. There was no debris and the soil wasn't burnt, as it should have been if a meteorite had crashed into the soil.
"The photographs I've seen of the crater do not look like a meteorite plunge pit," says Alan Hildebrand, Canadian Research Chair in Planetary Science, Department of Geology and Geophysics University of Calgary.
He has not seen the site himself, but he says his assistant did take photos. According to Hildebrand a meteorite crater would not have such a high rim around the edge and if the meteorite did sink into the soil, there should be a "trail" or tunnel/mound in the middle of the circle.
The circle in Etzikom is flat.
Hildebrand did examine some "rusty flaky bits" that were found around the outside edge, but they were "poorly consolidated clay nodules" that he found "unremarkable in any way."
Continued on Page 9
Continued from page 1
Weeks before Masson found the circle, a witness reported seeing a funnel-shaped fire over the property that lasted about an hour. Hildebrand says this is also not consistent with a meteorite fall.
'I really don't know what to make of it," he says.
A private researcher from Russia, Dr. Andrei Ol'khovatov believes the crater could possible have been caused by a rare form of atmospheric electricity manifestation (a kind of ball-lightning like phenomenon). It's akin to lightning, but has nothing to do with thunderstorms.
Ol'khovatov has seen a case of such a manifestation before. In December 2000, several people in Salisbury, New Hampshire, reported seeing a softball-size glowing object land in the woods behind their homes. However, the only sign that something happened was two small patches of burned leaves. Richard Spaulding, an engineer at the U.S. Department of Energy Lab in New Mexico, agreed with Ol'khovatov that it was most likely an electrical manifestation.
However, to make that conclusion about the crater in Etzikom, a more detailed chemical and isotopic investigation would need to be done.
Until the meteorite is dug up or a more detailed investigation is made, no one can say for sure what caused the strange abnormal circular crater in Masson's field. Residents in the area can continue to have it as a topic for coffee row.
Also below is a result for earthquakes search in the area, which hint, that there are some minor tectonic activity in it.
Search parameters are:
Date Time Lat Lon Depth Mag Magt Nst Gap Clo RMS SRC Event ID ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1978/08/30 16:33:21.20 48.4900 -111.4850 5.00 3.50 un 8 0.00 NEI 197808304007 1979/08/09 17:12:55.40 48.4870 -111.4660 5.00 3.80 un 8 0.00 NEI 197908094015 1982/07/12 18:11:26.20 48.2570 -111.6120 1.20 2.80 Mc 12 318 173 0.23 MB 1989/07/15 06:00:17.10 48.7350 -111.8970 10.00 2.80 Mc 5 342 219 0.21 MB 1994/08/16 11:03:41.72 48.4890 -111.3330 5.00 4.20 un 23 0.73 NEI 199408164027 1998/04/11 22:28:18.40 48.9150 -111.8350 12.40 2.60 Mc 18 264 153 0.37 MB 1999/05/31 08:02:46.00 49.2360 -111.9730 10.00 2.70 Mc 9 304 214 0.32 MB 2000/10/19 18:08:02.00 48.2340 -111.7170 1.80 2.00 Mc 13 286 147 0.20 MB
But, of course, despite the hints at a geometeor, more data is needed for final conclusion on the origin of the event.
CANBERRA TIMES, Dec.28
Streak in sky has place abuzz
An unexplained cosmic spectacle on Tuesday night has set tongues wagging across Canberra and the south coast.
Beryl Umback, of the southern NSW community of Wynham, said she was stopped in her tracks as she walked home.
"It was just like a flame from a fire . . . a long streak," the 70-year-old said.
Describing the evening as "still light" and "a clear sky", the life-long resident watched the phenomenon disappear over the horizon.
"I wondered what was going on."And she was not the only one.
Police in the region began taking reports of "space junk", sky flares and sonic boom noises about 8pm on Tuesday and continued to do so until 10.30pm.
Senior Sargent Michael Ox, of the Batemans Bay police, said the station received at least a dozen calls, and many more from down the coastline as far as Eden.
ACT Police took only a few calls from the Calwell area and were unconcerned, saying there was "nothing in them".
Eyewitness Mick Grant, of Calwell, agrees, describing the incident as nothing more than a shooting star.
The off-duty fireman was enjoying an evening beer on his veranda when he saw the phenomenon.
"It was a flash that probably went for a fleeting instant," he said. "Nothing more spectacular."
The editor of the Batemans Bay Post and Malua Bay resident Chris Graham disagrees.
"It sounded like thunder had hit the house," he said.
Reports yesterday said a source from the Deep Space Tracking Station in Tidbinbilla suggested the object was a coffee-cup-sized meteorite, but a spokesman said later he was unsure on what the source based his information.
The director of the Science Centre and Planetarium at the University of Wollongong, Glen Moore, writes in an article, "Unfortunately, falls of meteorites and their subsequent recovery are rare."
Space-junk' fire may be home-made
The falling "space-junk" that was thought to have started a fire along the Monaro Highway on Tuesday night may be nothing more than a homemade explosive device.
Derek Emerson-Elliot, of Theodore, and his 22-year-old son were hoping to find an asteroid yesterday afternoon when they searched the area, but were disappointed. Instead, they found a device described by the Emergency Service Bureau as an "incendiary device".
Rick McRae, of the bureau's risk management unit, said, "Based on his [Mr Emerson-Elliot's] description, it sounds like a home-made device."
Mr McRae said people liked to experiment with different designs, and already a few of these devices had started fires in the ACT this summer.
Mr Emerson-Elliot said his son Richard, an honours student at the Australian National University, had found the device by the roadside where they believe the fire began.
NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center interpolated data for December
26, 2000 0 UT,
UT, and 12 UT partly fill the above-mentioned
lacuna in meteodata and shows strong variations of atmospheric pressure
in the area.
Cloudiness level gradually increased during and after the event (see smoothed cloudiness data for December 26 0-6 UT, 6-12 UT, and 12-18 UT).
And here is some a remarkable witness's account from UFO ROUNDUP v.6, No.1 (2001). of the the Dec.26 "UFO overflight": "Ten flaming tails, moving horizontally, very high speed. Strange flying objects were seen by dozens of people across the continent last night (December 26). It was as if they were flying straight into an invisible wall, and beyond the wall they were no longer in the third dimension."
There is an interesting article printed in THE BAY POST/SOUTHERN STAR, Dec.29, 2000.
Loud explosions and fiery balls heard and seen throughout the south
coast night sky on Tuesday are being blamed on falling space junk or a
But the strange happenings aren't just limited to southern NSW - police reported dozens of calls about numerous explosions and sightings from residents as far away as Melbourne and Karatha, in Western Australia. At around 8:30pm police began receiving the first reports, which centred around Batemans Bay in the north to Eden in the south.
A resident of Wyndham reported seeing a fireball, like a comet, streaking through the sky, followed a short time later by a distant explosion. The man said the sound was not thunder, rather more like a sonic boom. His description of the fireball correlated with a description from a man in Karatha.
One particularly loud explosion - reported by up to a dozen residents - centred in the Malua Bay area, 15kms south of Batemans Bay and ranged descriptions ranged from loud fireworks to a bomb going off. Officers were dispatched to the Malua Bay area but were called off after a Highway Patrol Officer told police radio he had received a mobile phone call from a resident who told him the explosion was too loud to be fireworks. Police settled on the theory that the explosions were sonic booms from space junk breaking the sound barrier.
A spokesperson for Batemans Bay police said the reports were too numerous to be a coincidence.
"It wasn't just one boom," the spokesperson said. "There were a number of booms reported.
"We got calls from Malua Bay down to Eden."
Batemans Bay police contacted National Search and Rescue and the Bureau of Air Safety believing the explosions may have been a stricken plane, but were assured there were no reports of aircraft in distress.
"We then rang the defence bases at Fairburn and Sale, but they said they had no planes flying over the Christmas holiday period.
"We eventually got on to the Department of Defence in Canberra, and they rang back later saying the Russians had lost control of the MIR space station.
"The they rang again a little later and said the Russians had regained control of MIR."
Editor of the Bay Post in Batemans Bay, Chris Graham who is a resident of Malua Bay said he was awoken by a loud explosion at around 10:30pm. "At first I thought someone had blown the neighbour's house up and then I assumed it must have been a lightning strike.
"I went outside to watch the storm, but there wasn't a cloud in the sky and the bang was more like an explosion than a thunderclap - it didn't have the cracking sound that thunder normally has.
"I contacted the police and they told me they thought it was a sonic boom. Whatever it was, it was very, very loud."
SALISBURY - The scene was quiet by the time Salisbury firefighters got
there. Neighbors had doused the backyard fire that had prompted the call,
and the meteorite that had started the ground fire had stopped blazing.
Yes, a meteorite.
At least that's what residents report.
Salisbury's extraterrestrial visitor slammed into the backyard of 129 Hensmith Road a little after 5 p.m. yesterday, according to witnesses, burying itself in the ground and starting a small fire.
Stunned residents described the falling ball of fire to Fire Chief Edwin Bowne. "When we got there they told me they saw this meteorite come in," Bowne said. "I've been doing this for 30 years. I've never seen anything like it before."
He said the falling rock had started a flame that burned about an 18-inch area, and that the ground was muddy from residents pouring buckets of water on the small fire. "It's there," he said. "Buried in the mud."
The New England Meteoritical Services reports that the recovered mass of meteorites is some of the scarcest material on Earth, much sought after by researchers and collectors.
So, it's not so surprising that this was a first for New Hampshire fire personnel. "It's a little weird for my book," said the fire dispatcher who dealt with the call. "I've never had anything drop out of the sky on my watch." He said the National Weather Service, which he called for advice, didn't know what to do about the meteoritic visitor either.
"They said, 'We just predict the weather; we don't predict stuff falling out of the sky.' "
According to the New England Meteoritical Services, meteorites are essentially shooting stars that make it to the ground. The majority, it reports on its Web site, originate from asteroids that have shattered. A smaller number come from the moon, comets or the planet Mars. "It's so weird," the dispatcher said. "That's all I can say."
The owner of the landing site could not be reached for comment last night. Other residents on the street said they had heard or seen the fire trucks, but did not get a glimpse of the meteorite itself. And given their inexperience with visits from outer space, some of these residents may have been just a teensy bit skeptical. "I know we're a good place to land in," said Peter Merkes, a Hensmith resident.
As for the meteoritic cause of the fire?
"Sounds like a great excuse," said resident Jerry Lorden with a laugh.
After the strange and mysterious occurrence Monday night, all the casting
was set on this quiet back road in the small town of Salisbury.
There were the neighbors: Tall, bespectacled Paul Kornexl, recuperating from lung surgery with six weeks off work. He saw the plummeting, screeching fireball from his shed. And Donna Ayoub, in her skirt and duck boots trudging through the mud to the spot where she saw the blazing object fall. She's also a witness.
They were the ones who first alerted the authorities.
Then there was the news media. No sooner would one reporter-filled car skid away from the quiet clapboard houses on Hensmith Road yesterday than a van with camera equipment in the back would pull up. Television, radio and newspaper all took their shots - even Imus sent a crew member to the scene. And there were the scientists. Flagging off the area, tip-toeing on the mossy rocks and logs - the only solid ground in the forest muck - these experts were searching for the evidence.
The only thing missing was the extraterrestrial object of honor.
Despite witness statements and fire department reports Monday, there was no meteorite to be found.
"I did see what there was to see, which wasn't much, to be quite honest," said Sandy Michener, a meteorite expert at the Christa McAuliffe Planetarium. "I don't think it was a meteorite."
Although meteorites - or shooting stars that make it through the atmosphere to Earth - have been found in these parts, they don't typically arrive in the way residents said this visitor entered.
Kornexl and Ayoub said they saw a flaming mass the size of a softball drop into the forest behind their lawns.
"The whole area lit up," Kornexl said. "I was looking around to see if a plane was flying overhead."
When the falling blaze crashed into the dried leaves coating the backyard mud, a ground fire started. Kornexl called the police and, with his neighbors, rushed to douse the flames. They extinguished the blaze by the time firefighters arrived.
"I just happened to be standing in the window," Ayoub said. "If we didn't see it the whole woods could have caught on fire."
Kornexl, whose jeans still show a darkened burn splotch from the previous night's adventure, nodded.
"I wonder if it's covered by fire insurance," he said. "House burnt down by meteor."
In the morning frost, all that remained were two small burn areas about 6 feet apart. Little hand-made signs asked onlookers to please not disturb. There were a couple of holes that Ayoub said she was able to push a stick into, but no crater.
"You couldn't see all this last night," she said.
While it's unusual for people to actually witness a meteor fall, it's even less probable for the object to land without a mark. Brian Marsden, the associate director of planetary science for the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, said a softball-shaped object would generally leave a crater about 10 times its own size.
"It's coming in so fast it actually explodes when it comes in," he said. But he said there was a slim chance it could sink into soft ground. "If it goes into a bog, then yes, it's going to sink when it goes into the bog. Probably making a big splash I would think." Usually it's more than a splash.
A small meteorite that fell on a parked New York car some years back decimated the vehicle. The car is now passed town to town on the scientific museum circuit - a perfect tribute to the power of physics.
But maybe the Salisbury crater was covered up by the Hensmith Road neighbors' efforts to put out the fire. On Monday night they were pouring buckets of water on the already muddy ground, stomping on it and raking it to get rid of the dangerous flames. Perhaps the earthly dent was filled.
But even then, Marsden said, the description of a fiery descent doesn't fit with meteoritic patterns. Most fireballs in the sky burn up before they get this far down in the atmosphere. And, said Russell Kempton, the director of the New England Meteoritical Society, any small meteorite would stop burning by the time it got to the Earth's surface. Because of increased air resistance this far down in the atmosphere, he said, the object would have slowed considerably. In fact, it would have slowed to the point that friction heating - which caused it to blaze in the first place - stopped making it burn.
"If you get something really, really large, like a quarter-mile across, that's not completely going to stop," Kempton said. "But that's complete destruction there."
And on Hensmith Road in Salisbury, past the point where the road turns to gravel, behind the neat, single- family homes, there was little destruction. "I really don't know what it was," Michener said. "But I'm pretty sure it wasn't a meteorite. It probably had a more earthly origin." Which seems disappointing for Salisbury and for the scientists. Meteoritic material, which is extremely rare, can provide insight into the origins of the universe, life on Mars and the beginning of species. And it can collect a pretty penny.
Grams of meteoritic rock can sell for tens of thousands of dollars. Larger pieces are worth hundreds of thousands.
"This could be a piece of Mars," Kempton said. "That's priceless."
But it's likely the folks at the planetarium will get over it. It's not so unusual for scientists to get a false meteorite alarm.
"People bring in objects all they time they think are meteors," Michener said. "It hasn't happened yet."
Kempton said people call his New England Meteoritical Society, which helps prepare the extraterrestrial objects for study, "anytime someone sees something in the sky."
But if the Salisbury visitor wasn't a meteorite, residents ask, what was it?
Kornexl didn't see a plane, and the site is a bit out of the way for adolescent pranksters. The Ayoubs called the Army National Guard to see if there was any activity. The answer was no. But, the neighbors say, something was there.
"I used my metal detector last night and it read all metal," said Dave Ayoub, Donna's husband and one of the residents who helped extinguish the fire. "But it doesn't read Mars or Jupiter."
He said when he went back outside yesterday afternoon there was no reading.
"But I can vouch for one fact," he said. "I was the one who put out the fires. There were two fires there. We weren't burning brush or anything."
And so the facts remain. In Salisbury Monday night there were two sudden, adjacent fires in the deserted woods behind a quiet dirt road. And at least three people - Donna Ayoub, her mother-in-law and her neighbor - saw a ball of fire fall from the sky moments beforehand.
The truth is out there. But the meteor, it seems, is not.
NEW DURHAM. Simple chance led a man to witness
the meteor that shot down into the back yard of a Salisbury house causing
a small fire Tuesday.
Ron Nordquist said he decided to walk his dog before going to sleep at about 5 p.m. and saw the meteor streaking across the sky. He said he is 99 percent sure that what he saw was the meteorite that landed in Salisbury, about 50 miles away. Nordquist checked a map and said it seemed it went toward that direction.
"It wasn’t the typical falling star," Nordquist said. "All I can think of was a flare. All of a sudden, there it was."
But, Sandt Michener, of the Christa McAuliffe Planetarium in Concord, said the object was probably not from space. It could have been a flare dropped from an airplane or debris from fireworks, he said.
State geologist David Wunsch said a meteorite would probably have made a bigger impact. He gets several calls about meteorites that turn out to be something else, he said. Scientists refer to a meteor that has fallen to the Earth as a meteorite.
Nordquist doesn’t challenge the experts, he just knows what he saw.
He said the object burned a bright white at first then took on a greenish hue as it descended straight down below the horizon. Although he said the meteor dropped fast, it looked to him to fall in slow motion.
"It was so bright and it stayed lit behind the trees," he said.
Nordquist, who often watches the sky for meteors and northern lights, called his brother in Canada to tell him about what he just saw. He often talks to his brother about things he’s seen in the sky such as passing satellites he sees through his telescope.
Because he works nights, Nordquist said he likes to look out at the sky on his breaks and has seen several meteors before, but none that ever landed in the area. After reading about the meteor in Fosters Daily Democrat, he decided to report witnessing the event.
In this area weak earthquakes occur from time to time. This point to some level of the local tectonic activity (I underline, that it does not mean that the fireball was to be associated with an earthquake).
Meteorological conditions were very favourable for geometeors.
is the data for Laconia (43.5 N; 71.5 W), which is not far from Salisbury
taken from The Weather Underground Inc.. Times are EST.
More aspects are seen from the data. The first one is that there was a fall of airpressure at the time of the event. And the second one is that there was significant increase in cloudiness level on the next day after the event.
The latter one is well-seen on two NOAA satellite pictures (compare: 21.36 UT, Dec.4, and 9.58 UT, Dec.5).
But the most impressive the cloudiness development is seen at GOES-8 pictures ( 22.15 UT, Dec.4, and 1015 UT, Dec.5, i.e. just 12 hours later).
According to the reports, the geometeor was probably of rather low energy, and the only thing it was able - to ignite/burn some litter.
In December, 1939, Dr. Assar Hadding, the Director of the Geological Institute at Lund, Sweden, presented a paper before the Swedish Physiographical Society, supporting the planetary origin of meteorites and describing two specimens-one of limestone and one of sandstone-that he believed had fallen from the sky. He related, with regard to the limestone specimen, that on Easter eve, April 11, 1925, "a beautiful meteor was observed moving towards the west across Ostergdtland and the Baltic outside." The next day he was informed that the stone had fallen "near the farm of Blcckcnstad, just south of Mjolby." Unable to go there himself, he immediately sent one of the assistants of the Institute, Dr. Sven Holgersson, who returned two days later, bringing a sample of the "meteorite" and a report of his investigation at the site where it was found. The fall had been observed by several persons. "One of these, farmer Oskar Gustafsson," Hadding stated, "had at once collected bits of the crumpled stone and given them to Holgersson. The ground around the place where the stone had fallen was carefully examined in search of other stones that had more similarity to known meteorites. No such were found, but only a small heap of fragments from a stone of exactly the same kind as the one found by Gustafsson. The fields around the place also were searched, and more fragments were found. They all lay in a narrow belt along the course that the stone was said to have taken. .... "Oskar Gustafsson, a respected and reliable man, whose words could not be doubted, had related that he had seen the bright body in the sky and that it was seen to fall. He was standing on the road leading up to his farm, and, in the field in front of him, some 50 meters from the road, two children were playing, his niece and nephew. Suddenly he saw the falling body sweeping over the heads of the children like a white ball and breaking against the gTotind. 'It looked like a newspaper that had been crumpled up into a ball. Somehow it fluttered open.' <...> Gustafsson had taken the children up to the house and then gone back in order to find out what had fallen down. He found the split-up, white stone and knew at once that it was limestone. He collected some of the splinters, finding the whole thing rather curious. One thing he was convinced of. Nobody could have thrown the stone there, and, in the 25 years that he had owned the farm, he had not limed the land a single time. He was absolutely certain that the stone must have fallen from the sky.". After Holgersson returned to Lund, Hadding sought a supplementary report from Dr. Sven Zensen, of the Swedish Riksmuseum. who also had gone to Bleckenstad to investigate the fall. Apparently, Zensen found nothing either to strengthen or to discredit Holgersson's report, for Hadding observed that "there were no essential new points." All the fragments of the stone found by Gustafsson and Holgersson "were lying loosely on top of the crop and the grass in the field," Hadding stated. "They must have only just got there." In conclusion, he expressed the conviction that, "under the circumstances." the observations on the fall "could hardly have been better. The stone, or rather the splinters that were preserved, were, according to Gustafsson's account and Holgcrsson's investigations, the very stone that fell." This narrative, which is quoted from an English translation published in Sweden, is followed by a description of the specimen: "a white, or slightly grayish-yellow, fine-grained mass, somewhat porous," composed of almost pure calcium carbonate. Small fragments of calcareous shell, undefinable in character, are scattered thru it. Among Swedish rocks, Hadding stated, he knew of none that bore a striking resemblance to the specimen. "It is impossible to mistake the splinters for any of them; nor can they be mistaken for burned or slaked lime from a sugar refinery, or any other product to be found in the country." The breakage of the stone, which reduced it to what Hadding called splinters, made impossible any satisfactory determination of its surface features. Some of the splinters, however, revealed a peculiar gloss, according to his statement, which he had never seen "in natural limestones or in burnt or otherwise prepared stones." He believed that the gloss may have resulted from atmospheric friction during the flight of the stone, which he designated as the "Bleckcnstad meteorite." The sandstone specimen received much less attention in Hadding's paper. "Several years ago," lie stated, "1 was sent, from a farm in South Sweden, a small sample of stone that was said to be a meteorite. A farmer had been walking with his wife and daughter in the garden one morning when suddenly a stone came spinning thru the air. Nobody had thrown it. It was crumpled against the garden path, but the fragments were collected and sent to me. It was loose sandstone. In spite of the assurance of the absolutely trustworthy finders that the stone was a meteorite, I presumed some kind of mistake, and the fragments were not preserved for further investigation. Alas! Others may have acted like me!"
You can read more interesting info in this article here:
If the reference does not work then go to:
choose in there: popular astronomy, v.55, p.96
A letter, addressed by the Secretary of the Corporation of the Trinity House to the President of the Royal Society, states that at 2 a.m. Nov.13, 1872 a meteor burst over the "Seven Stones" light-vessel, moored about 9.5 miles E. by N. of the Scilly Islands. The watch were struck senseless for a short period, and on recovery they observed "balls of fire falling in the water like splendid fireworks," while the deck was covered with cinders, "which crushed under the sailors' feet as they walked." The superintendent reports that the men say there was a very decided smell of brimstone, but add that they did not mention that until he asked them. There is reason to fear that the cinders were all washed off the decks by the rain and sea before daylight; and it happened also unfortunately that the men did not think to observe the compasses.
- The Buffalo Commercial Advertiser of the 11th inst. =
says: -About haft-past two o'clock this morning, a most brilliant meteor =
shot athwart the sky, a little to the south and west of this city. When =
first seen, it was at an elevation of about fourty-five degrees, nearly =
in the southwest, and thence moved rapidly to the northward, till it =
reached a point to the northwest of the city, when it bust with a load =
explosion, resembling the blasting of rocks, succeeded by a heavy =
rumbling sound for some moments. The meteor was very large, and its =
light was like that of day. The sky was perfectly clordless at the tume. =
In the fore part of the evening, there was quite a brilliant display o =
the aurora borealis.
The Buffalo Unionst adds the following:=20 The meteor which we mentioned in our paper as having been witnessed in = this city a few days since, appears to have been very generally = observed. The last Westfield Messenger contains a very long and able = article on this subject.
The editor says: "On Monday morning last, about 3' o'clock, we were awakened by a sudden = and extremely brilliant light which shone through the window of our = sleeping apartment. On opening our eyes, we had a momentary glimpse of a = vividly luminous body or trail, which almost instantly passed out of = sight, and was gone. We were convinced it was a large meteor, and = expected an explosion. We waited from three to five minutes, when a = report burst through the welkin like a piece of heavy ordnance standing = within a short distance. There was nothing in it like thunder, but a = perfect resemblance to the sound we have named. It shook the house = sensibly, as it did others, - in one instance jarring a tooth-brush from = the window to the floor. Its direction was northerly, and the explosion = took place probably, over the lake. The light emitted was nearly as bright as day-light at meridian. The = shingles on distant houses were distinctly visible. Mr. Sexton our = post-master, was at the time of its passage, assorting the mail, having = two candles to furnish him light; but the light of the meteor was so = great as to make them appear like burning candles in full daylight.
The following rather startles our credulity, but we give it verbalism = from the Messenger: "Since writing the above, we have conversed with Mr. Horace Palmer, who = was on his way from Dunkirk to this place, when the meteor appeared. He = was two or three miles from Dunkirk, when he appeared to be instantly = surrounded with a most painful vivid light, proceeding from a mass of = florid or jelly-like substance, which fell around and upon him, = producing a sulphurous small, a great difficulty of breathing, and a = feeling of taintness, with a strong sensation of heat. As soon as he = could recoverm from his astonishment, he perceived the body of the = meteor passing above him, seeming to be about a mile high. It then = appeared to be in diameter about the size of a large steamboat pipe, = near a mile in length. Its dimensions varied soon; becoming first much = broader, and then waning away in diameter and length untill the former = was reduced to about eight inches, and the latter to a fourth of a mile, = when it seperated into pieces which fell to the earth, and almost = immediately he heard the explosion, which he says, was tremendous. On = arriving here in the morning, his face had every appearence of having = been severely scorched; his eyes were much affected, and he did not = recover from the shock it gave his system for two or three days. This is = really a marvellous story, but Mr. Palmer is a temperate and industrious = man, and a man of integrity, and we believe that anyone conversing with = him on the subject, would be satisfied that he intends no deception, but = descibes the scene, as nearly as possible, as it actually appeared. = Probably, however, his agitation at his sudden introduction to such a = scene, caused the meteor to be somewhat magnified to him. Witnesses here = speak of the sparks which were given off; probably one of these fell and = enveloped Mr. Palmer. In addition to its light, Mr. Palmer states that = its passage was accompanied by a sound like that of a car moving on a = railroad, only louder.
At Salem, an observer stated the meteor to be "as large as a house"- = rather indefinite, but proving it to have been one of extraordinary = magnitude. It was noticed at North East, Waterford, and Sugar Grovem = Pa.; Harmony, Chautaugue and other towns in this county. In Chautauque = an observes describes it as six or eight inches in diameter, and half a = mile long. We learn also, that it burst about three miles beyond Fredonia, or about = eighteen from this place. The report is, that a fragment has been found, = a foot or more in diameter, but we know not the original authority of = that statement. If it did burst where it is represented to have done, and it was seen = here untill it exploded, its elevation mist have been about thirty-five = miles. Its course is represented by all to have been northeasterly. In 1812, a large meteor bust in England, and discharged more than 3000 = stones to the ground, some of them weighing twenty pounds. The = remarkable stone which fell in Connecticut twenty-five years ago, in day = time, weighed near a ton. It was bright and luminois, but did not = explode: and rushed to the earth with such force that it sunk three or = four feet beneath the surface, making a tremendous jar.
Proceedings of The Royal Society Vol. VI 1850-1854 pages 276-277.
January 27, 1853.
A letter was read giving an account of "An Explosive Meteorite."
By Francis Higginson, Esq., R.N. Communicated by Thomas Bell,
Esq., Sec. R.S. &c. Received December 23, 1852.
The writer states that his attention having been aroused by the highly electrical state of the atmosphere during a severe gale of wind, he proceeded along the beach in the vicinity of Dover, at 2 A.M. on the morning of Friday, the 17th of December 1852.
It had blown very hard during the night, the wind veering from West to W.S.W., in occasional heavy squalls of rain and sleet, accompanied at intervals by faint flashing scintillations, which at first, being considered sheet lightning, were only noticed from their unusual colour, a deep and sombre red. At about 4h 50m A.M., however, these flashes constantly emerging from a dense, triangular and very remarkable cloud in the S.E., which perceptibly increased in size with great rapidity, he was induced to observe it with minute attention. At 4h 55m A.M., Greenwich mean time, the cloud had assumed the form of a right-angled triangle, its hypothenuse, or longest side, tending east and west. At this instant he first heard a singular and extraordinary hissing sound in the air, not unlike that of a passing shot, which, although at first not very loud, was yet clearly distinguishable above the howling of the gale. At 5 A M. the cloud had nearly doubled its original size, advancing steadily from the S.E. in a N.W. direction, or from nearly dead to leeward, towards the wind's eye ; whilst the scintillations spoken of were emitted with increased rapidity. He also then first perceived in the centre of the cloud, a dull, red, obscure nucleus, or fire-ball, apparently about half the diameter of the moon, having a tail five or six times that length, from which the flashes mentioned were sent forth, of surpassing brilliancy, as the meteor clearly descended with great velocity through the air, accompanied by a detonating, hurtling, hissing sound, impossible to describe, yet resembling that which precedes the shock of an earthquake. At three minutes past five o'clock A.M., the meteor having apparently spanned the Channel from S.E. to N.W., upon approaching the land - evidently throwing off portions of its substance as it passed through the atmosphere - the nucleus suddenly exploded with a report similar to a very heavy clap of thunder, giving out an intensely brilliant light, which rendered the minutest objects distinctly visible, although it rained violently and the sky was obscured by dark and threatening clouds. The dense body of the meteorite seemed to fall in the water about half a mile from the land, as indicated by a great volume of spray, which rose foaming in the distance.
From the Chicago Tribune, April 10, 1879
A METEORIC STONE TAKES A TRIP TO WISCONSIN AND HIDES UNDER A BARLEY FIELD.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., July 20. - People in the vicintiy of Grafton, Ozaukee County, are very much excited over the fall of a meteoric stone near that place. While a party of harvesters were at work in a barley field on the farm of Henry Deiderick, a mile and a half south of the village, they were startled by a loud noise, much like the roar of a train of cars. The noise increased in volume in a few seconds so as to become almost deafening. The unusual sound seemed to come from the heavens, and looking on, the harvesters saw what appeared to be a huge ball of smoke rapidly descending. It was a meteoric stone, which struck the earth within a few rods of where they were standing and buried itself deep in the ground. Since the descent of the meteor Mr. Deiderick's barley field has been visited by hundreds of people, including many scientific men. The hole in the ground is between three and four feet in circumference. Its depth is unknown, all attempts to find bottom by inserting long poles having, it is said proved futile. Mr. Deiderick is now engaged in excavating the earth around the spot where the meteor lies imbedded, and intends to bring the latter to the surface if it takes all Summer.
(Note: A search in Meteorite A to Z did not find any meteorite as having fallen at this time in this location).
Strikes a House and Kills Two Children - Brings Rain
Chichihua, Mex., July 14. - Particulars have reached here of the fall of a meteor in a small mining town of Santos Reis, this state. The meteor was of immense size and as it descended through the air it was a molten mass of metal. It made its descent at noon, and was accompanied by a report louder than that made by a cannon. It struck the house of a miner and demolished the building killing two children and then buried itself in the ground to a great depth. A large part of the meteor was broken off when it struck, and it was sent to the National museum at the City of Mexico. There has been no rain in that section for nearly a year, but within twenty minutes after the fall of the meteor the sky became overcast with clouds and a heavy fall of rain took place.
Parkersburg, West Virginia, March 10 - A meteor burst over the town of
New Martinsville yesterday. The noise of the
explosion resembled the shock of a heavy artillery salute, and was heard for
twenty miles. The cylindrical shaped ball of fire was forging along in a
southwesterly direction when first discovered. The hissing sound of the fire
could be heard for miles, and the smoke gave the meteor the appearance of a
When the meteor exploded the pieces flew in all directions, like a volcanic upheaval, and solid walls were pierced by the fragments. David Leisure was knocked down by the force of the air caused by the rapidity with which the body passed before it broke.
The blow rendered him unconscious. One horse had its head crushed and nearly torn from the trunk by a fragment of the meteor, and another horse in the next stall was discovered to be stone deaf.
The coming of the meteor was heralded by a rumbling noise, followed in an instant by the hissing sound and immediately the ball of fire, spitting and smoking, burst into full view, and before the people had time to collect their senses, the explosion occurred.
Small One Near Alexandria - Large Aerolite at Cambridge
Alexandria, O. Sept. 16. - A large aerolite fell near this village about = 3 p.m. The meteor was first noticed in the northwest and was traveling to= wards the east. It was accompanied by a blinding light and made a noise r= esembling a rocket. When about a mile east of town it burst into three pi= eces apparently about six inches in diameter. Although it fell within a f= ew rods of some workmen, a search failed to reveal any trace of it. As it= fell in the neighborhood of a swamp it would be very difficult to locate= it exactly.
Cambridge, O. Sept. 16. Wednesday afternoon Mr. and Mrs. John Carnes, whi= le driving along the Byesville road about 3:30 o'clock were greatly start= led by witnessing the fall of a meteor on the Burt farm. Mr. Carnes repor= ted the occurrence of his arrival here and about 5:30 o'clock Messrs. She= rrard and Stanley drove out.
On their return they reported they had located the meteor and as well as = they could judge, it would weigh about 300 pounds. Mr. Carnes said that i= n falling it was in shape of a top, the large end being about two and a h= alf or three feet across, and that when it struck the earth it had spread= out and that small pieces had been broken off. When found by Messrs. She= rrard and Stanley it was still warm and for some distance the grass was s= till burning. They brought a small piece home and it is now on exhibition= at Senhauser's store. Two other meteors were reported, one as having bee= n seen at Pidgeon Gap and the other in Knox township.
Mark Note: The "O' in the location is the same as the state of the paper,= Ohio. Meteorites A to Z (second edition available now) does not show any= meteorites found at this time. Story does not sound right either as I a= m sure many of you are thinking. Like the Chicago fire, I think we can b= lame this one the neighbors cow.
I think that I don't need to comment this.
AN ELECTRICAL SPHERE.
BUILDINGS AND TREES DAMAGED.
Sydney, April 26.
Mr. Russell, the Government Astrono- mer, received a telegram from Cootamun- dra yesterday morning, stating that a me- teoric electrical sphere traversed the main street at midnight. The phenomenon tra- velled in a north-west to south-easterly direction, and in a few seconds did a great deal of damage to buildings, trees and tele- graph poles. Thermometers were thrown out of their boxes, and the rain - gauge was overturned.
A MYSTERIOUS VISITOR.
Sydney, April 26,11 p.m.
The floodwaters at Cootamundra had no sooner subsided on Friday, leaving the wrecked streets revealed, than the residents were rudely awakened by a second great disaster, which completely wrecked a por- tion of the town, lifting roofs and destroying buildings in all directions. As to what really caused the disaster is not exactly known, but it seems to have been something in the nature of an electric current or cyclone. The Government Astronomer, in the absence of reliable data, calls it a meteoric electrical sphere. However, whatever the phenomenon was it traversed the main street shortly after midnight on Friday, and in a few seconds did a great deal of damage. From accounts to hand it appears that the few people who were about heard a roaring noise, which was immediately fol- lowed by a fireball, which seemed to strike White's Globe Hotel, and apparently pro- ceed along Wattendoon-street. It only lasted a few seconds. The wind was blow- ing at the time, but it did not appear to have any great force. It was very dark after the flash of the fire- ball, and those who were not in the track of it had no idea that damage had been done to the buildings it struck. They could not discern from the noise whether it was thunder or crashing timber. The sight of trees and branches strewn about was the first intimation that any damage had been done. Constable Mangelsdorf, who witnessed the fireball, says he and Constable Wilson walked on to the middle of the roadway soon after the roaring noise, and then no- ticed sheets of iron and other building ma- terial scattered about the road. He re- marked to his mate that there had been a cyclone. The wind was not suffi- ciently strong to carry timber from the wrecked buildings hundreds of yards. Another mysterious feature was that Constable Wilson lost his cap, and afterwards found it on the other side of the street. As he did not feel any strong wind at the time the disappearance of his cap is peculiar. The disturbance struck Mr. Catt- wood's residence on a hill, and after doing slight damage to it it wrecked the stable of the City Bank to pieces. Trees in the gar- den were torn up, and the back balcony carried away, while chimneys were destroyed. It crossed Parker-street and wrecked the balcony of the Globe Hotel, and unroofed all the outbuildings. The post and telegraph office was slightly damaged. The roof of the back portion of the Commercial Bank was taken off, and the iron pillars of the balcony shifted. Messrs. G. Thompson & Co.'s premises suf- fered severely, the roof being wrenched to pieces. The building which it fairly seized was the Commercial Hotel. These premises were completely wrecked. How the in- mates of the hotel escaped injury is miraculous. One of the boarders, named Wright, who occupied one of three beds in a room, heard the roaring noise, and thinking something terrible was going to happen, he covered his head with his pil- low. All at once the roof was carried away, and bricks began to fall. Fully 60 bricks fell on his bed, his legs being bent down by the weight. Wright was got out with a few bruises. The roof of Mr. F. Southee's large produce shed fell into the street. Mr. F. Nash's premises lower down the street were badly wrecked, the ceilings and roofs being lifted bodily. In one of the bedrooms occupied by daughters of Mr. Nash the bed curtains were caught up be- tween the top of the wall and the ceiling. Yet no one was injured. Trees were taken across the railway-line, making a narrow track through the paddocks away to the east. The estimated damage is £4,000, and the following is a list of the principal sufferers:-J. Ryan, Commercial Hotel, £1,500; F. Nash, butcher's shop, £800; W. White, Globe Hotel £500; Com- mercial Bank, £300; S. Ward, Terminus Hotel, £220; City Bank, £200; J. J. Leahy, office and bulk room, £75; G. Thompson and Co., produce dealers, £50; executors late J. Mackay. £50; J. Deal's cottages, £50; courthouse, £50; post-office, £40; W. H. Richardson, blacksmith's shop, £30.
Meteor Explodes on Farm
During a heavy rain at night recently, a large meteor fell on the land of Gottlieb Zalger near Hokab and set fire to a haystack. Mr. Zalger was looking out of the window when he saw the meteor fall near the stack. It exploded, breaking into small fragments, each a molten piece of metallic substance at white heat. the windmill stack and an oak tree were scorched by flying bits of the meteor which were afterward picked up by the farmer.
Willimantic people heard a heavy peal of thunder, accompanying which was a
sharp of lightning, at 12:35 o'clock this morning. There was only this one
report but at Storrs it was so terrific as to wake nearly everybody up, many
people getting up to see what happened. Mr. Beebe, the store-keeper at
Storrs, says the report was like a great explosion and according to him some
of the people at Storrs believe a meteor exploded although no pieces of
anything like a meteor have been found. There are several big holes in the
ground, however, that may have been made by the pieces of the meteor, if
that is what it was, burying themselves.
F. C. Guenther, clerk at the agricultural college, and Frank McLean, the football coach, happened to be up during the storm and when the explosion occurred they looked out and saw what looked like a huge ball of fire descending. This struck a telegraph pole near Mr. Beebe's store, splintering and twisting the pole, and then entering F. M. Chadwick's house, going in near the ground and working up towards the roof, tearing off base-board, breaking glass, making holes in ceilings and passing out over a door, but not setting the house on fire.
Dr. R. C. White was at Storrs today and said that whatever caused the damage was some terrific force. There are four or five big holes in the ground, all within a radius of 25 or 30 feet. It may have been a meteor that struck Storrs, and then again it may have been just lightning. And on the next day in WILLIMANTIC CHRONICLE 23 Oct 1909:
Frank McLean, the football coach at the Connecticut Agricultural college, in
talking with a Chronicle reporter today in relation to the alleged meteorite
that burst over the village of Storrs early yesterday morning, said that he
had seen a lot of lightning, but none of it was like what he beheld
yesterday morning as he stood at his bed-room window at the college.
From over the hill, back of the dairy barn, there suddenly came a ball of
fire leaving a trail of light behind, some thirty or forty feet long. There
was no zig-zagging, but a direct course. The ball of fire in its movement
made a sizzling sound and there followed a terrific explosion such as he had
never heard before. "Words cannot describe the sight nor the nature of that
explosion," said McLean.
F. M. Chadwick, whose house was struck, said that when the report came he and his family were stunned. The house seemed to rock and they were thrown to the floor. As soon as they recovered they got up but found no evidence of fire. A telegraph pole in front of Chadwick house was splintered in fine pieces and there was a large hole in the ground.
MISSING HEAVENLY BODY STRIKING SEA NEAR VESSEL, DEMAGNETIZES INSTRUMENTS AND SETS CREW A-TREMBLING.
CARDIFF. Feb 26. -- Weird in the extreme was the story told by Capt. Davies of the steamer Trafalgar, now in port, with his ship disabled by an unaccountable magnetic visitation that rendered the compass useless. "We have been struck by a comet or a thunderbolt, and our ship is disabled," he said. "We were bound from Port Talbot to Bastia with coals, leaving port on Wednesday, and this morning we were about ten miles southwest of the Wolf Rock when the vessel trembled violently, and there was a loud sharp report like the explosion of a cannon. The foremast seemed a mass of flames, and the whole ship became aglow. "At that moment we saw a large fiery body, with a tail about 30 feet to 40 feet long, strike the sea about 20 feet from us. Its appearance was accompanied by a loud hissing noise, and as it disappeared a column of water rose in the air.
Sets Fo'c's'le "on Fire."
"Directly after the men came running out of the forecastle, saying it was on fire. The whole of the interior was glowing with a brilliant light. The effect of the phenomenon in the engine room was most awe-inspiring, the whole place glowing in a faint violet light, from which millions of sparks emanated. All the men rushed upon deck. "The second mate happened to be sounding the (well) at the time and received a violent shock from the steel rod which he held in his hand. The phenomenon did not last many seconds. When we had recovered from our surprise we looked at the compasses and found them all demagnetized and awry. "In that predicament I decided to put back for the nearest port, but as we were experiencing blinding snowstorms and could get no assistance from our compasses, it was a difficult task. At last we picked up the Lizard, and by following coasting vessels put into Falmouth." Strange to say, when the compasses were taken ashore they resumed their normal condition and were strictly accurate. It is feared that the ship has become highly magnetized, and experts will go on board to decide how the problem can be solved.
This reference: Indianapolis STAR 27th February 1910
With Thanks to Chris Aubeck for the use of his material. Translations and notes c Chris Aubeck 2001
UFOCAT PRN - None
Bastia - Two Found. France (Corsica) Latitude 42.42 N, Longitude 9.27 E and
Italy Latitude 43.04 N, Longitude 12.33 E
Port Talbot Latitude 51.36 N, Longitude 3.47 W
Wolf Rock Latitude 49.57 N, Longitude 5.48 W
Falmouth Latitude 50.09 N, Longitude 5.05 W
Reference: United Kingdom Gazetteer, Prepared in the Division of Geography, Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C., April 1950.
For more ship-sea stories see also the November 28, 1979 "almost hitting a yacht" event.
Earlier this event was placed on this www-page dated as 1916 (see below). Apparently the NEW-YORK TIMES date (1912, Febr. 24) is more correct. Thanks to Mr. Steve Hutcheon for pointing me to the 1912 source.
Here is from http://www.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2003-July/025484.html
Ship Nearly Hit by Meteorite
A narrow escape from being struck by a meteorite was experienced by the Leyland Rae(?) steamer Bostonian recently. Captain Perry saw the meteorite flashing brilliantly, falling to the southwest of the vesset. There was a hissing sound as it approached and with a loud report it fell into the ocean a few ship's length's from the Bostonian's bow. It caused so great a disturbance in the sea that water was dashed over the decks of the steamer.
The description makes a meteorite fall unlikely. But it resembles other ship-sea stories (see the November 28, 1979 "almost hitting a yacht" event).
FIRE BOLT SENDS TOWN TO KNEES
Meteor Explodes Before Bank and Church
BEG MERCY FOR SOULS
Many Fearing End of the World Fall Prostrate Before Pastor, Returning From Services
Washington, Pa., Jan. 17. - Residents of West Alexander were roused from their beds by the explosion of a meteor, which struck the earth in the center of the town's business district.
Terror-stricken, the Inhabitants ran out, fearing the world was coming to and end and not knowing what dire calamity had befallen.
The heavenly visitor had fallen in front of the West Alexander National bank, and the next thought of the towns people was that an attempt had been made to rob the bank, which, with several other buildings, had been damaged by the explosion. Posses were immediately organized and a search began. Father Weber, of St. Joseph's cathedral, who is something of an astronomer, solved the mystery of the meteor and the posses dispersed.
Rev. J. G. Deeds, pastor of the Methodist church, was returning from a country prayer meeting when the meteor fell, and was probably the only witness. People runing from their homes in wild scream found him standing near the scene of the explosion, and they began to fall on their knees in prayer, begging the clergyman to implore mercy for their souls. The more practical-minded, however, saw the damaged front of the bank, and immediately assigned a more earthly and highly criminal cause for the explosion, and the hunt for the bank robbers began.
When it was found that other buildings, the Methodist church included, had been damaged, the terror began again with renewed vigor.
It was not untill Father Weber made his investigation that calm took the place of storm in the little town. He explained that the head of a meteor rushing through the air had caused it to explode when it struck the earth.
Many meteors have fallen in the Ohio vallery in the past, but none of them stirred up half the excitement which this one did. Some of the towns people are still unconvinced that the falling of the meteor is not the omen of a terrible catastrophe to come during 1916.
Here is from http://www.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2003-February/018260.html
Paper: Decatur Evening Herald City: Decatur, Illinois Date: Saturday, December 22, 1928 Page: 1 DECLARES METEOR FELL ON HOUSE AND KUKKED WOMAN, BABY (By United Press) GREENDALE, N.Y., Dec. 22 - Farmers in this neighborhood Saturday are convinced that a meteor fell from the sky. Friday night and set fire to a farm house here, burning a woman and a year old baby to death and injuring six others painfully. Scientists say such a thing happens once in 500 years. J. R. Hicks, a storeheeper, related Saturday that he stood in front of his store and saw a ball of fire shooting from the sky. It landed on the roof of William Peator's house he said. Mrs. William Peator, 43, and Ramond Ford Jr., her one year old nephew were killed. Others in the house, Minner and Doris Peator, five years old twins, Ruth Peator, 16, and Mrs. Raymond Ford, 28, were painfully burned.As expected from the description, there is no any such meteorite in meteorite's collections/annals.
(6) TWO PUZZLING SUPERBOLIDES Meteoritics and Planetary Science 36(9),supplement,p.A175,2001. M.C.L.Rocca-Mendoza 2779-16A, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina firstname.lastname@example.org Introduction: Superbolides are meteors brighter than mag -17. Bolides or fireballs are used for meteors from mag -4 and brighter. Superbolides are rare events(1). Infrared and visible wavelenghts sensors aboard DOD satellites have detected and recorded a number of superbolide events in the past decade(2). As part of a search in old scientific publications two oceanic superbolide events have come to light. The first is the most enigmatic: The following account of unusual phenomena was received March 10, at the Hydrographic office, Washington, from the branch office in San Francisco. The bark Innerwich, Capt. Waters, has just arrived at Victoria from Yokohama. At midnight of Feb. 24(1885), in latitude 37d north, longitude 170d 15m east, the captain was aroused by the mate, and went on deck to find the sky changing to a fiery red.˙ All at once a large mass of fire appeared over the vessel, completly blinding the spectators; and, as it fell into the sea some fifty yards to leeward, it caused a hissing sound, which was heard above the blast, and made the vessel quiver from stem to stern. Hardly had this disappeared, when a lowering mass of white foam was seen rapidly approaching the vessel. The noise from the advancing volume of water is described as deafening. The bark was struck flat aback; but, before there was time to touch a brace, the sails had filled again, and the roaring white sea had passed ahead. To increase the horror of the situation, another 'vast sheet of flame' ran down the mizzen-mast, and 'poured in myriads of sparks' from the rigging. The strange redness of the sky remained for twenty minutes. The master, an old and experienced mariner, declares that the awfulness of the sight was beyond description, and considers that the ship had a narrow escape from destruction(3). The mention that the sky got red BEFORE the event is puzzling but it is not the only one in the literature. Concerning the Brazilian Superbolide at Curuca River we read: "On the morning of the 13th August 1930 the sky was clear and glorious equatorial sun had risen to usher in the new day... Suddenly,at about 8 o'clock , the sun became blood-red and darkness spread over everything, almost as if a thick cloud had intercepted the sun's rays...but there is no cloud...only the appearence of reddish dust in the atmosphere,giving the impresion of an immense fire that would reduce to ashes all the elements of nature. Fine ash begins to fall on the plants of the forest and on the waters of the river...when suddenly a multiple hissing noise is heard coming from the high,sounding like whistles or artillery shells...and the hissing noise comes closer and closer to the earth... Some fisherman did have courage ,and while standing in the middle of the river raised their eyes to the sky and saw large fireballs of fire which fell from the sky like thunderbolts. They landed in the centre of the forest with a triple shock similar to the rumble of thunder and the splash of lighting. There were 3 distinct explosion each stronger than the other causing earth tremors like those on an earthquake."(4), (5). This event could be interpreted both as a meteoritic one or, perhaps, as the consequence of some kind of plasma interaction in the high atmosphere(6). The second event is a superbolide falling in the sea: "When the Phoenix Line Steamship St. Andrew arrived from Antwerp yesterday, Captain Fitzgerald reported that the steamer had passed a meteoric shower at 4:30 o'clock on Tuesday(October 30,1906) about 600 miles NE of Cape Race. The largest meteor observed fell into the sea less than a mile away. Had it struck the St. Andrew all hands would have perished. Yesterday afternoon Chief Officer V.E. Spencer , who was on the bridge when the meteors appeared ,told what he saw there.'On Tuesday afternoon,'said Mr. Spencer,'the weather was clear and bright, although there was little sunshine.Just after one bell,4:30 o'clock, I saw three meteors fall into the water dead ahead of the ship one after another at a distance about 5 miles. Although it was day light,they left a red streak in the air from zenith to the horizon. Simultaneously the third engineer shouted to me. I then saw a huge meteor on the port beam falling in a zig-zag manner less than a mile away to the southward. We could distinctly hear the hissing of water as it touched. It fell with a rocking motion leaving a broad red streak in its wake. The meteor must have weighed several tons,and appeared to be 10 to 15 feet in diameter. It was saucer shaped which probably accounted for the peculiar rocking motion.When the mass of metal struck the water the spray and staem rose to a height of at least 40 feet,and for a few moments looked like the mouth of a crater. If it had been night,the meteor would have illuminated the sea for 50 or 60 miles.The hissing sound,like escaping steam,when it struck the water was so loud that the chief engineer turned out of his berth and came on deck,thinking the sound came from the engine room. I have seen meteors all over the world, but never such a large one as this"(7). Careful searches in old journals may offer new examples of interesting superbolide events. REFERENCES: (1): Ceplecha Z. et al.(1999),METEOROIDS 1998, Astron. Inst.,Slovak Acad.Sci.,Bratislava,pp37-54. (2): Tagliaferri E. et al.(1994) in "Hazards due to Comets and Asteroids",T.Gehrels ed.,Univ. of Arizona,p199. (3): Anonymous(1885),Science,(old serie),5,pp242-243. (4): Bailey M.E. et al.(1995),The Observatory 115,No1128,pp250-253. (5): Huyghe P.(1996),The Sciences,March/April ,pp14-17. (6): Spalding R.E.(2000),private communication. (7): anonymous(1906),The New York Times,November 3,1906,Head. c Meteoritical Society, 2001.And here is my follow up to the post in CCNet of Jan.7, 2002 ( http://abob.libs.uga.edu/bobk/ccc/cc010702.html ):
(16) SUPERBOLIDES AND TUNGUSKA >From Andrei Ol'khovatovAfter posting that, I decided to check meteorological data for the Yuliya Papazova's event. On p.126 of Russian edition of the book it is written that the event took place on Nov.28, 1979 at about 3 am, when a wind got calm. Unfortunately, geographical coordinates were not given. But from my phone talk with Doncho Papazov in early March 2002 (who was on the yacht, and is a co-author of the book), and the book info, the coordinates can be evaluated as 9.5 S, and about 139 W (Doncho said that they were within 200 miles of the Marquesas islands). If the time given is the local one (which is the most probably), it corresponds to about noon Z.
Dear Benny, and All, There was an abstract:˙ TWO PUZZLING SUPERBOLIDES Meteoritics and Planetary Science 36(9),supplement,p.A175,2001. M.C.L.Rocca-Mendoza 2779- 16A, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina in CCNet˙ 3/2002 - 3 January 2002. Here I would like to say that similar mysterious light's falls near ships are known in modern times too. For example Yuliya Papazova (famous Bulgarian yachtwoman) describes in her (with coauthors) book as in Pacific ocean a luminous body fell about 100 meters from their yacht, producing a water pillar, and water waves rocking the yacht. Interestingly, that she writes that the light persisted for 1-2 seconds after the fall, disappearing deeply underwater. Our planet is full of mysteries still.... In my opinion many of these events are as I call them "geophysical meteors" (www.geocities.com/olkhov/gr1997.htm). They are most known during earthquakes, when they are used to be called "earthquake lights". For example, during an earthquake in the Tama Hills, Japan, June 17, 1931 "a fireball rose in the sky and disappeared. A sound like "Bah..." was heard. The lower sky was coloured pink-red for some time after the disappearance of the light". For scientific discussion of mysterious superbolides and other related matters, Tunguska forum was just organized (remarkably that there were reports about "red sky" in Tunguska...): http://www.topica.com/lists/tunguska. By the way, I just posted in there my comments to the Italian article on Tunguska in Astronomy and Astrophysics 377 (2001) 1081-1097, which was popularized by BBC: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_1628000/1628806.stm. I e-mailed to the Italian authors inviting them to take part in discussions of their article, and I hope that the forum will be rather good place for scientific discussions of Tunguska and other poorly understood events. Sincerely, Andrei Ol'khovatov Russia, Moscow
The next event describes what probably occurs if being directly hit by such fireball. Here is from http://www.meteoritearticles.com/znp05081895.html
HIT BY A METEOR
The report that the steamship Nexsmore, at this port from London, had been
struch by a meteor, briefly noted in the papers the day following her,
arrival, has attracted wide attention from those interested in ocean
Capt. Richardson gave a very careful description of the incident, with the atmospheric conditions prevailing at the time.
March, 29 the steamship was off the southern end of the Newfoundland banks. The day opened perfectly, and at noon a good observation was had. At 12:30 o'clock the weather changed; a dense and black fog suddenly set in, completely enveloping the steamer. At this moment, without any warning whatever, a terrific explosion was heard, coming from the direction of the foremost top pole head. A vivid flash of a whitish color accompanied the explosion, and small particles of what appeared to be a white-ash matter were seen to fall to the deck.
Of course all hands were greatly startled, and Capt. Richardson, who was on the bridge, stopped the steamship. Explaining his astonishment, he said that he at first thought that some man-of-war had fired a shell at him. Recovering his composure, and finding the vessel all right, she was started ahead again. An examination of the fore pole showed a splinter of wood projecting from it at right angles, and a sailor was sent aloft to investigate. He found the pole split across and downward for three feet. The paint was burned off the entire length of the pole.
Directly after the explosion a heavy rain set in, lasting about twenty minutes. Then the rain ceased, the fog lifted and the sun came out brillantly for about thirty minutes, when the fog again surrounded the vessel.
The meteor, or whatever it was came from an easternly direction. At the time the wind was light from the south. There was no lightning before or after the explosion.
- Boston Herald
There is an interesting story in W. Corliss "STRANGE PHENOMENA" (vol. G-2, p.72) citating NATURE April 23, 1891 (p.590)
The Story Told by the Captai of the Steamship Trople.
NEW YORK, April 13. - The British steamship Tropic, Captain Barber, from = Pregreso, which place she left March 31, had a remarkable experience duri= ng the voyage. The first six days out was uneventful, but when off Hatter= as on Saturday, April 6, she encountered a gale. It set in at 8 a.m. and = two hours later it took the form of an electrical storm. the lightning wa= s almost incessant, while deafening peals of thunder followed in quick su= ccession. The storm lasted nearly ten hours. At nightfall the sea was run= ning mountain high. It was found necessary to resort to the use of oil to= ride out the hurricane, which had become one of the most furious kind. T= he Tropic lay at the mercy of the elements all night. At 5 o'clock Sunday= morning a remarkable brilliant flash of lightning illuminated the sky, f= ollowed by a deafening thunder clap. Immediately the sea became fiery red= and then darkened to a hue of blood.
This phenomenon was attended by a hissing sound which apparently came fro= m overhead. The noise grew in volume and the illumination swiftly increas= ed. The light became so brilliant that none of the crew could distinguish= anything but sparks of fire. A large ball of fire was described overhead= It was as large as a good sized balloon. It came slanting toward the st= eamer and fell into the sea only a few yards from the vessel, filling the= air with flakes of fire. Millions of sparks fell in the wake of the fire= ball, illuminated the steamer for several minutes. Capt. Barber believes= it was a meteor. For some minutes after the ball had sunk into the sea t= he faces and eyes of the sailors squinted with pain, and the side of the = steamer nearest the fire ball was warm. During the disturbance the barome= ter vibrated 1-10 each way, indicating that it was of metallic substance.= Two hours after the meteor fell the Trople's engines gave out under the = strain of buffeting the waves the steamer rolled over into the trough of = the she, where she lay helpless for nearly forty-eight hours and the sea = breaking over her fore and aft. The weather chains were carried away, the= bridge smashed. On Wednesday the storm ceased, and the engines and rails= were patched up sufficiently to reach this port.
For more sea-ship stories see also the February, 1910 "comet" electrifizing a ship event, and the 1916 "nearly hitting a ship" event.
Paper: Gettysburg Times City: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Date: Wednesday, November 4, 1981 Page: 13 Boy sees meteorite land in backyard NORTH ADAMS, Mass. (AP) - A 13-year-old junior astronomer is the owner of a baseball-size meteorite that he watched fall from the sky and land in his family's vegetable garden. Anthony M. Sarkis Jr. an eighth grader, says he was adjusting his telescope in his front yard Halloween night when he spotted a red fire-ball shoot across the sky and disappear behind his house. Then he heard a boom as loud as a shotgun blast. When he went in the backyard to investigate, there, in the garden, was a crater a foot wide and 4 inches deep. And inside the hole was a glowing red rock. Sankis summoned his parents and called the police. He was later visited by Mayor Richard C. Lamb and William G. Seeley, a physics professor at North Adams State College. "Not in a dozen lifetimes will you see this" Seeley told the boy. "This is a rare occasion. You should be proud of yourself."
And here is the end of the story (from http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2004-October/145151.html )
Paper: Gettysburg Times City: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Date: Thursday, November 5, 1981 Page: 22 Prof says meteorite is just a piece of industrial debris NORTH ADAMS, Mass. (AP) - An eighth grader who thought he found a meteorite in his back yard is the owner of what appears to be a piece of industrial slag, a Harvard professor said Tuesday. "By no means is it a meteorite." said Dr. John A. Wood, a professor of geology involved in research on meteorites at the Smithsonian Observatory, which is affiliated with Harvard. He examined the baseball-sized object the boy said had fallen into the family's vegetable garden Halloween night. "It is certainly nothing out of the ordinary and seems to be a piece of slag from an industrial process." Wood said. Anthony J. Sankis Jr., a 13-year-old amateur astronomer, had said he spotted a red fireball shooting across the sky as he was adjusting his telescope Halloween night. When he looked in the garden, Sarkis said he found a foot-wide crater containing a battered rock. The boy and his father took the rock to Woods for identification Tuesday morning after a physics professor at nearby North Adams State College agreed it may be a meteorite. During the weekend, a parade of curious people, including newspaper photographers, police and the mayor of North Adams, visited the Sarkis back yard to view the inch-deep crater. The family also maintained the object was still warm Sunday morning after a night outside, an occurrence Wood said "was simply impossible." "I'm not into meteorites, but it looked very convincing to me." the North Adams State professor, William G. Seeley, said Tuesday afternoon. "I told the boy's parents to be very sure, because If it was a hoax it would be very easy to find out. "On the plus side, both my sons had seen a red track in the sky about the right time. Something tripped in my mind when the boy said he was an amateur astronomer and had been reading about meteorites, but I wasn't sure whether he said he had been reading about then before or after he found the object and convinced myself that the latter has been the case. "It's my feeling now that someone probably played a prank on the boy," Seeley said, "although the way the thing was set up that's almost as hard to believe as if it had actually happened."
Indeed, this is how such stories end, and become quickly forgotten!
At 19.55 local time (09.55 UT) a red fireball was seen over the town of Dal`negorsk (appr. 44.5 N; 135.5 E), Russian Far East. It flew silently parallel to the ground surface with the speed of 15 m/s leaving no wake neither trail. After the fireball have passed the town, it 'dived' to the slope of the small mountain (the height 611m), then jumped up and down 6 times above the mountain surface. It was accompanied with a very bright light persisted for an hour. One eyewitness said that after it, the fireball took off and flew away.
The 'impact' site was researched 2 days after. The fireball destroyed about 2-3 cub. m of the rock. The site was covered with singed pieces of the rock with small metallic spherules sprinkled. At the edge of the site there was a burnt tree-stump.
Three main types of remnants were found at the site. Pb-spherules (about 60 g.), Fe-spherules (about 15 g.) and 'sponge'.
The Pb-spherules consisted of Pb with a small percentage of other elements like rare-Earth ones. Dimensions - upto 4 mm.
The Fe-spherules were 2-4 mm in diametre and consisted of Fe with C and O and a small percentage of Cr, Co, W. The Fe-spherules were magnetized.
'Sponge' was a glass-like substance covered with a lot of 'holes'. Silicon 'threads' about 17 microns width with a gold 'thread' inside were discovered. The 'sponge' probably was remnants of rocks and the tree-stump in general.
The singed pieces of the rock were dehydrated and enriched in oxides of various metals. The silicon contents was slightly lowered.
The trajectory of the fireball was parallel of 2 faults and the 'impact' site was in the intersection of several faults.
In the evening (20.30 local time) of Febr. 8, 1986 two fireballs were seen near this mountain. They flew around the mountain 4 times and then flew away.
On the evening (about 22.40 local time) of Nov. 28, 1987 totally 32 fireballs flew over the Russian Far East region. Four of them flew over the mountain, three ones were above the town of Dal`negorsk and five ones illuminated environs.
First I would like to say that in the region some weak earthquakes occur from time to time. And here is the meteorological situation for the Jan.29, 1986 event.
Several hours after the event cloudiness have increased. It is clearly seen on smoothed cloudiness's data averaged for the following time intervals: 6-12 UT, 12-18 UT, 18-24 UT.
Moreover, it is seen on the sea level smoothed airpressure data for 6 UT, and 12 UT Jan.29, that there was an upsurge of airpressure.
Remarkably, that the Febr.8, 1986 event also occured during an upsurge of airpressure (compare data for 6 UT and 12 UT Febr.8). And finally, the Nov.28, 1987 event also occurred during a sharp upsurge of airpressure ( 12 UT and 18 UT Nov. 28).
|Observed: August 25,1995|
|Mean Temperature||19.2° C|
|Max Temperature||23.5° C|
|Min Temperature||15.9° C|
|Cooling Degree Days||2|
|Growing Degree Days||7 (base 60°F)|
|Sea Level Pressure||1020.9 hPa|
|Standard Pressure||998.3 hPa|
|Wind Speed||15.6 kph|
|Max Wind Speed||25.9 kph|
|Gust Speed||40.7 kph|
|Observed: August 26,1995|
|Mean Temperature||21.9° C|
|Max Temperature||29.0° C|
|Min Temperature||15.9° C|
|Cooling Degree Days||7|
|Growing Degree Days||12 (base 60°F)|
|Sea Level Pressure||1017.4 hPa|
|Standard Pressure||994.9 hPa|
|Wind Speed||4.1 kph|
|Max Wind Speed||10.7 kph|
It is seen, that there was an atmospheric pressure drop from August 25 to August 26. Wind and rain on August 25 are also remarkable.
Dr. A. J. Bedard Jr, NOAA/ERL/Environmental Technology Laboratory wrote (taken from http://www.etl.noaa.gov/technology/infrasound/infrasonic.html) that on October 3-4, 1996 during about a 21 hour interval they detected 53 signals, they infer to have originated over the continental United States. Other observing periods detected shock like signals moving over head (e.g. 12 in less than an hour in one case) during times of no known meteor swarm.
And here seems to be the final word on the event from some of its investigators.
From descriptions and a photo of the Oct.3-4 event it is clear that it doesn't
resembled meteoroidal bolides. So even the advocates of
meteoroidal explanation had to recognize its problems (see the link above).
I would like to attract attention to the meteorological conditions at that time.
Meteorological conditions were following. At that time a very broad and strong high pressure cold front moving fastly to the south-east into the central part of USA from Canada reached central New Mexico and Texas. Simultaneously a strong band of showers was moving ahead of it [ReVelle D. et al.,1997].
And let's look at cloudiness data, especially in the area of the most confirmed "bolides" activity, i.e. in in California (36.1 N, 117.6 W; 03.44 Z, Oct.4). Santa Fe - El Paso region (02.01 Z, Oct.4), and vicinity of Salt Lake city, Utah (01.40 Z, Oct.4). Let's also check the area, where according to the above-mentioned investigators the bolide has disintegrated/fallen. The latter is seen on map from the link above shows obervations of a bolide[s?] seen in New Mexico and Texas.
Here is averaged ans smoothed cloudiness data for:
for 12-18 Z, October 3,1996
for 18-24 Z, October 3,1996
for 0-6 Z, October 4,1996
for 6-12 Z, October 4,1996
for 12-18 Z, October 4,1996
for 18-24 Z, October 4,1996
for 0-6 Z, October 5,1996
You can see that in the California area a stronge upsurge of cloudiness commenced a few hours after the event. In both New Mexico areas cloudiness also peaked a few hours after the event. In the calculated by meteorite experts area of the "New Mexico meteorite fall", the event was approximately coincided (or a little bit preceded) with a peak of cloudiness.
Let's look at other areas of reported fireballs:
for 12-18 Z, October 3,1996
for 18-24 Z, October 3,1996
for 0-6 Z, October 4,1996
for 6-12 Z, October 4,1996
for 12-18 Z, October 4,1996
for 18-24 Z, October 4,1996
You can see that in all reported areas of the fireballs, there was a cloudiness upsurge within 24 hours (often even much faster) after the fireball's appearences.
And the infrasound event in Utah occured when cloudiness sharply dropped in the area, with still a powerful cloudiness field nearby.
By the way, the above-mentioned absence of infrasound delay time is in agreement with some accounts on geometeors, which stated that sound delay was too small (sometimes a hundred times smaller) than expected from the sound propagation from the object.
And, at last, more than 3 years after the event a remarkable article has appeared in METEORITICS & PLANETARY SCIENCE, v.36 (April 2001), p.549 (you can read the scanned version here). Its abstract is below.
Data on the trajectory and orbit of an extremely bright bolide (superbolide) over Greenland on December 9, 1997, are given, and circumstances of the phenomenon and its observations are described. A surveillance-video-camera and satellite-based records enabled computing the trajectory and orbit independently of visual sightings of casual observers. The superbolide body of about 36 000 kg penetrated the atmosphere with an initial velocity of 30.5 ~ 1.7 km s-1. Its orbit was a long-period orbit and seems to be at variance with the low value of ablation coefficient (0.017 kg MJ-1) derived from modeling the atmospheric trajectory. However, such an event has been documented previously. Also the intensity and brevity of the satellite detected light flares are highly unusual. The impact area of the main hypothetical remnant of the body is given. Search for meteorites was performed. No meteorites were recovered. Also analysis of snow samples gave no hint of meteoritic dust.
In the morning of Dec.9, 1997, a large fireball was seen over a large
area of southwest Greenland. It was interpreted as a meteoroidal bolide
followed by a probable meteorite fall .
I got some information about the event from my first visit to the H. Pedersen Web home-page ( http://www.astro.ku.dk/~holger) in the middle of January, 1998. After reading the witness's accounts, I came to the conclusion that it could hardly be a meteoroidal bolide, but apparently a geophysical phenomenon; later the conclusion was supported by further information posted at the H. Pedersen Web-site.
In January 1998 I informed several event's researchers that the event was probably of geophysical origin. But at that time, just R. Spalding, Sandia Nat. Lab., admitted such a possibility. Recently my opinion on the event has been presented in mass-media . No "Greenland meteorite" remnants were discovered by the Danish search expedition in summer 1998. Moreover, even some Danish researchers have to mention some "unusual" features of the "meteorite fall".
Here are some evidences against a meteoroidal origin, and in favour of a geophysical origin:
- The descriptions of the event by eyewitnesses don't conform with a meteoroidal origin. The best example is the description of many bright fireballs swiftly falling after the "bolide explosion". Detailed analysis reveals that it doesn't conform with the physics of meteoroid flight, but recalls some ball-lightning's explosions. Another indication is the strange "millepede" formation of the fireball's trail.
- There is a report that several hours after the event a smell of "burnt earth" was felt on a tiny island over which the fireball flew at about 35 km height.
- Violent sounds and then shaking of houses (and apparently trembling of the ground) have been reported in Fiskenaesset (60 km from the "impact place"). This was followed some minutes later by wind effects of short duration in an otherwise quiet weather. A strong wind with a very sharp onset took place about 10 min. after the event in Nuuk, about 200 km away from the "impact place".
- The appearance of the meteor just at 70 km height  contradicts the physics of meteoroid phenomena.
- The US satellite data and videotape hint at an important role of electric phenomena in the event .
There are many more details in the description of the event which are against a meteoroid entry and conform with the geophysical interpretation.
The latter one states that it was not a meteoroid entry, but a geophysical phenomenon, many examples of which are known [4-10]. Geophysical circumstances of the Greenland event also favor the geophysical origin:
- It took place during a weather break to bad weather.
- It occurred during an upsurge of solar activity.
- It happened during a 10-days-long epoch of the Earth's rotation angular velocity's drop, whose minimum was on December 9.
- And one more remarkable thing. The fireball "impact area" is rich in iron deposits, and the above-land trajectory was over the line of granite and diorite intrusions marked with faulting and mountains' ridge. The fireball's final explosions took place over tops of the ridge's mountains (hills).
And here you can see cloudiness behaviour at the time of the Greenland fireball. Data clearly shows strong upsurge of the cloudiness after the event (compare data for December 9, 0-6 UT, 6-12 UT, 12-18 UT, 18-24 UT)).
UPDATE OF Febr.14,2014.
A couple days ago I got e-mail from Mr. Benjamin Garfield who wrote that he was an eyewithess of the event.
Here with his kind permission I am posting his account (combined from his several e-mails):
On the night of November 16th, 1999 about 7 pm or so I was on the phone sitting on the couch when a fluorescent green light outside caught my eye... I ran to the patio door, opened it and went onto the patio... It was coming from the west going east... I first got a good look at it when it was approaching me... I would say it was about 50 to 60 degrees above the horizon to the south and west when I first got a really good look at it .... It appeared to be no faster than a small engine airplane... It was dropping white sparks that slowly turned yellow to orange as they fell that bounced of the tree limbs next door... It made a hissing sound like air being let out of a tire.... It had a fluorescent green tail which was 10 times as long as the object was in diameter... The green flame protruded up and down at a 45 degree angle on the front edge of the object.... The object did not break up or such but was shedding sparks... The object was a perfect silver sphere that looked like it was made of mercury because I could clearly see the leading edge ripple as if the object was made of liquid... I could clearly see it as it flew by right in front of me.. It looked like a giant ball bearing.. I would say it was in sight for at least 20 to 30 seconds... It was not flying at an angle but flew lower than a small engine aircraft would have.... This was the strangest thing I've ever seen.... I would have to say it was no more than 400 to 500 ft. up and 400 to 500 distant towards the south flying on a flat trajectory.... This was no meteor.... I watched it fly east as it got smaller and smaller... I know this thing was flying low to the ground because as I watched it fly farther away I could only see the sphere shape and not the long green tail as when it first flew by... If you have anymore questions let me know... I was living in Lake Villa Illinois at the time....
The sparks that were coming off the object were dropping sparks onto the trees next door.... I could clearly see the sparks as they fell off the sphere.... The sparks cooled as they fell changing colors from white to yellow to orange... It was close enough to me and see the sparks as they hit the tree limbs and scatter with bouncing motion then fall to the ground... I would say the sparks took about 6 to 8 seconds from the time they were first ejected from the sphere till they hit the ground... The green flame around the object lit it clearly to determine it's shape... There was a very slight haze around the sphere but I still could see it was like a giant ball bearing.... It was close enough to hear the hissing sound that it made... The green fire did not create the spherical form but illuminated the object... The objects long green tail was parallel to the ground always keeping the same distance from it thus explaining it to be running on a flat plane.... The sphere was about 3 inches or 8 cm at arms length... It was at least 3 or 4 times larger than a full moon....
His account strictly points that the fireball seen was near the ground very close to him : '...see the sparks as they hit the tree limbs and scatter with bouncing motion then fall to the ground. ....'
And probably finally on the Dec.5, 1999 Alabama event - there was an interesting article on it in EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union in 2003 ( Acrobat Reader pdf-version of the article is here).
Looking at the meteorological maps (Unisys Corp.) of 00 UT, April 29 (the fireball was seen at 5:07 UT, April 29), 12 UT, April 29, and 00 UT, April 30, a high pressure atmospheric air area can be seen advancing to and through the region. Cloudiness was swiftly disappearing during the event.
The Kumarina Exotic Event (Western Australia 1-08-2000) as reported
by me on Skywatch two weeks ago has now been updated with the following
Witness CK and his mate were driving north on the Great Northern Highway from Meekatharra towards Kumarina. It was a clear night such that the Milky Way was prominent in the night sky, with no clouds or inclement weather. They believed the event occurred at about 9.00pm but had been driving all day and could only be certain that it was dark and during mid evening. [Other eyewitnesses placed this event at 8.05-8.10pm].
Whilst at a point some 30-50km south of Kumarina Roadhouse and driving to the NNE they observed a medium green light flying roughly NNW on their RHS ie. ESE of their location.. This light was ball shaped with a very minor firey orange-red "tail" - described as "two or three small licks of flame coming out of the green light's rear". It appeared as if a few sparks were dropping off of the green ball as it sped at fairly high speed in an almost horizontal trajectory, but "curved slightly downwards", about 20km east of them. It's altitude was relatively low, but CK as passenger on the LHS of the car had to lean forward and cran his neck to see it outside the car window since from his side it was partially obscured by the car roof.
There was apparently no noise, they had the car windows open as it was warm, but they were running the car engine at speed. This green ball sighting lasted about four seconds.
The green ball disappeared over the NNW horizon, as it did so there was a simultaneous massive bright white light flash that lit up every where around in silhouette. The white road centre line stripes lit up as if phosphorescent. The light was not blinding but kind of pleasant and very intense. The light was apparently caused by rather instantaneous sheet lightning, and it did not come directly from the green ball, but from a region under and near it's path. The disappearance of the green ball (over the horizon ???) and the sudden white light flash from the ground up were simultaneous events. [ Other eyewitnesses described a large area about 3-4km across from which vivid blue-white arc welder like electricity emanated going from the ground up - as if it was a huge explosion over a very large area].
The car main headlight fuse blew out as the same time as the main white light flash, necessitating a stop to change fuses.
CK being a keen amateur astronomer debriefed his mate as to exactly what he saw. This report is a compilation of their observations. CK thought at first that he might have witnessed a piece of satellite debris during re-entry but was amazed by the brilliant white "explosion" and it's correlation with their head light fuse blowing.
This sighting report is important since it apparently provides excellent proof of an Electro-Magnetic Pulse being coincident with the huge white light flash that emanated as sheet lightning from the ground.
I have checked with AGSO Canberra and am informed that there was no co-incident seismic event recorded by the AGSO seismic chain. However our local Perth WA (Mundaring) AGSO seismic office has recently been closed down and the staff retrenched or transferred. Thus I now have no opportunity to inspect paper seismic records myself...
The corridor of Laverton-Leonora-Banjawarn-Agnew-Wiluna-Mt.Newman has a considerable history (commencing in the mid to late 1980's) of similar sighting reports of aerial "fireball" phenomenon and massive light "explosions" silhouetting the countryside for many miles. One of these on 28-05-93 at Banjawarn was co-incident with a 3.7/9 richter quake. Other incidents seen during the same time frame consist of very large setting sun sized orange-red hemispheres with silver linings seen bobbing around on the dark night time horizon for upto two hours at a time.
Either we have a very exotic active fault stress field on the NNW trending Celia Lineament or close parallel harmonic structures and hence some good examples of Russian geophysicist Andrei Ol'khovatov's "Geophysical Meteors" or we are dealing with sentient EM weapons testing, or some other type of Alien or Solar-Earth energy disequilbrium event.
Although I personally still execute "Do Loops" around the range of possibile causes every few weeks, I must say that the exotic weapons testing ideas surface more often than not. Either way we appear to have an excellent region for detailed study of this phenomenon...
Mr. R. called the MUFON-SB UFO Sighting Hotline to report that approx. 11:30 PM on August 9th, his wife looked out the window and noticed one or two very bright white lights swooping back and forth in the sky and alerted him to the lights. At that time he went outside his front door and was met by a blinding white light that illuminated his house and street. The light suddenly went out and he noticed both his outdoor mercury vapor lights and street lights were out. As he stood in the total darkness, he was again surrounded by the intensely bright light that lasted about a minute then once again blinked out to sudden darkness. About a minute and a half later he heard a rumbling sound like a sonic boom but said it sounded more seismic, like the noise that sometimes precedes an earthquake, and his windows in his house rattled but the ground never shook. Following the vibration, he looked towards the NE sky and saw what appeared to be two faint white "falling stars" that were "falling" side by side and disappeared at the same moment. Mr. R. reported that there were no visual observations of normal aircraft or helicopters in the sky during the event and no sound was heard, with the exception of the rumbling.
Report Date: 10 August, 2000 (6:00 PM PDT)
Report Taken By:
State Section Director
MUFON-San Bernardino County, So. Cal.
Additional Note: This sighting event was followed a few minutes later by a small M2.4 earthquake which was centered about 30 miles away at 23:43 PM PDT (06:43UT), however, due to the low magnitude of the quake, the sonic effects are thought not to be connected to the earthquake. It is unknown whether or not the earthquake is coincidental or is somehow connected to the original event, as the two "falling stars" were last seen falling in the direction of the location of the succeeding earthquake.
LOS ANGELES (AP) -- A green and orange flash people saw streak from
the high desert to the Pacific Coast across the night sky was most likely
a meteor, according to an astronomer.
The flash was seen in the clear Southern California sky about 8 p.m. Tuesday.
It was visible more than 100 miles away, as far east as the Arizona line and as far south as the U.S.-Mexico border.
"From the description I got, it sounds like a very bright meteor or fireball as we call it," said Patrick So, an astronomer with the Griffith Park Observatory in the hills just north of downtown. He said it was mostly likely a fragment of an asteroid that broke up long ago. Such objects give off a green glow as they burn up in the Earth's atmosphere, So said.
Trucker Tom Lawson was driving along Interstate 8 near Gila Bend, Arizona, when he says he saw "a green light with kind of an orange tail going from the southwest sky." "It just kind of faded out as it got to the West Coast," he said. Others said they witnessed the flash from San Diego and from Joshua Tree, in the Mojave Desert.
Copyright 2000 The Associated Press. All rights reserved
There was an atmospheric trough in the area (see weather maps for 00 UT, Sept.27, and 12 UT, Sept.27). Meteorological data for San Diego (by The Weather Underground, Inc.) reveals an air pressure jump at about the time of the fireball. Also pay attention to wind speed upsurge before the fireball.
Another interesting feature is seen in satellite's images. Here are
GOES-10 infrared images for
03 UT, September 27,
07 UT, September 27, 12
UT, September 27, 18 UT, September 27,
23:30 UT, September 27, 06
UT, September 28.
Development of cloud cover in the region is clearly seen on them.
And one more argument for the geometeor's interpretation. Frank Condon of Geo-Seismic Laboratory discovered electromagnetic disturbances at the time of the fireball.
The investigation continues...
Go to the A. Ol'khovatov Main Page (directory): http://olkhov.narod.ru